jibraaltar ki raajaneeti

jibraaltar ka raashtreeya-chinh

jibraaltar auberiyn praayadveep aur Europe ke dakshini chhor par bhoomadhya saagar ke pravesh dwaar par sthit ek svashaasi british pravaasi shaasit pradesh hai. 6.843 varg kilometer (2.642 varg meal) mein faile is desh ki seema uttar mein Spain se milti hai. jibraaltar aitihaasik roop se Britain ke sashastr balon ke liye ek mahatvapoorn aadhaar raha hai aur shaahi nausena ka ek aadhaar hai.[1]

jibraaltar ki raajaneeti ek sansadeeya pratinidhi lokataantrik british pravaasi kshetr ki rooparekha ke antargat aati hai. United Kingdom ke samraat, jinka jibraaltar ke raajyapaal dvaara pratinidhitv kiya jaata hai, raajya ke samvaidhaanik pramukh hain. jibraaltar ke mukhyamantri sarkaar ke pramukh hain. ek british pravaasi kshetr ke roop mein jibraaltar ki sarkaar United Kingdom ki sarkaar ke adheenasth naheen hai. haalaanki yoonaaited Kingdom sarkaar jibraaltar ke raksha aur videsh vibhaag ke liye jimmedaar hai lekin sthaaneeya sarkaar 2006 ke samvidhaan ke tahat poorn aantarik svashaasan ki pratinidhitv hai. jibraaltar ka Europeeya sangh mein pratinidhitv hai aur yeh keval ekamaatr aisa british videshi shaasit pradesh tha parigrahan ki british sandhi (1973) ke tahat Europeeya aarthik samudaaya mein sadasyata praapt curry thi.[2][3]

jibraaltar mein vibhinn vichaaradhaaraaon ka paalan karne vaale raajeeneetik dal hain jo sthaaneeya muddon ko sambodhit karne ke liye bane hain. varsh 2006 mein jibraaltar ke nae savidhaan ki prastaavana mein duharaaya gaya hai ki mahaaraani ki sarkaar kabhi bhi kisi bhi aisi vyavastha ko maanyata naheen degi jismein jibraaltar ke log unki mukt aur lokataantrik tareeke se vyakt ichhaaon ke viruddh kisi anya desh ki samprabhuta ke antargat saup diye jaaeain. yeh vaakya 1969 mein bane jibraaltar ke savidhaan se liya gaya hai.[4]

anukram

kaaryakaari shaakha

chooainki jibraaltar ek british pravaasi shaasit pradesh hai, iski raajyaadhyaksh elijaabeth dviteeya hain jinka jibraaltar mein raajyapaal dvaara pratinidhitv kiya jaata hai. United Kingdom ke paas jibraaltar ki suraksha, uske antarraashtreeya sambandh, aantarik suraksha aur vitteeya sthirta ki jimmedaari hai.

nivartamaan raajyaadhyaksh elijaabeth dviteeya hain. jibraaltar ke raajyapaal sar edriyn jons hain. jibraaltar soshalist lebar party aur jibraaltar libral party ke gathabandhan ki 2011 ke aam chunaav mein hui jeet ke baad nirvaachit mukhyamantri bane febiyn pikaardo hain.

sarkaar

jibraaltar ki sarkaar chaar varsh ki avadhi ke liye chuni jaati hai. sarkaar ke adhyaksh jibraaltar ke mukhyamantri hote hain, jo nivartamaan samay mein jibraaltar soshalist lebar party ke febiyn pikaardo hain. inka kaaryakaal 9 December 2011 se shuroo hua tha, 2011 ke aam chunaav ke ek din ke pashchaat. 2011 jibraaltar aam chunaav 8 December ke din aayojit hue the.[5] chunaav ke andar jibraaltar soshalist lebar party aur jibraaltar libral party ka gathabandhan vijayi hua tha.[6] vipaksh ke neta jibraaltar social daimokraits ke sadasya aur poorv mukhyamantri Peter karuaana hain.

vidhaayika

John maikintaush skvayar par sthit jibraaltar sansad

jibraaltar sansad (jise pehle house of assembly ke naam se jaana jaata tha) mein satrah nirvaachit sadasya aur ek speaker hota hai. varsh 1969 se jibraaltar mein bahulata mein bade matadaan ki pranaali ko apanaata hai jiske anrtagat har matadaata ko das ummeedvaaron ke liye matadaan karta hota hai. aisa aavashyak naheen hai ki ye das ek hi dal ke hon parantu samaanyat: ye ek hi dal ke hote hain. jitne vaale ummeedavaar saadhaaran bahulata ke anusaar chune jaate hain; parinaamasvaroop vo dal jo sarkaar banaana chaahata hai apne das ummeedavaar chunaav mein utaarata hai aur sarkaar usi dal ya gathabandhan ki banti hai jiske sabhi das ummeedavaar jeet jaate hain. baaki bachi seat 'sarvashreshth' haare hue dal ya gathabandhan ko jaati hain jo sansad mein vipaksh ka kaarya karta hai. antim chunaav 8 December 2011 mein aayojit hue the.

raajaneetik dal aur chunaav

jibraaltar ki sansad mein kul teen raajaneetik dalon ke saansad hain: jibraaltar social daimokraits, jibraaltar soshalist lebar party aur jibraaltar libral party. jibraaltar ke anya sakriya dal hain: new jibraaltar demokresi aur progressive daimokretik party.[7]

kai raajaneetik dal jinhonne 2011 ke chunaav mein hissa naheen liya tha aur kaafi samay se asakriya hain: jibraaltar lebar party, jibraaltar riform party, daimokretik party of british jibraaltar, jibraaltar daimokretik movement, inteegreshan vid Britain party, Commonwealth party, party for the otonomi of jibraaltar aur association for the edavaansameint of sisil raaits.[7]

sandarbh

  1. "Gibraltar". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gi.html. abhigman tithi: 26 December 2012.
  2. Oliva, Francis (13 December 2011). "Picardo announces new Govt ministerial portfolios". jibraaltar kraunikl. http://www.chronicle.gi/headlines_details.php?id=23465. abhigman tithi: 26 December 2012.
  3. "Explanatory Notes to European Parliament (Representation) Act 2003". The Office of Public Sector Information. 13 May 2003. Archived from the original on 13 fravari 2010. http://www.webcitation.org/5nV449KnM. abhigman tithi: 26 December 2012.
  4. "jibraaltar ka savidhaan" (angreji mein) (peedeeऍf). jibraaltar sarkaar. http://www.gbc.gi/upload/pdf/Gib%201969%20Constitution.pdf. abhigman tithi: 26 December 2012.
  5. "Gibraltar general election on 8 December". panorama. http://www.panorama.gi/localnews/headlines.php?action=view_article&article=8091&offset=0. abhigman tithi: 26 December 2011.
  6. Oliva, Francis (9 December 2011). "Picardo Edges into Office with 2% Win". jibraaltar kraunikl. http://www.chronicle.gi/headlines_details.php?id=23443. abhigman tithi: 26 December 2011.
  7. a aa "2011 Elections – Poll and Result" (angreji mein) (peedeeऍf). jibraaltar ki sarkaar. http://www.gibraltar.gov.gi/images/stories/PDF/pressoffice/elections_2011/Elections_2011_The_Poll_And_Result.pdf. abhigman tithi: 26 December 2012.

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