jantar mantar, Delhi

jantar mantar, Delhi ke hrudaya, Connaught place mein sthit hai
jantar mantar, Delhi, c1858

Delhi ka jantar mantar ek khagoleeya vedhashaala hai. anya chaar jantar mantar sahit iska nirmaan mahaaraaja jayasinh dviteeya ne 1724 mein karavaaya tha. yeh imaarat praacheen Bhaarat ki vaigyaanik unnati ki misaal hai. jaya Singh ne aisi vedhashaalaaon ka nirmaan Jaipur, ujjain, Mathura aur Varanasi mein bhi kiya tha. Delhi ka jantar-mantar samarakand ki vedhashaala se prerit hai. mohammad shaah ke shaasan kaal mein hindu aur muslim khagolashaastriyon mein grahon ki sthit ko lekir bahas chhid gayi thi. ise khatm karne ke liye savaai jaya Singh ne jantar-mantar ka nirmaan karavaaya. grahon ki gati naapane ke liye yahaan vibhinn prakaar ke upakaran lagaae gaye hain. samraat yantr soorya ki sahaayata se vakt aur grahon ki sthiti ki jaankaari deta hai. misr yantr varsh ke sabse chhote or sabse bade din ko naap sakta hai. Ram yantr aur jaya prakaash yantr khagoleeya pindon ki gati ke baare mein bataata hai.

anukram

vistaar mein

yeh ek vruhat aakaar ki saur ghadi hai

raaja jayasinh dviteeya bahut chhoti aayu se ganit mein bahut hi adhik roochi rakhate the. unki aupachaarik padhaai 11 varsh ki aayu mein chhoot gayi kyonki unki pitaaji ki mrutyu ke baad unhein hi raajagaddi sanbhaalani padi thi. 25janavari, 1700 mein gaddi sambhaalne ke baad bhi unhonne apna adhyayan naheen chhoda. unhonne bahut khagol vijnyaaanan aur jyotish ka bhi gahra adhyayan kiya. unhonne apne kaaryakaal mein bahut se khagol vigyaan se sambandhit yantr evam pustakein bhi ekatr keen. unhonne pramukh khagolashaastriyon ko vichaar hetu ek jagah ekatr bhi kiya. hindu, islaamik aur Europeeya khagolashaastri sabhi ne unke is mahaan kaarya mein apna baraabar yogadaan diya. apne shaasan kaal mein san 1727 mein, unhonne ek dal khagolashaastr se sambandhit aur jaanakaariyaan aur tathya talaashane ke liye Bhaarat se Europe bheja tha. vah dal kuchh kitaabein, dastaavej aur yantr hi le kar lauta. nyootan, gaaleeleo, koparaniks aur kepler ke kaaryon ke baare mein aur unki kitaabein laane mein yeh dal asamarth raha.

yantron ki soochi

vedhashaala ka Ram yantr

jantar-mantar ke pramukh yantron mein samraat yantr, naadi valaya yantr, digansh yantr, bhitti yantr, misr yantr, aadi pramukh hain, jinka prayog soorya tatha anya khagoleeya pindon ki sthiti tatha gati ke adhyayan mein kiya jaata hai. jantar-mantar ke pramukh yantron mein samraat yantr, naadi valaya yantr, digansh yantr, bhitti yantr, misr yantr, aadi pramukh hain, jinka prayog soorya tatha anya khagoleeya pindon ki sthiti tatha gati ke adhyayan mein kiya jaata hai. jo khagol yantr raaja jayasinh dvaara banavaaye gaye th, unki soochi is prakaar se hai:

  1. samraat yantr
  2. sasthaamsa
  3. daksinottaara bhitti yantr
  4. jaya prakaasa aur kapaala
  5. nadivaalaya
  6. digaamsa yantr
  7. Ram yantr
  8. rasivaalaaya

raaja jaya Singh tatha unke raajajyotishi pan. jagannaath ne isi vishay par 'yantr prakaar' tatha 'samraat siddhaant' naamak granth likhe.

54 varsh ki aayu mein unki mrutyu ke baad desh mein yeh vedhashaalaaen baad mein banane vaale taaraamandalon ke liye prerana aur jaankaari ka strot rahi hain. haal hi mein Delhi ke jantar-mantar mein sthaapit raamayantr ke jariye pramukh khagolavid dvaara shanivaar ko vigyaan diwas par aasmaan ke sabse chamakeele grah shukr ki sthiti naapi gayi thi. is adhyayan mein Nehru taaraamandal ke khagolavidon ke alaava emechyor estronaamars association aur gair sarkaari sangathan space ke sadasya bhi shaamil the.

jantar mantar

jantar mantar, Delhi

Connaught place mein sthit sthaapatya kala ka adviteeya namoona 'jantar mantar 'Delhi ke pramukh paryatan sthalon mein se ek hai. yeh ek vedhashaala hai. jismein 13 khagoleeya yantr lage hue hain. yeh raaja jayasinh dvaara dijaain ki gayi thi. ek French lekhak 'de bois' ke anusaar raaja jayasinh khud apne haathon se is yantron ke mom ke modal taiyaar karte the.

Jaipur ki basaavat ke saath hi tatkaaleen mahaaraaja savaai jayasinh [dviteeya] ne jantar-mantar ka nirmaan kaarya shuroo karavaaya, mahaaraaja jyotish shaastr mein dilchaspi rakhate the aur iske jnyaaata the. jantar-mantar ko banane mein kareeb 6 saal lage aur 1734 mein yeh bankar taiyaar hua. ismein grahon ki chaal ka adhyayan karne ke liye tamaam yantr bane hain. yeh imaarat praacheen Bhaarat ki vaigyaanik unnati ki misaal hai. Delhi ka jantar-mantar samarakand [ujbekistaan] ki vedhashaala se prerit hai. mohammad shaah ke shaasan kaal mein hindu aur muslim khagolashaastriyon mein grahon ki sthit ko lekir bahas chhid gayi thi. ise khatm karne ke liye savaai jaya Singh ne jantar-mantar ka nirmaan karavaaya. raaja jayasinh ne bhaarateeya khagolavijnyaaan ko Europeeya khagolashaastriyon ke vichaaron se se bhi joda. unke apne chhote se shaasan kaal mein unhonne khagol vijnyaaanamein apna jo amoolya yogadaan diya hai us ke liye itihaas sada unka rini rahega.

grahon ki gati naapane ke liye yahaan vibhinn prakaar ke upakaran lagaae gaye hain.

samraat yantr

jantar mantar, mein samraat yantr

yeh soorya ki sahaayata se vakt aur grahon ki sthiti ki jaankaari deta hai.

misr yantr

misr yantr varsh ke sabse chhote or sabse bade din ko naap sakta hai.

Ram yantr aur jaya prakaash yantr

Ram yantr aur jaya prakaash yantr khagoleeya pindon ki gati ke baare mein bataata hai. Ram yantr golaakaar bane hue hain.

vistrut pathan

badi badi imaaraton se ghir jaane ke kaaran aaj in ke adhyayan sateek nateeje naheen de paate hain. Delhi sahit deshbhar mein kul paanch vedhashaalaaen hain- (banaaras, Jaipur, Mathura aur ujjain) mein maujood hain, jinmein Jaipur jantar-mantar ke yantr hi poori tarah se sahi sthiti mein hain.

Mathura ki vedhashaala 1850 ke aaspaas hi nasht ho chuki thi. yeh Delhi mein jan aandolanon /pradarshanon/dharanon ki ek jaani maani jagah bhi hai.

dekhein


sandarbh


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