jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar

puraskaar-prateek: vaagdevi ki kaansya pratima

jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth nyaas dvaara bhaarateeya saahitya ke liye diya jaane wala sarvochch puraskaar hai.[1] Bhaarat ka koi bhi naagrik jo aathaveen anusoochi mein bataai gayi 22 bhaashaaon mein se kisi bhaasha mein likhta ho is puraskaar ke yogya hai. puraskaar mein gyaarah lakh rupaye ki dhanaraashi, prashastiptr aur vaagdevi ki kaansya pratima di jaati hai. 1965 mein 1 lakh rupaye ki puraskaar raashi se praarambh hue is puraskaar ko 2005 mein 7 lakh rupae kar diya gaya jo vartamaan mein gyaarah lakh rupaye ho chuka hai. 2005 ke liye chune gaye hindi saahityakaar kunvar Narayan pehle vyakti the jinhein 7 lakh rupae ka jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar praapt hua.[2] pratham jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar 1965 mein malayalam lekhak ji shankar kurup ko pradaan kiya gaya tha. us samay puraskaar ki dhanaraashi 1 lakh rupae thi. 1982 tak yeh puraskaar lekhak ki ekal kruti ke liye diya jaata tha. lekin iske baad se yeh lekhak ke bhaarateeya saahitya mein sampoorn yogadaan ke liye diya jaane laga. ab tak hindi tatha kannad bhaasha ke lekhak sabse adhik saat baar yeh puraskaar pa chuke hain. yeh puraskaar baangla ko 5 baar, malayalam ko 4 baar, udiya, urdoo aur gujaraati ko teen-teen baar, asamiya, maraathi, telugu, punjabi aur tamil ko do-do baar mil chuka hai.[3]

anukram

puraskaar ka janm

22 May 1961 ko bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth ke sansthaapak shri saahoo shaanti prasaad jain ke pachaasavein janm diwas ke avsar par unke parivaar ke sadasyon ke man mein yeh vichaar aaya ki saahityik ya saanskrutik kshetr mein koi aisa mahatvapoorn kaarya kiya jaae jo raashtreeya gaurav tatha antarraashtreeya pratimaan ke anuroop ho. isi vichaar ke antargat 16 September 1961 ko bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth ki sansthaapak adhyaksh shreemati rama jain ne nyaas ki ek goshthi mein is puraskaar ka prastaav rakha. 2 April 1962 ko Delhi mein bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth aur times of India ke sanyukt tattvaavadhaan mein desh ki sabhi bhaashaaon ke 300 moordhanya vidvaanon ne ek goshthi mein is vishay par vichaar kiya. is goshthi ke do satron ki adhyakshata Dr vi raaghavan aur shri bhagavati charan varma ne ki aur iska sanchaalan dau॰dharmaveer bhaarati ne kiya. is goshthi mein kaaka kaalelakar, harekrushn mehataab, niseem ijekil, dau॰ suneeti Kumar chaitarji, dau॰ mulkaraaj aanand, sureindr mohanti, devesh das, siyaaraamasharan gupt, raamadhaari Singh dinkar, udayashankar bhatt, jagadeeshachandr maathur, dau॰ nagendr, dau॰ bi.aar.Bendre, jaineindr Kumar, manmathanaath gupt, lakshmeechandr jain aadi prakhyaat vidvaanon ne bhaag liya. is puraskaar ke svaroop ka nirdhaaran karne ke liye goshthiyaaain hoti raheen aur 1965 mein pehle jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar ka nirnaya liya gaya.[4]

