jaya hind

"jaya hind" ka yaadagaari daak chinh
subhaash chandr Bose ke bhakt gvaaliyr nivaasi raamachandr moreshvar karakare ne March 1947 mein 'jaya hind' naamak deshabhaktipoorn hindi naatak likha.

jaya hind vishesharup se Bhaarat mein prachalit ek deshabhaktipoorn naara hai jo ki bhaashanon mein tatha samvaad mein Bhaarat ke prati deshbhakti prakat karne ke liye prayog kiya jaata hai. iska shaabdik arth "Bhaarat ki vijay" hai. yeh naara bhaarateeya kraantikaari dau॰ champakaraman pillai dvaara diya gaya tha. tatpashchaat yeh bhaarateeyon mein prachalit ho gaya evam neta ji subhaashachandr Bose dvaara aajaad hind fauj ke yuddh ghosh ke rup mein prachalit kiya gaya.

subhaashachandr Bose ke anuyaayi tatha naujavaan svatantrata senaani gvaalar (vartamaan naam gvaaliyr), madhya Bhaarat ke raamachandr moreshvar karakare ne tathyon par aadhaarit ek deshabhaktipoorn naatak "jaya hind" likha tatha "jaya hind" naamak ek hindi pustak prakaashit ki. kuchh varshon pashchaat raamachandr karakare kendreeya bhaarateeya provins ke kaaaingres adhyaksh bane. unhonne prasiddh kraantikaari chandrashekhar aajaad ke saath svatantrata sangraam mein hissa liya.

itihaas

jaya hind' naare ka seedha sambandh netaaji se hai, magar sabse pehle prayogakarta netaaji subhaash chandr Bose naheen the. aaiye dekhein yeh kiske hrudaya mein pehle pahal umada aur aam bhaarateeyon ke liye jaya-ghosh ban gaya.

“ajaya hinda” ke naare ki shurooaat jinse hoti hai, un kraantikaari 'chembaakaraman pillai' ka janm 15 sitmbar 1891 ko tiroovanantapuram mein hua tha. gulaami ke ke aadi ho chuke deshvaasiyon mein aajaadi ki aakaanksha ke beej daalne ke liye unhone college ke ke dauraan “ajaya hinda” ko abhivaadan ke roop mein prayog karna shuroo kiya. 1908 mein pillai Germany chale gaye. arthashaastr mein pi.H.di karne ke baad Germany se hi angrejo ke virooddh kraantikaari gatividhiyaaain shuroo ki. pratham vishv yuddh shuroo hua to - unhone jarman nau-sena mein junior afsar ka pad sambhaala.

pillai 1933 mein aastriya ki rajdhani viyna mein netaaji subhaash se mile tab “ajaya hind” se unka abhivaadan kiya. pehli baar sune ye shabd netaaji ko prabhaavit kar gaye. idhar netaaji aajaad hind fauj ki sthaapana karna chaahate the. dviteeya vishv yuddh ke dauraan Germany ne jin british sainiko ko kaid kiya tha, unamein bhaarateeya sainik bhi the. 1941 mein jarman ki kaidiyon ki chhaavani mein netaaji ne inhe sambodhit kiya tatha angrejo ka paksh chhod aajaad hind fauj mein shaamil hone ke liye protsaahit kiya. yeh samaachaar akhbaaron mein chhapa to jarman mein rah rahe bhaarateeya vidyaarthi aabid husain ne apni padhaai chhod netaaji ke sekretri ka pad sambhaal liya. aajaad hind fauj ke sainik aapas mein abhivaadan kis bhaarateeya shabd se kare yeh prashn saamane aaya tab husain ne”ajaya hind” ka sujhaav diya.

uske baad 2- November 1941 ko “ajaya-hinda” aajaad hind fauj ka yuddhaghosh ban gaya. jaldi hi Bhaarat bhar mein yeh gooainjane laga, maatr kaaaingres par tab iska prabhaav naheen tha. 1946 mein ek chunaav sabha mein jab log “akaugres jindaabaada” ke naare laga rahe the, neharooji ne logo se “ajaya hinda” ka naara lagaane ke liye kaha. ab tak “avande-maatarama” hi kaaaingres ki ahinsak ladaai ka naara raha tha, 15 August 1947 ko Nehru ji ne aajaadi ke baad, laal kile se apne pehle bhaashan ka samaapan, “ajaya hinda” se kiya. daakagharon ko suchana bheji gayi ki nae daak ticket aane tak, daak ticket chaahe angrej raaja jorj ki hi mukhaakruti ki upayog mein aaye lekin us par muhar “ajaya hinda” ki lagaai jaaye. yeh 31 December 1947 tak yahi muhar chalti rahi. keval Jodhpur ke girdeekot daakaghar ne iska upayog November 1955 tak jaari rakha. aajaad Bhaarat ki pehli daak ticket par bhi “ajaya hinda” likha hua tha.

inhein bhi dekhein

  • jaya hind daak chinh
  • jaya hindi gujaraati samaachaar patra

baahari kadiyaaain

saaaincha:bhaarateeya-sanskruti-aadhaar saaaincha:aajaad hindi fauj saaaincha:subhaash chandr Bose