je॰ ke॰ roling

J. ke. roling

J. ke. roling (en:J. K. Rowling, Joanne Rowling jon roling, urf Joanne Kathleen Rowling jon kaithaleen roling) aaj ke jmaane ki sabse mashahoor lekhikaaon mein se ek hain. angreji mein likha unka upanyaas-kram Harry pautar ikkeesavi sadi ka shaayad sabse mashahoor upanyaas hai.

anukram

parichay

J. ke. roling ko chaudah saal ki umr tak kitaab padhna bahut pasand naheen tha jo school ke liye anivaarya tha, unhonne vah padha, lekin isse zyaada kuchh naheen. lekin jab unki saheli ne "jaadoogaron aur chudailon" ki kitaab unhein di to yeh buri haalat ekdam badal gayi. unhonne kitaab padhna shuroo kar diya. vah kitaab "Harry pautar" ka pehla khand tha. iske baad lagbhag har ek saal ek-ek "Harry pautar" ki kitaab prakaashit hui. us samay unhonne poora din apne kamre mein bitaaya aur bahut utsukata se unhone padha. shuroo mein kuchh likhkar-padhkar unhein badi safalta naheen mili, fir baad mein yeh haalat achaanak badli aur ve badi lekhika ban gayi.


jivn parichay

The house where J.K. Rowling lived-geograph-1954642

J. ke. roling ka asli naam joaan murraya hai, jiska istemaal ve niji jeevan mein karti hain. unka janm 31 July 1965 ko inglaind ke yet, glosestarashaayar naamak sthaan par hua tha. unke pita Peter James roling rauls-rauyas naamak ek mashahoor company mein vimaan engineer the. unki maaain N roling French tatha skautis maata-pita ki santaan thi.[1] kuchh samay baad hi yeh parivaar yet ke paas ke hi gaaainv vintarabaarn mein jaakar bas gaya. unki praarambhik shiksha seint Michael praraaimari school mein hui. 1982 mein roling ne Oxford vishvavidyaalaya ki pravesh-pariksha mein bhaag liya, lekin unhein Oxford mein pravesh naheen mil paaya aur majabooran French tatha praacheen saahitya ki padhaai ke liye unhein eksetar vishvavidyaalaya mein bi. A. mein pravesh lena pada[2] is college mein jaise-jaise unke nae mitr bante gaye, unhein apne college jeevan mein bhi aanand aane laga aur unka man padhaai mein bhi lagta chala gaya. apni padhaai ke silsile mein vein kuchh samay peris mein bhi rahi. 1986 mein unhein bi. A. deegri mil gayi aur uske baad vein London sthit emanesti international sanstha mein shodh sachiv ke roop mein kaam karne lagi. kuchh saal London mein kaam karne ke baad roling ne Manchester mein rahane ka faisala kiya. iske baad angreji bhaasha ke adhyaapan ke liye vein Portugal chali gayi.[3] yahaaain unki mulaakaat Portugal ke ek television patrakaar George araantes se hui. donon ki hi dilchaspi saahitya mein thi, dheere-dheere vein ek-doosare ke kareeb aate chale gaye aur 16 October 1992 ko donon ne vivaah kar liya. vivaah ke agale saal hi July mein unki putri Jessica ijaabel ka janm hua, lekin paarasparik vaichaarik matabhed ke kaaran yeh vivaah jyaada naheen chal paaya aur November, 1993 mein vein ek doosare se alag ho gaye. unke desh inglaind ki saamaajik suraksha itni majaboot hai ki berojgaari ke kaaran raajya se milne waali aarthik sahaayata ke bal par vein na keval apni beti ka paalan poshan theek se kar pai, balki duniya ke ek sarvaadhik lokapriya hone vaale upanyaas ka srujan bhi kar pai, jisne unki jeevan ki disha hi badal di. 2001 mein roling ne neel Michael moore naamak ek Doctor se doosra vivaah kar liya tha. 2005 mein unki sabse chhoti beti mekeinji ka janm hua. roling "Harry pautar " prakaashit hone se pehle gareeb theen. us samay ve bade utsaah se likha karti theen, unki kahaani mein rochak aur sajeev vyaktitvon ka sashakt varnan tha.[4]

