jarman bhaasha

jarman (Deutsch)
jin deshon mein prachalit hai Germany, ostriya, svitjralaind, laksembarg, leeshtenashtaain, fraans (alses, loren), Italy (dakshin tirol), Belgium (uttar Belgium, aarlon), Denmark (dakshin yootalaand), braajeel (riograndeinsar hunsarukish), aarjeinteena, Mexico, paraguaaya, chili, namibiya, dakshin afreeka, Poland, Hungary, romaaniya, Slovakia, sloveniya, check ganaraajya, roos (oblaast omsk, oblaast saaraatov aur altaai kraai), sanyukt raajya America, Canada (kichnar), kajaakhastaan, vaitikn shahar, kroeshiya, Serbia

kul bolanevaale lagbhag 14.1 karod (12 karod maatrubhaasha aur 2.1 karod dviteeya bhaasha)
vigyaan
vargeekaran
uchch jarman
aadhikaarik sthiti
raajabhaasha Germany, ostriya, leeshtenashtaain, svitjralaind, Belgium, laksembarg, Italy (dakshin tirol), Europeeya sangh
bhaasha koot
aaiesao 639-1: de
aaiesao 639-2: (B) ger (T) deu
esaaaiel aaiesao 639-3: deu (ya GER)
vishv ke jarman bhaashi kshetr

jarman bhaasha (jarman : Deutsch, dauyatsh) sankhya ke anusaar Europe ki sab se adhik boli jaane waali bhaasha hai. ye Germany, svitjralaind aur ostriya ki mukhya- aur raajabhaasha hai. ye roman lipi mein likhi jaati hai (atirikt chinhon ke saath). ye hind-Europeeya bhaasha-parivaar mein jarmanik shaakha mein aati hai. angreji se iska kareebi rishta hai. lekin roman lipi ke aksharon ka iski dhvaniyon ke saath mel angreji ke mukaabale kaheen behtar hai. aadhunik maanakeekrut jarman ko uchch jarman kehte hain.

jarman bhaasha bhaaropeeya parivaar ke jarmenik varg ki bhaasha, saamaanyat: uchch jarman ka vah roop hai jo Germany mein sarkaari, shiksha, press aadi ka maadhyam hai. yeh aastriya mein bhi boli jaati hai. iska uchchaaran 1898 E. ke ek commission dvaara nishchit hai. lipi, French aur angreji se milti-julati hai. vartamaan jarman ke shabdaadi mein aghaat hone par kaakalyasparsh hai. taan (ton) angreji jaisi hai. uchchaaran adhik sashakt evam shabdakram adhik nishchit hai. daarshanik evam vaigyaanik shabdaavali se paripoorn hai. shabdaraashi anek sroton se li gayi hain.

uchch jarman, kendra, uttar evam dakshin mein boli jaanevaali apni pashchimi shaakha (lo jarman-frijiyn, angreji) se lagbhag chhathi shataabdi mein alag hone lagi thi. bhaasha ki drushti se "praacheen haai jarman" (750-1050), "madhya haai jarman" (1350 E. tak), "aadhuni haai jarman" (1200 E. ke aaspaas se ab tak) teen vikaas charan hain. uchch jarman ki pramukh boliyon mein yidish, shvijtunsh, aadhunik prashan Swiss ya uchch alemainik, frankoniyn (poorvi aur dakshini), tipruariyn tatha saailesiyn aadi hain.

anukram

svan-vigyaan

jarman saahitya

yohaan vulfagaang faan gete
(1749–1832)
fredarik shilr
(1759–1805)
Brothers Grimm
(1785–1863)
Thomas maan
(1875–1955)
fredarik shilr
(1877–1962)
Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein - Goethe in the Roman Campagna - Google Art Project.jpg Gerhard von Kügelgen 001.jpg Grimm1.jpg Thomas Mann 1929.jpg Hermann Hesse 1927 Photo Gret Widmann.jpg

sansthaaeain

jarman bhaasha ke prayog evam pathan-paathan ko badhaava dene vaale kai sansthaan hain. inmein se pramukh hain-

  • Verein Deutsche Sprache -- iski sthaapana 1997 mein hui thi. jarman bhaasha ke prachaar-prasaar ka samarthak hai. vishv ka sabse bada bhaasha sangh hai.
  • Deutsche Welle -- jarman raajya prasaarak (braadakaastar) . BBC ke tulya. jarman bhaasha tatha vishv ki anya 30 bhaashaaon mein (hindi sahit) radio aur TV ka prasaaran karta hai.


hindi-jarman bolachaal ke vaakya

jarman vaakya hindi vaakya
ja haaain
nein naheen
bitte krupaya (ise karein)
danke. dhanyavaad
Bitte schöaan. svaagatam
Kein problem. koi samasya naheen.
Entschuldigung! kshama karein.
natüaarlich vaastav mein (of course)
richtig sahi
Vielen Dank. aapko bahut bahut dhanyavaad
Nein, danke. naheen, dhanyavaad.
Es tut mir leid. main dukhi hooain.
Verzeihen Sie. kshama karein.
hindi vaakya jarman vaakya
main thak gaya hooain. Ich bin müaade.
mujhe ek naukri ki jaroorat hai. Ich brauche einen Job.
main khaana chaahata hooain. Ich will essen.
mujhe neend aa rahi hooain. Ich bin schläaafrig.
mujhe khaane ki jaroorat hai. Ich brauche etwas zu essen.
main aaraam karna chaahata hooain. Ich möaachte mich ausruhen.
mujhe bhookh lagi hai. Ich bin hungrig./ Ich habe Hunger.
mujhe aaraam karne ki jaroorat hai. Ich muss mich ausruhen.
mujhe chhodna chaahate hain. Ich will abreisen.
mujhe thand lag rahi hai. Mir ist kalt.
mujhe adhyayan karne ki aavashyakta hai. Ich muss studieren.
main jaana chaahata hooain. Ich will gehen.
mujhe garmi lag rahi hai. Mir ist heiß.
mujhe khatm karne ki jaroorat hai. Ich muss aufhöaaren.
main sona chaahata hooain. Ich will schlafen.

