jnyaaaneshvari

jnyaaaneshvari Maharashtra ke sant kavi jnyaaaneshvar dvaara maraathi bhaasha mein rachi gayi shreemadabhagavatageeta par likhi gayi sarvapratham oveebaddh teeka hai. vastut: yeh kaavyamaya pravachan hai jise jnyaaaneshvar ne apne guru nivruttinaath ke nidrshan mein anya santon ke samaksh kiya tha. ismein geeta ke mool 700 shlokon ka maraathi bhaasha ki 9000 oviyon mein atyant rasapoorn vishd vivechan hai. antar keval itna hi hai ki yeh shri shankaraachaarya ke samaan geeta ka pratipd bhaashya naheen hai. yathaarth mein yeh geeta ki bhaavaarthadeepika hai.

parichay

yeh bhaashya athva teeka jnyaaaneshvar ji ki svatantr buddhi ki den hai. mool geeta ki adhyaayasangati aur shlokasangati ke vishay mein bhi kavi ki svayanprajnyaa anek sthalon par prakat hui hai. praarambhik adhyaayon ki teeka sankshipt hai parantu kramash: jnyaaaneshvar ji ki pratibha prasfutit hoti gayi hai. gurubhakti, shrotaaon ki praarthana, maraathi bhaasha ka abhimaan, geeta ka stavan, shreekrushn aur arjun ka akrutrim sneh ityaadi vishyon ne jnyaaaneshvar ko vishesh roop se mugdh kar liya hai. inka vivechan karte samay jnyaaaneshvar ki vaani vastut: akshar saahitya ke alankaaron se mandit ho gayi hai. yeh satya hai ki aaj tak bhagavadgeeta par saadhikaar vaani se kai kaavyagranth likhe gaye. apne katipya gunon ke kaaran unke nirmaata apne-apne sthaanon par shreshth hi hain tathaapit dauo raao dao raanade ke samuchit shabdon mein yeh kehna hi hoga ki vidvatta, kavita aur saadhuta in teen drushtiyon se geeta ki sabhi teekaaon mein 'jnyaaaneshvari' ka sthaan sarvashreshth hai.

jnyaaaneshvar ne apni teeka shankaraachaarya ke geetaabhaashya ke aadhaar par likhi hai. jnyaaanadev ke swayam naath sanpradaaya mein Dixit haane ke kaaran unke is granth mein ukt sanpradaaya ke yatr-tatr sanket milte hain. geeta-bhaashya mein varnit gyaan evam bhakti ke samanvaya ke saath naath sanpradaaya ke yog, svaanubhav ityaadi baaton ka jnyaaanadev ke vivechan mein samaavesh hua hai. inhonne in mool siddhaanton ko Bhagwat sanpradaaya ki sudrudh peethika par pratishthit kiya hai. jnyaaaneshvari bhakti-ras-pradhaan granth hai. ishvar-praapti ka ekamev saadhan bhakti hi hai, yeh iska mahaasiddhaant hai. jnyaaanadev ki bhakti, poojan archana, vrat tatha niymaadi se baahya svaroop ki naheen apitu naamasmaranadi saadhanonvaali antarasvaroop ki thi. naathapanth ka yogamaarg jan saadhaaran ke liye sahaj saadhya na hone ke kaaran jnyaaaneshvar ne use bhakti ka adhishthaan dekar ishvarabhakti roopi netron se yukt kar diya.

bhaarateeya darshan ki vichaaraparanpara se jnyaaanadev dvaara pratipaadit sfoortivaad ko mahatva ka sthaan dena hoga. jnyaaaneshvari mein sfuranaroop se athva beejaroop se vyakt honevaala sfoortivaad jnyaaaneshvar dvaara unke amrutaanubhav naamak ek chhote granth mein vishd roop se pratipaadit hai. is granth ke saatavein adhyaaya mein jnyaaanadev ne 'vishv ka hi naam chidvilaas hai' yeh siddhaant tark shuddh paddhati se pratipaadit kiya hai.

jnyaaaneshvari ke alankaarapaksh ka avlokan karne par kavi ke pratibhaasanpann hrudaya ke darshan hote hain. aisa prateet hota hai, maano ve upama aur roopak ke maadhyam se hi bol rahe hon. unki is rachana mein maalopama aur saangaroopak muktahast se bikhere gaye hain. visheshata yeh hai ki ye saari upamaaeain aur roopak geetaateeka se taadaatmya pa gaye hain. maayaanadi, gurupooja, purush, prakruti, chitsoorya aadi unke maraathi saahitya mein hi naheen apitu vishvavaaङamaya mein alaukik maane ja sakte hain. ye hi ve roopak hain jinmein kaavya aur darshan ki dhaaraaeain ghul mil gayi hain.

anukramanika

adhyaaya 1 arjunavishaadayog

adhyaaya 2 saakhyanyog

adhyaaya 3 karmayog

adhyaaya 4 jnyaaanakarmasannyaasayog

adhyaaya 5 karmasannyaasayog

adhyaaya 6 dhyaanayog

adhyaaya 7 jnyaaanavijnyaaanayog

adhyaaya 8 aksharabramhayog

adhyaaya 9 raajavidyaaraajagruhyayog

adhyaaya 10 vibhutiyog

adhyaaya 11 vishvarupadarshanayog

adhyaaya 12 bhaktiyog

adhyaaya 13 kshetrakshetrajnyaavibhaagayog

adhyaaya 14 gunatrayavibhaagayog

adhyaaya 15 purushottamayog

adhyaaya 16 devaasurasanpadavibhaagayog

adhyaaya 17 shradhdaatrayavibhaagayog

adhyaaya 18 mokshasannyaasayog

baahari kadiyaaain