varsh naam kruti bhaasha
1965 ji shankar kurup otakkushl (vanshi) malayalam
1966 taaraashankar bandhopaadhyaaya ganadevata baangla
1967 ke.vi. puttapa shri raamaayan darshanam kannad
1967 umaashankar Joshi nishita gujaraati
1968 sumitraanandan pant chidanbara hindi
1969 firaak gorakhapuri gul-A-nagama urdoo
1970 vishvanaath satyanaaraayan raamaayan kalpavarikshamu telugu
1971 vishnu de smruti shatto bhavishyat baangla
1972 raamadhaari Singh dinkar urvashi hindi
1973 dattaatreya raamachandr bendre nakutanti kannad
1973 gopeenaath mahaanti maateemataal udiya
1974 vishnu sakhaaraam Khandekar yayaati maraathi
1975 pi.vi. akilaanandam chitrapavai tamil
1976 aashaapoorna devi pratham pratishruti baangla
1977 ke. shivraam kaarant mukkajiya kanasugaalu kannad
1978 ajnyaeya kitni naavon mein kitni baar hindi
1979 birendr Kumar Bhattacharya mrutyanjaya asamiya
1980 S.ke. pottaakat oru desaattinte katha malayalam
1981 amruta preetam kaagaj te kainavaas punjabi
1982 mahaadevi varma yaama hindi
1983 masti veinkatesh ayangaar kannad
1984 takaaji shivshankara pillai malayalam
1985 pannaalaal Patel gujaraati
1986 sachchidaanand raautaraaya odiya
1987 vishnu vaaman shirvaadakar kusumaagraj maraathi
1988 dau॰aasi Narayan Reddy telugu
1989 kurtulaen haidar urdoo
1990 vi.ke.gokak kannad
1991 subhaash mukhopaadhyaaya baangla
1992 naresh Mehta hindi
1993 seetaakaant mahaapaatr odiya
1994 you.aar. anantamoorti kannad
1995 M.ti. vaasudev Nair malayalam
1996 mahaashveta devi baangla
1997 Ali sardaar Jaffrey urdoo
1998 Girish karnaad kannad
1999 nirmal varma hindi
1999 guradayaal Singh punjabi
2000 indira Goswami asamiya
2001 Rajendra keshavalaal shaah gujaraati
2002 dandapaani jayakaantan tamil
2003 vinda karandeekar maraathi
2004 Rahman raahi[5] Kashmiri
2005 kuainvar Narayan hindi
2006 raveendr Kelkar konkani
2006 satyavrat shaastri sanskrut
2007 O.N.vi. kurup malayalam
2008 akhalaak muhammad Khan shaharayaar urdoo
2009 amarakaant va shreelaal shukl ko sanyukt roop se diya gaya. hindi
2010 chandrashekhar kambaar kannad
2011 pratibha rai odiya
2012 raavuri Bhardwaj telugu
2013 kedaaranaath Singh hindi
2014 bhaalachandr nemaade[6] maraathi

chayan prakriya

jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar vijetaaon ki soochi prushth ke daahini or dekhi ja sakti hai. is puraskaar ke chayan ki prakriya jatil hai aur kai maheenon tak chalti hai.[7] prakriya ka aarambh vibhinn bhaashaaon ke saahityakaaron, adhyaapakon, samaalochakon, prabuddh paathakon, vishvavidyaalayon, saahityik tatha bhaashaayi sansthaaon se prastaav bhejane ke saath hota hai. jis bhaasha ke saahityakaar ko ek baar puraskaar mil jaata hai us par agale teen varsh tak vichaar naheen kiya jaata hai. har bhaasha ki ek aisi paraamarsh samiti hai jismein teen vikhyaat saahitya-samaalochak aur vidvaan sadasya hote hain. in samitiyon ka gathan teen-teen varsh ke liye hota hai. praapt prastaav sambandhit 'bhaasha paraamarsh samiti' dvaara jaaainche jaate hain. bhaasha samitiyon par yeh pratibandh naheen hai ki ve apna vichaar vimrsh praapt prastaavon tak hi seemit rakhein. unhein kisi bhi lekhak par vichaar karne ki svatantrata hai. bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth, paraamarsh samiti se yeh apeksha rakhati hai ki sambaddh bhaasha ka koi bhi puraskaar yogya saahityakaar vichaar paridhi se baahar na rah jaae. kisi saahityakaar par vichaar karte samay bhaasha-samiti ko uske sampoorn krutitv ka moolyaankan to karna hi hota hai, saath hi, samasaamayik bhaarateeya saahitya ki prushthabhoomi mein bhi usako parakhana hota hai. atthaaisavein puraskaar ke niyam mein kiye gaye sanshodhan ke anusaar, puraskaar varsh ko chhodkar pichhle bees varsh ki avadhi mein prakaashit krutiyon ke aadhaar par lekhak ka moolyaankan kiya jaata hai.