Harry pautar ki shuruaat

Wax-Harry-Potter

"Harry pautar" ke 7 granthon ko padhkar achhi tarah dikhaai deta hai, ki kahaani ke pramukh paatron ka vyaktitv roling ke jeevan ke mahattvapoorn vyaktiyon par aadhaarit hain. roling hamesha lekhika raheen, lekin lekhon ko bechana shuroo mein asambhav lagta tha. 1990 mein ve "Harry pautar" likhne lageen. unhonne kaha, ki ek baar, relagaadi ke lambe safr mein Harry pautar ne janm liya. kuchh samay baad roling ki maata ji ki mrutyu hui, aise ki pehle use roling ne Harry pautar ke baare mein kuchh naheen bataaya tha.[5] roling apne dard ko chhipaane ke liye padhne aur likhne mein doob gayi. is samay atyant mehanati "hairmioni" ke chaaritr ka janm hua. 1990 ke dashak mein anek prakaashakon ne unke Harry pautar shrrunkhala ke pehle upanyaas ko chhaapane se inkaar kar diya tha. anek asveekrutiyon tatha niraashaaon ke baad aakhir unka pehla upanyaas "Harry pautar end the filosfars ston" 1997 mein prakaashit hua. is upanyaas ne duniya bhar mein dhum macha di. 1998 mein jab America mein is upanyaas ka doosra sanskaran "Harry pautar end sonrserars ston naam se prakaashit hua to paathak iski prati khareedne ke liye dukaanon par umad pade the.[6] is shrrunkhala mein roling ke ab tak saat upanyaas prakaashit ho chuke hai aur vein sabhi paathakon mein atyadhik lokapriya rahe hai. ab tak pautar upanyaas ke shrrunkhala ke sabhi upanyaason par filme ban chuki hai aur un sabhi ko duniya bhar mein asaadhaaran safalta mili hai. upanyaason tatha filmon ki safalta ne roling ko ek arabpati lekhika mein parivrtit kar diya hai.

Harry pautar ke baad

haalaaainki Harry pautar shrrunkhala khatm ho chuki hai par roling abhi anya lekhan kaaryo mein kaam kar rahi hai.'the tels of beedal the baard'- paanch kalpit kathaao ka sangrah jiska ullekh Harry pautar mein kiya gaya tha, usaka sarv pratham pradarshan edinburg mein Scotland ke raajakeeya pustakaalaya mein 200 school vidyaarthiyo ke samaksh hua[7]. roling ne pustak ki saari kamaai 'children haai leval group' sanstha ko de di jiski vo sah sansthaapak thi. 2013 mein roling ne aparaadh pari kalpana ki rachana shaili mein likhne ka prayaas kiya parantu vo apne mein hi bahut rahasya poorn thi. usi varsh roling ne 'vaarnar bros' ke saath ek nayi film nikaalne ki ghoshana ki jo Harry pautar se prabhaavit to hogi parantu usaka bhaag naheen. unhonne apni web site pe ghoshit kiya ki ve Harry pautar ka vishv kosh likheingi jis ki saari kamaai sansthaao ko jaaeaingi.

safalta

J. K. Rowling at the White House 2010-04-05 8

J.ke.roling prasiddh Harry pautar upanyaason ke liye jaani jaati hai. san 2004 mein Forbes patrika ne J.ke.roling ka naam duniya mein pustake likhne se arab pati bane pehle lekhak ke roop mein, vishv ki doosari sabse ameer manoranjak ke roop mein ghoshit kiya. roling ne is ganana ko vivaadit thaharaate hue kaha hai ki, unke paas sampatti to bahut hai parantu vo ek arab pati naheen hai[8]. iske saath hi 2008 ke sande times mein Britain ke sabse dhani logo ki soochi mein roling ka naam 144 sthaan par tha. 2012 mein Forbes patrika ne roling ko sabse ameer logo ki soochi se hata diya yeh daava karke ki 160 lakh dollar dharmaarth mein dene aur Britain ke adhik kar dar ke kaaran ab ve arab pati naheen raheen[9]. February 2013 mein BBC radio 4 par 'woman's aar' ke dvaara J.ke.roling ka aakal na sanyuktaraaj ki terahavi sabse prabhaavashaali mahila ke roop mein kiya gaya. roling ab Britain ki teharavi sabse sampann mahila hai, Britain ki mahaaraani se bhi adhik sampann. ve aur pustake likhne ka vichaar to naheen kar rahi hai parantu ve is sambhaavana ko poori tarah se khaarij bhi naheen karti hai. November 2001 mein 'Harry pautar end sorasere raston'ke kris kolanbas ke nirdeshan mein filmi anuvaad hua. film ke nikalne ke shurooaati saptaah mein hi usane 93.5 lakh dollar kama kar box office ka record tod diya. 'Harry pautar shrrunkhala'ki baaki kitaabo nebhi isi prakaar adhikaadhik kamaai ki.