kuchh sarvaadhik prayukt jarman shabd

jarman shabd prakaar hindi arth angreji arth
der / die / das (def. art.) -- the; (dem. pron.) that, those; (rel. pron) who, that
und (conj.) aur and
sein (verb) ho to be; (aux./perfect tense)
in (prep.) mein in [variation: im in the]
ein (indef. art.) ek a, an; (pron.) one (of)
zu (prep.) karne ke liye to, at; (adv.) too
haben (verb) hai to have; (aux./perfect tense)
ich (pers. pron.) main I
werden (verb) ho to become; (aux./future tense); (aux./passive voice)
sie (pron.) ve she, her; they, them; Sie (pron.) you (formal)
von (prep.) dvaara from, of
nicht (adv.) naheen not
mit (prep.) ke saath with
es (pron.) yeh it
sich (refl. pron.) sthit -self
auch (adv.) bhi also, too
auf (prep.) par on, at, in
füaar (prep.) ke liye for
an (prep.) par at, on [variation: am at/on the]
er (pron.) vah he
so (adv.) to so; thus, this way, such
dass (conj.) ki that
köaannen (verb) kar sakte hain can, to be able
dies (pron.) yeh this, that
als (conj.) ke roop mein as, when; (adv.) than
ihr (pron.) usaki you, her; (poss. adj.) her, their, hers, theirs; Ihr (poss. adj.) your (formal)
ja (adv.) haaain yes; certainly, really
wie (adv.) ki tarah how; as
bei (prep.) par by, with, at
oder (conj.) ya or
wir (pron.) ham we
aber (conj.) lekin but; (adv./flavoring particle)
dann (adv.) tab then
man (pron.) ek one, you
da (adv.) da there; (conj.) because
sein (poss. adj.) ho his, its
noch (adv.) abhi tak still, yet
nach (prep.) ke baad after, toward
was (pron.) kya what
also (adv.) to so, therefore
aus (prep.) se out, out of, from
all (pron.) sabhi all
wenn (conj.) agar if, when
nur (adv.) keval only
müaassen (verb) karna hoga to have to, must
sagen (verb) kehte hain ki to say
um (prep.) karne ke liye around, at [variation: um ... zu in order to]
üaber (prep.) ke baare mein above, over, about
machen (verb) banaana to do, make
kein (pron.) naheen no, not a/an
Jahr das, -e (noun) varsh ki E year
du (pron.) tum you
mein (poss. adj.) matlab my
schon (adv.) pehle se hi already; (adv./flavoring particle)
vor (prep.) se pehle in front of, before, ago
durch (prep.) dvaara through
geben (verb) dene ke liye to give
mehr (adv.) adhik more
andere, anderer, anderes (adj./pron.) anya, anya, anya other
viel (adj./pron.) dher saara much, a lot, many
kommen (verb) aao to come
jetzt (adv.) ab now
sollen (verb) chaahiye should, ought to
mir (pron.) mujhe me
wollen (verb) ichha hai to want
ganz (adj.) poorn whole, all the; (adv.) quite
mich (pron.) mujhe me
immer (adv.) hamesha always
gehen (verb) jaao to go
sehr (adv.) bahut saara very
hier (adv) yahaaain here
doch (adv.) lekin however, still; (adv./flavoring particle)
bis (prep./conj.) jab tak until
groß (adj.) bade big, large, great
wieder (adv.) fir se again
Mal das, -e (noun) ki E baar time; mal (conj.) times [math]; (adv.) time(s); once; just
zwei (num.) do two
gut (adj.) achhi tarah se good
wissen (verb) pata hai to know
neu (adj.) nai new
sehen (verb) dekhein to see
lassen (verb) chalo to let, allow, have (something) done
uns (pron.) hamein us
weil (conj.) kyonki because
unter (prep.) ke antargat under
denn (conj.) kyonki because; (adv./flavoring particle)
stehen (verb) khade ho jaao to stand
jede, jeder, jedes (art./pron.) pratyek, har, har every, each
Beispiel, das, -e (noun) udaaharan ke liye, ki E example
Zeit, die (noun) samay, time
erste, erster, erstes (adj.) pratham, pratham, pehla first
ihm (pron.) use him, it
ihn (pron.) use him
wo (adv.) jahaaain where
lang (adj.) lambi long; lange (adv.) for a long time
eigentlich (adv.) asal mein actually; (adj.) actual, real
damit (adv.) is prakaar with it; (conj.) so that
selbst, selber (pron.) apne aap ko, apne aap ko -self; (adv.) even
unser (poss. adj.) hamaare our
oben (adv.) sheersh above, up there

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain