jangali bhainsa

jangali bhainsa
Wild water buffalo
काजिरंगा, असम के जंगलों में जंगली भैंसा
kaajiranga, asam ke jangalon mein jangali bhainsa
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: jantu
sangh: rajjuki (Chordata)
varg: stanadhaari (Mammalia)
gan: dvikhureeyagan (Artiodactyla)
upagan: romanthak (Ruminantia)
kul: bovidaae (Bovidae)
upakul: govansh (Bovinae)
prajaati: byoobailas (Bubalus)
jaati: B. arnee
dvipd naam
Bubalus arnee
(ker, 1792)
जंगली भैंसे का विस्तार
jangali bhainse ka vistaar
upajaatiyaaain
  • B. a. arnee (adhikaansh Bhaarat va Nepal mein)
  • B. a. fulvus (asam va padausi kshetron mein)
  • B. a. theerapati (dakshinpoorvi Asia mein)

Asiaee jangali bhainsa (Bubalis bubalis arnee or Bubalus arnee) ki sankhya aaj 4000 se bhi kam rah gayi hai. ek sadi pehle tak poore dakshin poorv Asia mein badi taadaad mein paaye jaane wala jangali bhainsa aaj keval Bhaarat, Nepal, barma aur Thailand mein hi paaya jaata hai. Bhaarat me kaajeeranga aur maanas raashtreeya udyaan mein ye paaya jaata hai. madhya Bhaarat mein yeh chhtteesagadh me Raipur sanbhaag aur bastar me paaya jaata hai.

chhtteesagadh mein inki darj sankhya aath hai jinhe ab surakshit ghere mein rakh kar unka prajanan kaaryakram chalaaya ja raha hai. lekin usamein bhi samasya yeh hai ki maada keval ek hai aur us maada par bhi ek graameen ka daava hai, ki vah usaki paalatoo bhains hai. khair graameen ko to muaavaja de diya gaya par samasya fir bhi bani hui hai, maada keval nar shaavakon ko hi janm de rahi hai, ab tak usane do nar bachhdon ko janm diya hai. pehle nar shaavak ke janm ke baad hi van adhikaariyon ne maada shaavak ke janm ke liye pooja paath aur mannaton tak ka sahaara liya. aur to aur shaasan ne to ek kadam aage jaakar udyaan me mahila sanchaalika ki niyukti bhi kar di, taaki maada bhains ko kuchh ishaara to mile, par nateeja fir vahi hua maada ne fir nar shaavak ko hi janm diya. shaayad paalatoo bhainson par laagoo hone waali kahaavat ki bhains ke aage been bajaaye bhains khadi paguraavai jangali bhainson par bhi laagoo hoti hai.

maada apne jeevan kaal me 5 shaavakon ko janm deti hai, inki jeevan avadhi 9 varsh ki hoti hai. nar shaavak do varsh ki umr me jhund chhod dete hain. shaavakon ka janm aksar baarish ke mausam ke ant mein hota hai. aam taur par maada jangali bhaisein aur shaavak jhund bana kar rahati hai aur nar jhund se alag rahate hain par yadi jhund ki koi maada garbh dhaaran ke liye taiyaar hoti hai to sabse taakatavar nar uske paas kisi aur nar ko nahi aane deta. yeh nar aam taur par jhund ke aaspaas hi bana rahata hai. yadi kisi shaavak ki maan mar jaaye to doosari maadaayein use apna leti hain. inka svabhaavik shatru baagh hai, par yadi jangali bhainsa kamjor boodha ya beemaar ho to jangali kutton aur teinduon ko bhi inka shikaar karte dekha gaya hai. vaise inko sabse bada khatra paalatoo maveshiyon ki sankramit beemaariyon se hi hai, inmein pramukh beemaari fut end maauth hai. ridanrpest naam ki beemaari ne ek samay inki sankhya me bahut kami la di thi.

anukram

jab dhokha kha gaye kathit ekspart

in par doosra bada khatra jenetik pradooshan hai, jangali bhainsa paalatoo bhainson se sampark sthaapit kar leta hai. haalaanki flaimaind aur tulॊch jaise shodhakartaao ka maanana hai ki aam taur par jangali nar bhainsa paalatoo nar bhainse ko maada ke paas nahi aane deta par swayam paalatoo maada bhainse se sampark kar leta hai par is vishay par abhi gaharaai se shodh kiya jaana baaki hai. madhya Bhaarat ke jin ilaakon mein yeh paaya jaata hai, vahaaain ki paalatoo bhaisein bhi inse milti julati najar aati hai. is baat ko ek majedaar ghatna se samjha ja sakta hai. kuchh varshon pehle Bijapur ke van-mandalaadhikaari shri raman pandya ke saath Bombay nechural history society ki ek team jangali bhaison ka adhyayan karne aur chitr lene ke liye indraavati raashtreeya udyaan pahuainchi, unhein jangali bhainson ka ek bada jhund najar aaya aur unke saikado chitr liye gaye aur ek shreemaan jo us samay desh mein jangali bhainson ke bade jaankaar maane jaate the, baaki logo ko jangali bhainson aur paalatoo bhainson ke beech antar samajhaane mein vyast ho gaye tabhi achaanak ek charavaaha aaya aur saari bhainson ko haank kar le gaya.

anuchit vrukshaaropan

madhya Bhaarat me jangali bhainson ke viluptata ki kagaar par pahuainchane ka ek pramukh kaaran usaka vyahavaar hai. jahaaain ek or gaur baarish me ooainche sthaanon par chale jaate hain, vahi jangali bhainse maidaanon mein kheton ke aas paas hi rahate hain aur kheto ko bahut nuksaan pahuainchaate hain. is kaaran gaaainv vaale unka shikaar kar dete hain. ek kaaran yeh bhi hai ki praakrutik jangalon ka vinaash kar diya gaya hai aur unke sthaan par shahari jarooraton ko poora karne vaale saagaun, saal, neelagiri jaise pedo ka ropan kar diya hai. inmein se kuchh ke patte akhaadya hai, inke neeche vah ghaas nahi ug paati jinko ye khaate hai, vaise bhi jangali bhainse bahut chuninda bhojan karti hai. is kaaran bhi inka gaanv vaalon se takaraav bahut badh gaya hai.

berava paddhati aur jungle mein santulan

takaraav badhne ka ek kaaran yeh bhi hai, ki pehle aadivaasi berava paddhati se kheti karte the. isame unako jyaada mehnat nahi karni padti thi. jungle ke tukade jala kar uname bina hal chalaaye beej chhidk diye jaate the. raakh ek behad uttam urvarak ka kaam karti thi. paidaavaar bhi bahut achhi mil jaati thi. iske alaava jangalo mein kandamool aur fl bhi prachurata se mil jaate the. yada kada kiye jaane vaale shikaar se bhi unhe bhojan ki kami nahi hoti thi. ve kheti par poorn roop se nirbhar nahi the. isaliye vanya praaniyon dvaara fsal mein se kuchh hissa kha liye jaane par iname bair bhaav nahi aata tha. aur har do ya teen saal me jagah badal liye jaane ke kaaran pichhli jagah ghaas ke maidaan ban jaate the. vanya praaniyon ko chaare ki koi kami nahi hoti thi. at: yada kada kiye jaane vaale shikaar se unki sankhya me koi kami nahi aati thi.

aadivaasiyon ke adhikaaron ka hanan vanya jeevon ke liye bana sankat

ab choonki aadivaasiyon ke paas sthaai khet hain, jinki urvarata uttarottar kam hoti jaati hai. aur iname hal chalaana kharapatavaar nikaalna aur urvarak daalne jaise kaam karne padte hai, jinme kaafi shram aur paisa lagta hai. iske alaava kheton ki gheraabandi ke liye baaains-balli aur anya van utpaad lene ki ijaajat bhi naheen hai, at: ab aadivaasi apni fsalon ke nuksaan par vanya praaniyon ke jaani dushman ho jaate hain. inhi sab kaarano se jangali bhainse aaj durlabhatam praaniyon ke shreni me aa gaye hain.

khair yeh sab ho chuka hai aur is nuksaan ki bharpaai karna hamaare bas mein naheen hai. lekin ek jagah aisi hai jo aaj tak vikaas ke vinaash se achhooti hai. vah jagah aaj bhi theek vaisi hai jaisa prakruti ne use karodo saalon ke vikaas kram se banaaya hai, jahaaain aaj bhi berava paddhati se kheti hoti hai aur jahaaain aaj bhi van bhainsa bade jhundo mein shaan se vichrata dekha ja sakta hai, jahaan badi sankhya mein baagh, bhaaloo, dhol, pahaadi maina aur anek anya jaanavar shaanti se apna apna jeevan yaapan kar rahe hain. jahaan prakruti pradatt hajaaron kism ki vanaspatiyaaain, ped paudhe jinme se anek aaj shesh Bhaarat se vilupt ho chuke hain, fl fool rahe hain.

ek praakrutik svarg ko nasht karne ki saajish

kareeb 5000 varg kilometer ke is svarg ka naam hai aboojhamaad. na yahaaain dhuaan udaate kaarkhaane hain aur na hi dhool udaati khadaanein aur na hi ve sadke hain jinse hokar vinaash yahaaain tak pahuainch sake. par yeh sab kuchh badalne wala hai aur kuchh to badal bhi chuka hai. yahaaain par rahane vaale aadivaasiyॊn ko tathaakathit kaamared bandooke thama rahein hain. hajaaro saalon tak svarg rahi is dharati par in svayanbhoo kaamaredon ne baaroodon ke dher laga diye hain. is suramya dharati par in logo ne aisi baaroodi surange bichha di hain, jo suraksha balon aadivaasiyon aur vanya praaniyon mein frk naheen kar sakateen. aur sabse bade khed ki baat to yeh hai, ki jin yojanaaon ka dar dikha kar inhonne aadivaasiyon ko bhadkaaya tha, hamaari sarkaar aaj unheen ko laagoo karne ja rahi hai. aboojhamaad mein bina pahuainche aur bina koi adhyayan karaaye yahaan khadaanon ka aavantan kiya ja raha hai. aur hamaare vanshajon ki is dharohar ko isaliye naheen badbaad kiya jaayega, ki desh me lauh ayask ki koi kami hai, balki is ayask ko niryaat karke pehle hi dhan kuber ban chuke khadaanapatiyon ka laalach ab saari seemaaen tod chuka hai aur ve itne taakatavar ho chuke hain, ki ab ve netaaon ke nahi balki neta unke ishaaron par naachate hai. unki najaron mein vanyapraani aur aadivaasiyon ki koi keemat naheen. praakrutik asantulan, global vaarming, nadiyon ka paani viheen hona aur akaal jaise shabdon ka inse koi vaasta naheen. jab tak duniya mein ek bhi jagah rahane laayak rahegi tab tak inke paas maje se jeene ka paisa to bharpoor hoga hi. inhi karatooton se hamaare in jangalon mein bachi hui jangali bhainson ki aabaadi bhi nasht ho jaayegi.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain