jaliyaanvaala baag

jaliyaanvaala baag

jaliyaanvaala baag mein smaarak
nirdeshaank 31°a38′aN 74°a52′aE / 31.64°aN 74.86°aE / 31.64; 74.86
sthiti amrutasar
samarpit 1919 mein hue narasanhaar ke shaheed

jaliyaanvaala baag amrutasar ke svarn mandir ke paas ka ek chhota sa bageecha hai jahaaain 13 April 1919 ko Brigadier general rejeenauld daayar ke netrutv mein angreji fauj ne goliyaan chala ke nihatthe, shaant boodhon, mahilaaon aur bachchon sahit saikadon logon ko maar daala tha aur hajaaron logon ko ghaayal kar diya tha. yadi kisi ek ghatna ne bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam par sabse adhik prabhaav daala tha to vah ghatna yeh jaghanya hatyaakaand hi tha.

isi ghatna ki yaad mein yahaaain par smaarak bana hua hai.

anukram

sthiti

jaliyaanvaala baag amrutasar ke svarn mandir ke paas hi sthit hai.

smaarak

is smaarak mein lau ke roop mein ek meenaar banaai gayi hai jahaaain shaheedon ke naam ankit hain. vah kuaaain bhi maujood hain jismein log goleebaari se bachane ke liye kood gaye the. deevaaron par goliyon ke nishaan aaj bhi dekhe ja sakte hain.[1]

is dukhad ghatna ke liye smaarak banaane hetu aam janta se chanda ikattha karke is jameen ke maalikon se kareeb 5 lakh 65 hajaar rupae mein ise khareeda gaya tha. [2]

1997 mein mahaaraani elijaabeth ne is smaarak par mrutakon ko shraddhaanjali di thi. 2013 mein british pradhaanamantri David kaimaraun bhi is smaarak par aae the. vijitrs book mein unhonnein likha ki "british itihaas ki yeh ek sharmanaak ghatna thi."[3]

sankshipt itihaas

kaand ke maheenon baad 1919 mein baag ka drushya

baisaakhi ke din 13 April 1919 ko amrutasar ke jaliyaanvaala baag mein rolet act, angrejon ki damanakaari neetiyon va do netaaon satyapaal aur saifuddeen kichloo ki giraftaari ke virodh mein ek sabha rakhi gayi, jismein kuchh neta bhaashan dene vaale the. shahar mein curfew laga hua tha, fir bhi ismein sainkadon log aise bhi the, jo baisaakhi ke mauke par parivaar ke saath mela dekhne aur shahar ghoomane aae the aur sabha ki khabar sun kar vahaan ja pahunche the. kareeb 5,000 log jaliyaanvaala baag mein ikatthe the. british sarkaar ke kai adhikaariyon ko yeh 1857 ke gadar ki punaraavrutti jaisi paristhiti lag rahi thi jise na hone dene ke liye aur kuchalane ke liye vo kuchh bhi karne ke liye taiyaar the.

jab neta baag mein padi rodiyon ke dher par khade ho kar bhaashan de rahe the, tabhi Brigadier general rejeenauld daayar 90 british sainikon ko lekar vahaan pahuainch gaya. un sab ke haathon mein bhari hui raaifalein theen. sainikon ne baag ko gher kar bina koi chetaavani diye nihatthe logon par goliyaaain chalaani shuru kar Dean. 10 minute mein kul 1650 round goliyaan chalaai gain. jaliyaanvaala baag us samay makaanon ke peechhe pada ek khaali maidaan tha. vahaan tak jaane ya baahar nikalne ke liye keval ek sankara raasta tha aur chaaron or makaan the. bhaagane ka koi raasta naheen tha. kuchh log jaan bachaane ke liye maidaan mein maujood ekamaatr kuen mein kood gaye, par dekhte hi dekhte vah kuaan bhi laashon se pat gaya.

shaheedi kuaan

amrutasar ke deputy commissioner kaaryaalaya mein 484 shaheedon ki soochi hai, jabki jaliyaanvaala baag mein kul 388 shaheedon ki soochi hai. british raaj ke abhilekh is ghatna mein 200 logon ke ghaayal hone aur 379 logon ke shaheed hone ki baat sveekaar karte hai jabki anaadhikaarik aaainkadon ke anusaar 1000 se adhik log maare gaye aur 2000 se adhik ghaayal hue. is ghatna ke pratighaat svaroop sardaar udhamasinh ne 13 March 1940 ko unhonne London ke kaiksatan hall mein is ghatna ke samay british leftinent Governor maayakal O Dwyer ko goli chala ke maar daala. unhein 31 July 1940 ko faaainsi par chadha diya gaya.

gailari

sandarbh