bhaasha paraamarsh samitiyon ki anushansaaeain pravar parishad ke samaksh prastut ki jaati hain. pravar parishad mein kam se kam saat aur adhik se adhik gyaarah aise sadasya hote hain, jinki khyaati aur vishvasaneeyata uchchakoti ki hoti hai. pehli pravar parishad ka gathan bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth ke nyaas-mandal dvaara kiya gaya tha. iske baad in sadasyon ki niyukti parishad ki sanstuti par hoti hai. pratyek sadasya ka kaaryakaal 3 varsh ko hota hai par usako do baar aur badhaaya ja sakta hai. pravar parishad bhaasha paraamarsh samitiyon ki sanstutiyon ka tulanaatmak moolyaankan karti hai. pravar parishad ke gahan chintan aur paryaalochan ke baad hi puraskaar ke liye kisi saahityakaar ka antim chayan hota hai. bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth ke nyaas mandal ka ismein koi hastakshep naheen hota.[8]

pravar parishad ke sadasya

vartamaan pravar parishad ke adhyaksh dau॰ lakshmeemal singhavi hain jo ek suparichit vidhivetta, raajanayik, chintak aur lekhak hain. isse poorv kaaka kaalelakar, dau॰aasanpoornaanand, dau॰aabi gopaal Reddy, dau॰aakarn Singh, dau॰aapi.vi.narasinh Rao, aachaarya hajaari prasaad Dwivedi, dau॰aaaar.ke.daasagupta, dau॰aavinaayak Krishna gokaak, dau॰ umaashankar Joshi, dau॰aamasood husain, pro॰aaem.vi.raajyaadhyaksh, dau॰aaaadityanaath jha, shri jagadeeshachandr maathur sadrush vidvaan aur saahityakaar is parishad ke adhyaksh ya sadasya rah chuke hain.[9]

vaagdevi ki kaansya pratima

jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar mein prateek svaroop di jaane waali vaagdevi ka kaansya pratima moolat: dhaar, maalava ke sarasvati mandir mein sthit pratima ki anukruti hai. is mandir ki sthaapana vidyaavyasani raaja bhoj ne 1035 isvi mein ki thi. ab yeh pratima british myoojiym London mein hai. bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth ne saahitya puraskaar ke prateek ke roop mein isko grahan karte samay shirobhaag ke paarshv mein prabhaamandal sammilit kiya hai. is prabhaamandal mein teen rashmipunj hain jo Bhaarat ke praacheenatam jain toran dwaar (kankaali teela, Mathura) ke ratnatraya ko niroopit karte hain. haath mein kamandalu, pustak, kamal aur akshamaala gyaan tatha aadhyaatmik antardrushti ke prateek hain.[10]

sandarbh

  1. "jnyaaanapeeth award" (angreji mein) (echateeemael). chennai network. http://www.chennainetwork.com/india/jnanpithaward.html. abhigman tithi: 2007.
  2. http://hindi.webdunia.com/miscellaneous/literature/articles/0811/24/1081124028_1.htm
  3. "bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth avaards" (angreji mein) (echateeemael). bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth. http://jnanpith.net/awards/index.html. abhigman tithi: 2007.
  4. jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar. nai Delhi, Bhaarat: bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth. 2005. pa॰ 11-12-13. 263-1140-1.
  5. http://jnanpith.net/images/40thJnanpith_Declared.pdf 40th Jnanpith Award to Eminent Kashmiri Poet Shri Rahman Rahi
  6. http://jnanpith.net/page/jnanpith-laureates
  7. "jnyaaanapeeth award the Nobel praaij of India" (angreji mein) (eesapi). konkani varlad. http://www.konkaniworld.com/literature/index.asp?id=14. abhigman tithi: 2007.
  8. jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar. nai Delhi, Bhaarat: bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth. 2005. pa॰ 13-14. 263-1140-1.
  9. jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar. nai Delhi, Bhaarat: bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth. 2005. pa॰ 14. 263-1140-1.
  10. jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar. nai Delhi, Bhaarat: bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth. 2002. pa॰ 10. 263-1140-1.

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