jh

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jh ki dhvani suniye

jh devanaagari lipi ka ek varn hai. iska prayog hindi-urdoo (urdoo: ژ) mein keval ginti ke hi shabdon mein hota hai, jaise ki "jhujh" (jo ek prakaar ki seh ya porkyupaain hoti hai) aur "ajhdaha" (jise angreji mein draigan ya dragon kehte hain). angreji mein iska prayog bahut saare shabdon mein hota hai, jaise ki "tailivijhn" (television), "traijhr" (treasure yaani khjaana), "vijhn" (vision yaani drushti ya nazar), "disijhn" (decision yaani faisala) aur "divijhn" (division yaani baaaintana ya kisi cheej ka bhaag karna). pratha ke anusaar "jh" ko kabhi-kabhi "za" likh diya jaata hai jaise ki television ko aksar "telivijn" likh diya jaata hai haalaanki yeh poora sahi naheen hai. antarraashtreeya dhvanyaatmak varnamaala mein iske uchchaaran ko ʒ ke chinh se likha jaata hai aur urdoo mein ise ژ likha jaata hai, jis akshar ka naam "jhe" hai.

anukram

ghosh taalavya-vartsya sangharshi

jh ko bhaashaavijnyaaan ke najriye se "ghosh taalavya-vartsya sangharshi" varn kaha jaata hai. angreji mein ise vaaesd palaito-ailviyolar friketiv (voiced palato-alveolar fricative) kehte hain.

poorvi punjabi aur pashchimi hindi mein sahasvaaniki

poorvi Punjab aur sudoor pashchimi hindi bolne vaale kshetron mein 'jh' aur 'ya' mein sahasvaaniki dekhi jaati hai, jahaaain bahut se log -

  • angreji shabd "measure" (maijhr yaani naapana) ko "maiyar" ya "maiyyar" bolte hain
  • hindi shabd "yaar" ko "jhaar" aur "ye (yeh)" ko "jhe" ki tarah uchchaarit karte hain

yeh samapoorak (kandeeshanal) sahasvaaniki hoti hai, jismein shabd ke shuroo mein aane vaale 'jh' aur 'ya' ko 'jh' hi bola jaata hai aur shabd ke beech mein aane vaale 'jh' aur 'ya' ko 'ya' hi bola jaata hai.

glat uchchaaran

'jh' ki dhvani ka uchchaaran kain log glati se 'j', 'za' ya 'jh' se milta-julata kar dete hain. is se kabhi-kabhi shabdon ka arth badal kar glat arth nikal aata hai. udaaharan ke liye agar angreji shabd "version" ko "varjhn" ki jagah "varjan" uchchaarit karein jo bahut se angreji maatrubhaashi is "virgin" samjheinge jiska arth "kuainvaari kanya" hai aur jo ab angreji mein ek sex se sambandhit samvedansheel shabd hai.

inhein bhi dekhiye