jim kaurbet raashtreeya udyaan

yeh Bhaarat ka ek pramukh raashtreeya udyaan hain. yeh gauravashaali pashu vihaar hai. yeh raamaganga ki paataleedoon ghaati mein 1318.54 varg kilometer mein basa hua hai jiske antargat 821.99 varg kilometer ka jim kaurbet vyaaghr sanrakshit kshetr bhi aata hai. kumaaooain ke naineetaal janapad mein yeh park vistaar liye hue hai.

anukram

sthiti

Delhi se muraadaabaad - kaasheepur - raamanagar hote hue kaarbet national park ki doori 290 ki॰mee॰ hai. kaarbet national park mein paryatakon ke bhraman ka samay November se May tak hota hai. is mausam mein ki traival ejensiyaaain kaarbet national park mein sailaaniyon ko ghumaane ka prabandh karti hain. kumaaooain vikaas nigam bhi prati shukravaar ke Delhi se kaarbet national park tak paryatakon ko le jaane ke liye sanchaalit bhramanon (kandak ted toors) ka aayojan karta hai. kumaaooain vikaas nigam ki bason mein anubhavi guide hote hain jo pashuon ki jaankaari, unki aadaton ko bataate hue baatein karte rahate hain.

pashu

yahaaain par sher, haathi, bhaaloo, baagh, suar, hirn, cheetal, saaainbhar, paanda, kaakad, neelagaaya, ghural aur cheeta aadi 'vanya praani' adhik sankhya mein milte hain. isi tarah is van mein ajagar tatha kai prakaar ke saaainp bhi nivaas karte hain. jahaaain is vanya pasu vihaar mein anek prakaar ke bhayaanak jantu paaye jaate hain, vahaaain is park mein 600 se lagbhag rang - birange pakshiyon ki jaatiyaaain bhi dikhaai deti hain. yeh desh ek aisa abhayaaran hai jismein vanya jantuon ki anek jaatiyaaain - prajaatiyon ke saath pakshiyon ka bhi aadhikya rahata hai. aaj vishv ka aisa koi kona naheen hai, jahaaain ke paryatak is park ko dekhne naheen aate hon.

park :

angrej vanya jantuon ki raksha karne ke bhi shaukeen the. san 1935 mein raamaganga ke is anchal ko vanya pashuon ke rakshaarth surakshit kiya gaya. us samay ke Governor maalakam heli ke naam par is park ka naam 'heli national park' rakha gaya. svatantrata milne ke baad is park ka naam 'raamaganga national park' rakh diya gaya. svatantrata ke baad vishv mein jim kaarbet naam ek prasiddh shikaari ke rup mein fail gaya tha. jim kaarbet jahaaain achook nishaanebaaj the vahaaain vanya pashuon ke priya saathi bhi the. kumaaooain ke kai aadamakhor sheron ko unhonne maarkar saikadon logon ki jaanein bachaayi thi. hajaaron ko bhaya se mukt karavaaya tha. gadhvaal mein bhi ek aadamakhor sher ne kai logon ki jaanein le li thi. us aadamakhor ko bhi jim kaarbet ne hi maara tha. vah aadamakhor gadhvaal ke rudr prayaag ke aas-paas kai logon ko maar chuka tha. jim kaarbet ne 'the main itar aaaif rudr prayaag' naam ki pustakein likheen.

Bhaarat sarkaar ne jab jim kaarbet ki lokapriyta ko samjha aur yeh anubhav kiya ki unka kaaryakshetr bi yahi anchal tha to san 1957 mein is park ka naam 'jim kaarbet national park' rakh diya gaya aur jim kaarbet national park jaane vaale paryatak isi maarg se jaate hain. naineetaal se aanevaale paryatak is sangrahaalaya ko dekhkar hi aage badhte hain.


jim kaarbet :

jim kaarbet ka poora naam James Edward kaarbet tha. inka janm 25 July 1875 E. mein hua tha. jim kaarbet bachapan se hi bahut mehanati aur needar vyakti the. unhonne kai kaam kiye. inhonne draaivari, station maastari tatha sena mein bhi kaam kiya aur anet mein traansaport adhikaari tak bane parantu unhein vanya pashuon ka prem apni or aakarshit karta raha. jab bhi unhein samay milta, ve kumaaooain ke vanon mein ghoomane nikal jaate the. vanya pashuon ko bahut pyaar karte. jo vanya jantu manushya ka dushman ho jaata - use ve maar dete the.

jim kaarbet ke pita 'Matthew end sans' naamak bhavan banaane waali company mein hissedaara the. garmiyon mein jim kaarbet ka parivaar ayaayarapaata sthit 'gurni haaoos' mein rahata tha. ve us makaan mein 1945 tak rahe. thandiyon mein kaarbet parivaar kaaladhooaingi vaale apne makaan mein aa jaate the. 1947 mein jim kaarbet apni bahan ke saath keniya chale gaye the. ve vaheen bas gaye the. keniya mein hi assi varsh ki avastha mein unka dehaant ho gaya.

aaj ka jim kaarbet park :

aaj yeh park itna samruddh hai ki iske atithi-gruh mein 200 atithiyon ko ek saath thaharaane ki vyavastha hai. yahaaain aaj sundar atithi gruh, kebin aur tent upalabdh hai. khaane ka uttam prabandh bhi hai. dhikaal mein har prakaar ki suvidha hai to mukhya gate ke atithi-gruh mein bhi paryaapt vyavastha hai.

raamanagar ke railway station se 12 ki॰mee॰ ki doori par 'kaarbet national park' ka gate hai. raamanagar railway station se chhoti gaadiyon, taiksiyon aur bason se park tak pahuaincha ja sakta hai.

bas sevaaeain bhi upalabdh hain. Delhi se dhikaala tak bas aa-ja sakti hai. yahaaain pahuainchane ke liye raamanagar kaalaagadh maargon ka bhi prayog kiya ja sakta hai. Delhi se dhikaala 297 ki॰mee॰ hai. Delhi se Ghaziabad-haapud-muradaabaad-kaasheepur-raamanagar hote hue dhikaala tak ka maarg hai. motor ki sadak atyant sundar hai.

baahari kadiyaaain