jaurdan


jaurdan
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtragaan: عaaاaaش اaaلaaمaaلaaيaaك
jaurdan ka shaahi gaan
("As-salam al-malaki al-urdoni")1
Peace to the King of Jordan
jaurdan ke raaja ki shaanti
rajdhani
aur sabse badaa nagar
ammaan
31°a57′aN 35°a56′aE / 31.95°aN 35.933°aE / 31.95; 35.933
raajabhaasha(eain) arabi
maanavajaateeya varg 98% Arab
and 2% others (Race = mostly Caucasian).
nivaasi jaurdeniyn
sarkaar samvaidhaanik raajashaahi
- raaja abdullaah dviteeya
- pradhaanamantri naader al-dahaabi
svatantrata
- british league of nation adhidesh ka ant 25 May 1946
kshetrafal
- kul 92,300 varg kilometer (112 vaan)
45,495 varg meal
- jal (%) 0.8
janasankhya
- July 2009 janaganana 6,342,948 (102 vaan)
- July 2004 janaganana 5,611,202
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2008 praakkalan
- kul $31.112 billion (-)
- prati vyakti $5,400 (-)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Straight Line Steady.svg 0.745[1]
uchch · 77vaaain
mudra jaurdeniyn deenaar (JOD)
samay mandal (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+2)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) (yoo॰atee॰asee॰+3)
doorabhaash koot 962
Internet teeeladi .jo
1. Also serves as the Royal anthem.

jaurdan, aadhikaarik taur par is heshamaait kingadam of jaurdan, dakshin pashchim Asia mein akaaba khaadi ke dakshin mein, Syriai marusthal ke dakshini bhaag mein avasthit ek arab desh hai. desh ke uttar mein Syria, uttar-poorv mein Iraq, pashchim mein pashchimi tat aur ijraayal aur poorv aur dakshin mein saudi arab sthit hain. jaurdan, ijraayal ke saath mrut saagar aur akaaba khaadi ki tat rekha ijraayal, saudi arab aur misr ke saath niyantran karta hai. jaurdan ka jyaadaatar hissa registaan se ghira hua hai, vishesh roop se arab marusthal; haalaaainki, uttar pashchimi kshetr, jaurdan nadi ke saath, upajaaoo chaapaakaar ka hissa maana jaata hai. desh ki rajdhani ammaan uttar pashchim mein sthit hai.

itihaas

mesopotaamiya ke kaal se yahaaain nabaati saamraajya ka shaasan tha. unhonne hi arabi lipi ka vikaas kiya jisse aadhunik arabi ka lekhan aarambh hua. dakshin mein adom ka saamraajya tha. roman kaal mein kai svaayatt raajya hue. yahoodi vidrohon ko dabaane ke baad isko Syria filesteena praant ka ang banaaya gaya. iske baad jaurdan nadi ke poorvi tat par paarthiyaai aur baad mein teesari sadi mein Irani saasaani saamraajya ka adhikaar bana.

arabon ke saamraajya nirmaan kaal mein yeh raashidun kaal mein hi adhikrut ho gaya tha. iske baad yahaaain islaam ka prachaar hua. kai sadiyon tak is par islaami khlaaft jo damishk aur fir bagdaad mein kendrit tha, ka shaasan raha. mangol (1259), kroosedar (1020), ayyoobi (1170) tatha maamaluk shaasan ke baad is par 1516 mein usmaani turkon ka adhikaar bana. anya arabi raashtron ka saath isne bhi usmaani turko ke khilaaf pratham vishv yuddh mein bhaag liya. yuddh mein Turkey ki haar hui aur yeh british saasan ka ang bana. 1946 mein yeh svatantr hua. jerushalam ko lekar isaraayal ke saath sangharsh hota raha. 1967 ke chh:dini yuddh mein bhi jaurdan ko apne pradesh haarne pade.

yeh bhi dekhiye



  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21-25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.