janakapur

janakapur
mithila nagari
Nepal ke shahar
janakapur dhaam ka naulakha mandir jaanki mandir
upanaam: janakapur dhaam
जनकपुर is located in Nepal
janakapur
Location in Nepal
nirdeshaank : 26°a43′a43″aN 85°a55′a30″aE / 26.72861°aN 85.925°aE / 26.72861; 85.925Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 26°a43′a43″aN 85°a55′a30″aE / 26.72861°aN 85.925°aE / 26.72861; 85.925
desh Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal
prashaasanik diveejan janakapur anchal
jila dhanusha jila
shaasanlokataantrik sarkaar
• pranaali janakapur upamahaanagarapaalika
janasankhya
• kul 197
pinkod 45600
doorabhaash code NT Fixed-Line: 041

NT Cell : 98440, 98441, 98442, 98540, 98541

NCell Cell : 98048,98148,98076,98176, 98016
jaalasthal www.mithila.gov.np
yeh prushth hindu devi seeta se sambandhit nimn lekh shrrunkhala ka hissa hai-
seeta

janakapur Nepal ka prasiddh dhaarmik sthal hai, jahaan seeta maata ka janm tha. ye nagar praacheen kaal mein mithila ki rajdhani maana jaata hai. yahaaain par prasiddh raaja janak the. jo seeta maata ke pita the. kaha jaata hai ki seeta ka janm mitti ke ghade se janakapur mein hi hua tha. yeh shahar Bhagwan Ram ki sasuraal ke roop mein vikhyaat hai.[1] yeh janakapuradhaam arthaat mithila nagari taalaabo sahar bhi kaha jaata hai yeh ke do mukhya taalaab hai ganga saagar aur dhanush saagar pure sahar me darjan se adhik taalaab hai . yaha chhath parv ke dauraan bahut hi manoram aur manamohak drushya dikhne ko milte hai .

anukram

vartamaan sthiti

janakapur sanprati Nepal ke janakapur anyachal aur dhanusha jila me sthit hai.

bhaasha-boli

yahaaain ki pramukh bhaasha maithili aur nepaali hai.

itihaas

praacheen kaal mein yeh videh raajya ki rajdhani thi. videh raajya ke sansthaapak mithi ke vansh mein mahaaraaj sirdhvaj janak 22 vein janak the, aur ayodhyaapati raaja dasharath ke samakaaleen the. dasharathi Ram ki arddhaangani seeta mithilesh janak sirdhvaj ki putri thi. raamaayan-mahaabhaarataaadi praacheen granthon mein raaja janak ki rajdhani ka naam mithila bataaya gaya hai, janakapur naheen. bataaya jaata hai ki mahaakavi vidyaapati ke granth "bhoo-parikrama" mein spasht shabdon mein likha hai ki janakapur se saat kos dakshin mahaaraaj janak ka raajamahal tha.[2] yatha : janakapuraadakshinaanshe saptakosh-vyatikramein. mahaagraame gahashch janakasya vai..

arthaat vartamaan janakapur se saat kos dakshin pokharauni, baingara aadi gram padte hain, jinko videhon ki mithilaapuri hone ka shreya janta naheen deti hai. aajkal baalmeekeeya raamaayan ke varnanaanusaar ahilya sthaan se praak uttar disha mein sthit mithila naagari ka sthaapann gram log janakapur hi maanate hain. janakapur ke chaaron or vishvaamitr, Gautam, vaalmeeki aur yaajnyaavalkya ke aashram the, jo ab bhi kisi na kisi roop mein vidyamaan hain.

mithila nagari ke sthaan mein janakapur ki khyaati kaise badhi aur use raaja janak ki rajdhani log kaise samajhne lage, iske sanvandh mein ek anushruti prachalit hai. kaha jaata hai ki pavitra janak vansh ka karaal janak ke samay mein naitik adya:patan ho gaya. kautilya ne prasangavash apnearthashaastr[3] mein likha hai ki karaal janak ne kaamaandh hokar braahman kanya ka abhigman kiya. isi kaaran vah vanadhu-bandhavon ke saath maara gaya. ashvaghosh ne bhi apne granth buddh charitra mein iski pushti ki hai. karaal janak ke badh ke pashchaat janak vansh mein jo log bach gaye, ve niktavaarati taraai ke jangalon mein ja chhupe. jahaan ve log chhipe the, vah sthaan janak ke vanshajon ke rahane ke kaaran janakapur kahalaane laga.[4]

seeta svayanbar katha

janakapur mein svayanbar ke dauraan Bhagwan Ram ke dvaara Shiv dhanush todne se sambandhit ravi varma ki peinting

raamaayan katha ke anusaar janak raajaaon mein sabse prasiddh seeradhvaj janak hue. yeh bahut hi vidvaan evam dhaarmik vichaaron vaale the. Shiv ke prati inki agaadh shraddha thi. inki bhakti se prasann hokar Bhagwan shankar ne inhein apna dhanush pradaan kiya tha. yeh dhanush atyant bhaari tha. janak ki putri seeta dharmaparaayan thi vah niyamit roop se pooja sthal ki saaf-safaai swayam karti thi. ek din ki baat hai janak ji jab pooja karne aae to unhonne dekha ki Shiv ka dhanush ek haath mein liye hue seeta pooja sthal ki safaai kar rahi hain. is drushya ko dekhkar janak ji aashcharya chakit rah gaye ki is atyant bhaari dhanush ko ek sukumaari ne kaise utha liya. isi samay janak ji ne tay kar liya ki seeta ka pati vahi hoga jo Shiv ke dvaara diye gaye is dhanush par pratyancha chadhaane mein safal hoga.[5]

apni pratijnyaa ke anusaar raaja janak ne dhanush-yagya ka aayojan kiya. is yagya se sampoorn sansaar ke raaja, mahaaraaja, Rajkumar tatha veer purushon ko aamantrit kiya gaya. samaaroh mein ayodhya ke raaja dasharath ke putr raamachandr aur Lakshman apne guru vishvaamitr ke saath upasthit the. jab dhanush par pratyancha chadhaane ki baari I to vahaaain upasthit kisi bhi vyakti se pratyancha to door dhanush hila tak naheen. is sthiti ko dekh raaja janak ko apne-aap par bada kshobh hua. Goswami tulaseedaas ne raamacharit maanas mein likha hai-

"ab ani kou maakhai bhat maani, veer viheen mahi main jaani

tajahu aas nij-nij gruh jaahoo, likha na vidhi vaidehi bibaahoo
sukrutu jaai jau pun pahihraooain, kuuainri kuaari rahau ka karaooain

jo tanateooain binu bhat bhuvibhaai, tau panu kari hoteooain na hainsaai"

raaja janak ke is vachan ko sunakar Lakshman ke aagrah aur guru ki aajnyaa par raamachandr ne jyon hi dhanush par pratyancha chadhaai tyon hi dhanush teen tukadon mein vibhkt ho gaya. baad mein ayodhya se baaraat aakar raamachandr aur janak nandini jaanki ka vivaah maagh sheersh shukl panchami ko janakapuri mein sampann hua. kehte hain ki kaalaantar mein treta yugakaaleen janakapur ka lop ho gaya. kareeb saadhe teen sau varsh poorv mahaatma soorakishor das ne jaanki ke janmasthal ka pata lagaaya aur moorti sthaapana kar pooja praarambh ki. tatpashchaat aadhunik janakapur viksit hua.[5]

pramukh paryatan sthal

jaanki mandir janakapur

naulakha mandir: janakapur mein Ram-jaanki ke kai mandir hain. inmein sabse bhavya mandir ka nirmaan Bhaarat ke teekamagadh ki mahaaraani vrushabhaanu kumaari ne karavaaya. putr praapti ki kaamna se mahaaraani vrushabhaanu kumaari ne ayodhya mein 'kanak bhavan mandir' ka nirmaan karavaaya parantu putr praapt na hone par guru ki aajnyaa se putr praapti ke liye janakapuri mein 1896 E. mein jaanki mandir ka nirmaan karavaaya. mandir nirmaan praarambh ke 1 varsh ke andar hi vrushabhaanu kumaari ko putr praapt hua. jaanki mandir ke nirmaan hetu nau lakh rupae ka sankalp kiya gaya tha. falasvaroop use 'naulakha mandir' bhi kehte hain. parantu iske nirmaan mein 18 lakh rupaya kharch hua. jaanki mandir ke nirmaan kaal mein hi vrushabhaanu kumaari ke nidhnoparaant unki bahan Narendra kumaari ne mandir ka nirmaan kaarya poora karavaaya. baad mein vrushabhaanukumaari ke pati ne Narendra kumaari se vivaah kar liya. jaanki mandir ka nirmaan 12 varshon mein hua lekin ismein moorti sthaapana 1814 mein hi kar di gayi aur pooja praarambh ho gayi. jaanki mandir ko daan mein bahut-si bhoomi di gayi hai jo iski aamdani ka pramukh srot hai. jaanki mandir parisar ke bheetar pramukh mandir ke peechhe jaanki mandir uttar ki or 'akhand keertan bhavan' hai jismein 1961 E. se lagaataar seetaaraam naam ka keertan ho raha hai. jaanki mandir ke baahari parisar mein lakshnan mandir hai jiska nirmaan jaanki mandir ke nirmaan se pehle bataaya jaata hai. parisar ke bheetar hi Ram jaanki vivaah mandap hai. mandap ke khanbhon aur doosari jagahon ko milaakar kul 108 pratimaaeain hain.[6]