lok kalyaan ki bhaavana

J. K. Rowling reading

2005 mein roling ne voleint dharmaarth sang ki sthaapana ki jo apne 1.5 lakh Euro ke vaarshik bajat ka prayog gareebi aur saamaajik asamaanata se ladne mein karta hai[10]. vo paisa un sangathano ko bhi jaata hai jo bachcho, ek abhivaavak parivaaro, vibhinn kaathinya ke mareejon ki sahaayata karte hai[11]. roling ne kaha tha ki jab hame zaroorat se jyaada milta hai to yeh hamaara naitik uttar daayitv hota hai ki ham samajhadaari aur buddhimta se usaka prayog kare. 2001 mein sanyukt raaj ke gareebi virodhi poonji sangrah samaaroh 'kaumik rileef' ne teen mashahoor lekhako ko apne prakaash na ke baarein mein lekh bhejane ko kaha jisme roling ka naam bhi tha. roling ki do kitaabe- 'faintaastik beests end wear too faain d dem' aur 'kuiddeetach throo the ejes' ki prati krutiyaan haugvaarts pustakaalaya mein maujood hai[12]. ek abhivaavak parivaaro ki raastreeya samiti ke liye poonji jama karne hetoo 2002 mein roling ne bloomasberi prakaashan ki kaalpanik kahaani 'maijik' mein yogadaan diya. January 2005 mein roling bachcho ke maanasik sansthaao mein bandi bistaron ke istemaal par prakaash daalne ke liye 'bucharist' gayi. apni sanstha 'children haai leval groop' ka samarthan karne ke liye unhonne 'the tels of beedal the baard' ki ek hast likhit kaapi neelaam ki, jo 'amejn' dvaara 1.95 lakh Euro mein khareedi gayi. jis par tipnni karte hue roling ne kaha ki - yeh un maasoom bachcho ke liye bahut maayane rakhata hai jin ko sahaayata ki sakht aavashyakta hai. July 2012 mein London ke samar olanpiks ke udghaatan samaaroh mein roling ne 'great armaand street children hauspitl' ko sammaan dene ke liye J.ऍm.beri ki pustak 'Peter pain' se kuchh panktiyaaain padhi. laard voldemaurt ke sanskaran aur baaki baal kirdaaro ke prati nidhitv se unka pathan sampoorn tha.

puraskaar aur sammaan

  1. 1997: nesle smarteees pustak puraskaar, gold award- Harry pautar aur paaras patthar.
  2. 1998: nesle smarteees pustak puraskaar, gold award- Harry pautar aur rahasya ke chamber.
  3. 1999: nesle smarteees pustak puraskaar, gold award- Harry pautar aur ajkaabaan ka kaidi.
  4. 2000: british pustak puraskaar, yeh saal ki lekhak.
  5. 2000: lokas puraskaar- Harry pautar aur ajkaabaan ka kaidi.
  6. 2001: hyoogo puraskaar sarvashreshth upanyaas ke liye- Harry pautar aur aag ka pyaala.
  7. 2006: british book of the iyar- Harry pautar aur aadha-khoon Rajkumar.
  8. 2007: blue Peter baij, gold
  9. 2012: freedom of the city of London

upanyaas

J. ke. roling ne mithk aur kalpana ki ek nayi aur anokhi duniya banaayi hai, jiska mukhya paatr Harry pautar hai. ye duniya jaadoo aur chamatkaar se bhari padi hai. Harry pautar khud ek (anaath) jaadoogar hai aur vo tantr-mantr aur jaadoo-tone ke vidyaalaya haugvaarts jaata hai. kahaani Harry ki ek aatankvaadi aur shaitaani jaadoogar voldemaurt se dushmani ke beech ghoomti rahati hai. is silsile mein kul saat upanyaas hain :

  1. Harry pautar aur paaras patthar
  2. Harry pautar aur rahasyamayi tahakhaana
  3. Harry pautar aur ajkabaan ka kaidi
  4. Harry pautar aur aag ka pyaala
  5. Harry pautar aur maayaapanchhi ka samooh
  6. Harry pautar aur haaf-blood prince
  7. Harry pautar aur maut ke tohafe

saaton upanyaason ke upar kul milaakar aath filmein bhi bani hain, jo superhit rahi hain aur unhonne oscar bhi jeete hain. saari saaton kitaabon ke hindi sanskaran upalabdh hain.


sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain