jiraaf

jiraaf
जिराफ़
jiraaf
sanrakshan sthiti
Status iucn3.1 LC.svg
khatre se baahar (IUCN3.1) [1]
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: jantu
sangh: rajjuki
varg: stanapaayi
gan: dvikhureeyagan
kul: jiraafidi
prajaati: jiraafa
jaati: ji. kaimalopaaradailis
dvipd naam
jiraafa kaimalopaaradailis
(leenias, 1758)
पाये  जाने वाले क्षेत्र
paaye jaane vaale kshetr

jiraaf (jiraafa kaimelopaardelis) afreeka ke jangalon me paaya jaane wala ek shaakaahaari pashu hai. yeh sabhi thaleeya pashuon me sabse ooaincha hota hai tatha jugaali karne wala sabse bada jeev hai. iska vaigyaanik naam ooaint jaise muainh tatha teindue jaisi tvacha ke kaaran pada hai.

anukram

vivran

jiraaf apni lambi gardan tatha taangein aur apne vishisht seengon ke liye bhi jaana jaata hai. yeh ausatan 5-6 mi. ooaincha hota hai tatha nar ka ausatan vajn 1,200 ki. aur maada ka 830 ki. hota hai. jiraaf apne pairon ki hadidayon mein yaantrik tanaav ke chalte hi apne shareer ka kareeb ek hajaar kilo bhaar utha paata hai.[2] yeh jiraafide parivaar ka hai tatha iska sabse najdeeki rishtedaar isi kul ka afreeka mein paaya jaane wala okaapi naamak praani hai. iski nau prajaatiyaaain hain jo ki aakaar, rang, tvacha ke dhabbon tatha paaye jaane vaale kshetron mein ek doosare se bhinn hain.

aavaas evam vyavahaar

jiraaf afreeka mein uttar mein chaid se dakshin mein dakshin afreeka tatha pashchim mein naaijar se poorv mein somaaliya tak paaya jaata hai. amooman jiraaf khule maidaanon tatha chhitre jangalon mein paaye jaate hain. jiraaf un sthaanon mein rahana pasand karte hain jahaaain prachur maatra mein babool ya keekar ke ped hon kyonki inki pattiyaaain jiraaf ka pramukh aahaar hai. apni lambi gardan ke kaaran inhein ooainche pedon se pattiyaaain khaane mein koi pareshaani naheen hoti hai. vayask parabhakshiyon ka kam hi shikaar hote hain lekin inke shaavakon ka shikaar sher, teindue, lakadbagghe tatha jangali kutte karte hain. aam taur par jiraaf kuchh samay ke liye ekatrit hote hain tatha kuchh ghanton ke pashchaat apni-apni raah chal dete hain. nar apna dabadaba banaane ke liye ek doosare se apni gardanein ladaate hain.

shabd ki vyutpatti

jiraaf shabd ki vyutpatti arabi bhaasha ke (اaaلaaزaaرaaاaaفaaة) al-jiraafa se huyi hai. yeh naam arabi bhaasha mein shaayad kisi afreeki bhaasha ke naam se pahuaincha hai. san 1590 ke lagbhag arabi bhaasha ke jriye jiraafa shabd itaalavi bhaasha mein pravisht hua.

up-jaatiyaaain

visheshagyon ne aakaar, rang, dhabbon tatha paaye jaane vaale kshetron ke aadhaar par jiraaf ki nau up-jaatiyaaain nirdhaarit ki hain. yeh is prakaar hain-

  • noobiaai jiraaf
  • somaali jiraaf
  • angolaai ya nameebiaai jiraaf
  • koradofn jiraaf
  • masaai ya kilimnajaaro jiraaf
  • rauthachaaild, bairingo ya ugaandaai jiraaf
  • dakshin afreekaai jiraaf
  • thauranikrauft ya rodeshiaai jiraaf
  • pashchim afreekaai jiraaf

sandarbh

  1. Fennessy, J.; Brown, D. (2008). Giraffa camelopardalis. 2008 sankatagrast prajaatiyon ki IUCN laal soochi. IUCN 2008. Retrieved on 2009-03-13.
  2. "aakhir patale pairon par apna bhaari-bharakam vajan kaise uthaata hai jiraaf?". Patrika Group. 6 July 2014. http://www.patrika.com/article/how-giraffes-carry-their-heavy-weight-on-slim-legs/47457. abhigman tithi: 8 July 2014.