vivaah mandap (dhanusha) : is mandap mein vivaah panchami ke din poori reeti-rivaaj se Ram-jaanki ka vivaah kiya jaata hai. janakapuri se 14 kilometer 'uttar dhanusha' naamak sthaan hai. bataaya jaata hai ki raamachandr ji ne isi jagah par dhanush toda tha. patthar ke tukade ko avashesh kaha jaata hai. poore varshabhar khaasakar 'vivaah panchami' ke avsar par teerthayaatriyon ka taanta laga rahata hai. Nepal ke mool nivaasiyon ke saath hi apne desh ke Bihar, uttar pradesh, madhya pradesh, pashchim Bengal, Rajasthan tatha Maharashtra raajya ke anginat shraddhaalu nazar aate hain. janakapur mein kai anya mandir aur taalaab hain. pratyek taalaab ke saath alag-alag kahaaniyaaain hain. 'vihaar kund' naam ke taalaab ke paas 30-40 mandir hain. yahaaain ek sanskrut vidyaalaya tatha vishvavidyaalaya bhi hai. vidyaalaya mein chhaatron ko rahane tatha bhojan ki ni:shulk vyavastha hai. yeh vidyaalaya 'jnyaaanakoop' ke naam se jaana jaata hai.[6]

mandap ke chaaron or chaar chhote-chhote 'kohabar' hain jinmein seeta-Ram, maandavi-bharat, urmila-Lakshman evam shrutikeerti-shatrughr ki moortiyaan hain. Ram-mandir ke vishay mein janashruti hai ki anek dinon tak surakishoradaasaji ne jab ek gaaya ko vahaan doodh bahaate dekha to khudaai karaayi jismein shreeraam ki moorti mili. vahaan ek kutiya banaakar usaka prabhaar ek sannyaasi ko saunpa, isliye adyaparyant unke Ram mandir ke mahant sannyaasi hi hote hain jabki vahaan ke anya mandiron ke vairaagi hain.[6]

iske atirikt janakapur mein anek kund hain yatha- ratna saagar, anuraag sarovar, seetaakund ityaadi. unamein sarvapramukh hai pratham arthaat ratnaasaagar jo jaanki mandir se kareeb 9 kilometer door 'dhanukha' mein sthit hai. vaheen shreeraam ne dhanush-bhang kiya tha. kaha jaata hai ki vahaan pratyek pachchees-tees varshon par dhanush ki ek vishaal aakruti banti hai jo aath-das dinon tak dikhaai deti hai.[6]

mandir se kuchh door 'doodhamati' nadi ke baare mein kaha jaata hai ki juti hui bhoomi ke kund se utpann shishu seeta ko doodh pilaane ke uddeshya se kaamadhenu ne jo dhaara bahaayi, usane ukt nadi ka roop dhaaran kar liya.[6]

yaataayaat aur sanchaar suvidhaaen

Nepal ki rajdhani kaathamaandoo se 400 kilometer dakshin poorab mein basa hai. janakapur se kareeb 14 kilometer uttar ke baad pahaad shuroo ho jaata hai. Nepal ki rel seva ka ekamaatr kendra janakapur hai. yahaaain Nepal ka raashtreeya havaai adda bhi hai. janakapur jaane ke liye Bihar raajya se teen raaste hain. pehla rel maarg jayanagar se hai, doosra seetaamadhi jile ke bhiththaamod se bas dvaara hai, teesara maarg madhubani jile ke umagaaainu se bas dvaara hai. Bihar ke darabhanga, madhubani evam seetaamadhi jila se is sthaan par sadak maarg se pahunchana aasaan hai. Bihar ki rajdhani Patna se iska seetaamadhi hote huye seedha sadak sampark hai. Patna se iski doori 140 ki mi hai.[7]

yahaaain se kaathamaandoo jaane ke liye havaai jahaaj bhi upalabdh hain. yaatriyon ke thaharane hetu yahaaain hotel evam dharmashaalaaon ka uchit prabandh hai. yahaaain ke reeti-rivaaj Bihar raajya ke mithlaanchal jaise hi hain. vaise praacheen mithila ki rajdhani maana jaata hai yeh shahar. bhaarateeya paryatak ke saath hi anya desh ke paryatak bhi kaafi sankhya mein yahaaain aate hain.[7]

sandarbh

  1. mithila ka itihaas, lekhak: Dr Ram prakaash sharma, prakaashak: kaameshvar Singh darabhanga sanskrut vishvavidyaalaya darabhanga, prushth sankhya : 481
  2. bhoo parikrama, lekhak : vidyaapati, prushth sankhya : 44
  3. [arthashaastr, lekhak : kautilya, adhyaaya : 6, prakaran : 3]
  4. aaryaavart, hindi dainik, Patna sanskaran, ravivaar,25.8.68, prushth sankhya : 9
  5. a aa "do sanskrutiyon ka setu: janakapur-Shweta priydarshani". abhivyakti. http://www.abhivyakti-hindi.org/paryatan/2009/janakpurnepal/janakpur.htm. abhigman tithi: 12 August 2014.
  6. a aa i E u "ek janakapur anek kahaaniyaan". dainik tribyoon. http://dainiktribuneonline.com/2013/08/%E0%A4%8F%E0%A4%95-%E0%A4%9C%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%81%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%85%E0%A4%A8%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%95-%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%B9%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%AF%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%82/. abhigman tithi: 12 August 2014.
  7. a aa "janakapur". pupari. http://pupri.in/janakpur-dham.html. abhigman tithi: 12 August 2014.

baahari kadiyaaain

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg mukhaprushth vikiyaatra se janakapur hetu yaatra guide.

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