jayasamand

sthaan Udaipur District, Rajasthan
nirdeshaank 24°a16′aN 74°a00′aE / 24.267°aN 74°aE / 24.267; 74Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 24°a16′aN 74°a00′aE / 24.267°aN 74°aE / 24.267; 74
mukhya antarvaah Gomati River
mukhya bahirvaah Gomati River
apavahan droni desh India
adhiktam lambaai 9 meal (14 kimi)
satah kshetr 87 kimi2 (34 varg meal)
adhiktam gaharaai 102 fut (31 mi)
tat rekha1 30 meal (48 kimi)
dweep 3 Islands
1 tateeya rekha (tat ki lambaai) aaainkane ki koi ek maanak vidhi naheen hai

dhebar jheel ya jayasamand jheel pashchimottar Bhaarat ke dakshin-madhya Rajasthan raajya ke araavali parvatamaala ke dakshin-poorv mein sthit ek vishaal jalaashaya hai. yeh Rajasthan ke pramukh paryatan sthalon mein se ek hai. is jheel ko Asia ki sabse badi krutrim jheel hone ka gaurav praapt hai. yeh Udaipur jila mukhyaalaya se 51 ki॰mee॰ ki doori par dakshin-poorv ki or Udaipur-saloombar maarg par sthit hai. apne praakrutik parivesh aur baaaindh ki sthaapatya kala ki sundarata se yeh jheel varshon se paryatakon ke aakarshan ka mahattvapoorn sthal bani hui hai. yahaan ghoomane ka sabse upayukt samay monsoon ke samay hai. jheel ke saath vaale road par ken se bane hue ghar bada hi manoram drushya prastut karte hain. yeh jheel ka sabse sundar drushya hai.

iska nirmaan alavar ke mahaaraaj jaya Singh ne 1910 mein piknik ke liye karavaaya tha. unhonne is jheel ke beech mein ek taapoo ka nirmaan bhi karaaya tha.

anukram

itihaas

chitr:Jaisamand Lake.jpg
jayasamand jheel

Udaipur ke tatkaaleen mahaaraana jayasinh dvaara 1687 evam 1691 isavi ke madhya 14 hajaar 400 meter lanbaai evam 9 hajaar 500 meter chaudaai mein nirmit yeh krutrim jheel Asia ki sabse badi meethe paani ka svaroop maani jaati hai. do pahaadiyon ke beech mein dhebar darra ko krutrim jheel ka svaroop diya gaya aur mahaaraana jayasinh ke naam par ise 'jayasamand' kaha jaane laga. bataaya jaata hai ki kuchh varshon poorv is jheel mein nau nadiyon evam aadha darjan se bhi adhik naalon se jal aata tha, lekin ab maatr gomati nadi aur iski sahaayak nadiyon aur kuchh naalon se hi jal ka aagaman ho paata hai.

sthaapatya

sthaapatya kala ki drushti se bana baaaindh apne aap mein aakarshan ka pramukh kendra hai. jheel ki taraf ke baaaindh par kuchh-kuchh doori par bani chhah khoobsoorat chhatariyaaain paryatakon ka man moh leti hain. gumbadaakaar chhatariyaaain paani ki taraf utarate hue bani hain. in chhatariyon ke saamane neeche ki or teen-teen bediyaaain banaai gayi hain. sabse neeche ki bediyon par soond ko oopar kiye khadi mudra mein patthar ki kaareegari poorn kalaatmak madhyam kad ke chhah haathiyon ki pratima banaai gayi hai. yaheen par baaaindh ke sabse uainche vaale sthaan par mahaaraana jayasinh dvaara Bhagwan Shiv ko sarmapit 'narmadesh‍aavar mahaadev' ka kalaatmak mandir bhi banaaya gaya hai.

