jamaanat

jmaanat (angreji: bail) kisi aparaadh ke aaropi vyakti ko kaaraagaar se chhudaane ke liye nyaayaalaya ke samaksh jo sampatti jama ki jaati hai ya dene ki pratijnyaa ki jaati hai use kehte hain. jamaanat paakar nyaayaalaya isse nishchint ho jaata hai ki aaropi vyakti sunavaai ke liye avashya aayega anyatha usaki jamaanat jabt kar li jaayegi (aur sunavaai ke liye na aane par fir se pakada ja sakta hai.)

jmaanat ke anusaar aparaadh do prakaar ke hote hain-

  • (k) pratham anusoochi mein jmaanati aparaadh ke roop mein dikhaaya gaya ho , ya
  • (kh) tatsamaya pravirtya kisi vidhi dvaara jmaanati aparaadh banaaya gaya ho , ya
  • (g) gair-jmaanati aparaadh se bhinn anya koi aparaadh ho .

sanhita ki pratham anusoochi mein jamaanateeya evam gair-jmaanati aparaadhon ka ullekh kiya gaya hai. jo aparaadh jmaanati bataaya gaya hai aur usamein abhiyukt ki jmaanat sveekaar karna police adhikaari evam nyaayaalaya ka karttavya hai. udaaharan ke liye, kisi vyakti ko svechhaapoorvak saadhaaran chot pahuainchaana, use sadosh roop se avarodhit athva parirodhit karna, kisi stri ki lajja bhang karna, maanahaani karna aadi jmaanati aparaadh hain.

  • (2) gair-jmaanati aparaadh (Non-Bailable Offence) - bhaarateeya dand prakriya sanhita mein 'gair-jmaanati' ki paribhaasha naheen di gayi hai. at: ham yeh kah sakte hai ki aisa aparaadh jo -
  • (k) jmaanati naheen hain, evam
  • (kh) jise pratham anusoochi mein gair-jmaanati aparaadh ke roop mein ankit kiya gaya hai, ve gair-jmaanati aparaadh hain.

saamaanyataya gambhir prakruti ke aparaadhon ko gair-jmaanati banaaya gaya hai. aise aparaadhon mein jmaanat sveekaar kiya jaana ya naheen karna nyaayaadheesh ke vivek par nirbhar karta hai. udahaaran ke liye, chori ke liye gruh atichaar, gruh-bhedan, aparaadhik nyaas bhang aadi gair-jmaanati aparaadh hain.

sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

  • agrim jamaanat
  • praathamiki
  • giraftaari