jauhar

The Rajput ceremony of Jauhar (holocaust), 1567
The Burning of the Rajput women, during the siege of Chitor

jauhar puraane samay mein Bhaarat mein rajput striyon dvaara ki jaane waali kriya thi. jab yuddh mein haar nishchit ho jaati thi to purush mrutyuparyant yuddh hetu taiyaar hokar veeragati praapt karne nikal jaate the tatha striyaaain jauhar le leti theen. jauhar lene ka kaaran yuddh mein haar hone par shatru raaja dvaara haran kiye jaane ka bhaya hota tha.

jauhar kriya mein rajput striyaaain kile ko aag lagaakar usamein swayam ka balidaan kar deti thi. jauhar kriya ki sabse adhik ghatanaayein Bhaarat par mugal aadi baahari aakramanakaariyon ke samay huyi. ye muslim aakramanakaari hamla kar haraane ke pashchaat striyon ko loot kar unka sheelabhang karte the. isaliye striyaaain haar nishchit hone par jauhar le leti thi. itihaas mein jauhar ke anek udaaharan milte hain.

hindi ke ojasvi kavi shyaamanaaraayan paandeya ne apna prasiddh mahaakaavya jauhar chittaud ki mahaaraani padmini ke veeraangana charitra ko chitrit karne ke uddeshya ko lekar hi likha tha[1]..Rajasthan ki jauhar parampara par aadhaarit unka yeh mahaakaavya hindi jagat mein kaafi charchit raha.

sandarbh

  1. Das, Sisir Kumar, "A Chronology of Literary Events / 1911–1956", in Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008