Asia ki sambhavat sabse badi krutrim jheel baaaindh ke uttari chhor par mahaaraana fatahasinh dvaara nirmit mahal hai, jinhein ab vishraamagruh mein tabdeel kar diya gaya hai. dakshini chhor par bane mahal "mahaaraaj Kumar ke mahal" kahe jaate the. dakshin chhor ki pahaadi par mahaaraana jayasinh dvaara banaae gaye mahal ka jeernoddhaar mahaaraana sajjanasinh ke samay karaaya gaya tha. unhonne is jheel ke peechhe 'jayanagar' ko basaakar kuchh imaaratein evam baavadi ka nirmaan karavaaya tha, jo aabaad naheen ho sake. aaj yahaaain nirmaan ke kuchh avashesh hi najar aate hain.

baandh ka nirmaan

aitihaasik dastaavejon ke anusaar yeh bhi bataaya jaata hai ki jheel mein paani laane waali gomati nadi par mahaaraana jayasinh ne 375 meter lamba evam 35 meter ooaincha baaaindh banavaaya tha, jiske tal ki chaudaai 20 meter evam oopar se chaudaai paaainch meter hai. baaaindh ka nirmaan baravaadi ki khaanon ke safed sumaaja[3] patthar se karaaya gaya hai. jheel ki majabooti ke lihaaj se dohari deevaar banaai gayi hai. suraksha ki drushti se baaaindh se kareeb 100 feet ki doori par 396 meter lamba evam 36 meter ooaincha ek aur baaaindh banavaaya gaya. mahaaraana sajjanasinh evam fahasinh ke samay mein in do baaaindhon ke beech ke bhaag ko bharavaaya gaya aur samatal bhoomi par vrukshaaropan kiya gaya.

paryatan

jayasamand jheel paryatakon ke aakarshan ka sabse bada kendra ban gayi hai. jheel ke andar baandh ke sammukh ek taapoo par paryatakon ki suvidha ke liye 'jayasamand aaileind' ka nirmaan ek niji farm dvaara karaaya gaya hai. yahaaain aane vaale paryatakon ke liye thaharane ke liye achhe suvidhaayukt vaataanukoolit kamre, restorent, taranataal evam vividh manoranjan ke saadhan upalabdh hain. yahaaain tak pahuainchane ke liye nauka ka sanchaalan kiya jaata hai. nauka se jheel mein ghoomana apne aap mein anokha sukh ka anubhav deta hai. jayasamand jheel ke nikat van evam vanyajeev premiyon ke liye van vibhaag dvaara vanyajeev abhayaaranya bhi banaaya gaya hai. yahaaain ek machhali paalan ka achha kendra bhi hai. jheel ki khoobsoorti aur praakrutik parivesh ki kalpana isi se ki ja sakti hai ki anek filmakaaron ne apni filmon mein yahaaain ke drushyon ko kaid kiya hai. sadak ke kinaare saghan vanaspati evam van hone se Udaipur se raajasamand jheel pahuainchana bhi apne aap mein kisi romaanch se kam naheen hai.

jaya samand road bahut hi pareshaan karne wala hai. at: jaya samand, sileesed aur alavar ghoomane ke liye auto ke sthaan par taxi leejiye. yeh chaar-paanch ghante mein aapko an‍aatarraaj‍aayeeya bas adde se alavar pahuncha degi. iske liye taxi vaale paryatakon se 400-500 Ru lete hain. jheel ke paas rookane ki koi vyavastha naheen hai.

mukhya tathya

  • dhebar jheel poori tarah se bhari hoti hai, to iska kshetrafal lagbhag 50 varg kimi hota hai.
  • dhebar jheel ka mool naam jaya samand tha aur yeh 17veen shataabdi ke uttaraarddh mein gomati nadi ke aar-paar bane ek sangamaramar ke baandh dvaara nirmit hai.
  • pashchimi kshetr mein sthit gaanvon tak jheel se naharon dvaara paani le jaaya jaata hai, jahaaain tat par machhuaaron ke gaaainv base hue hain.
  • dakshin ki or sthit pahaadiyon par do mahal khade hain.