jalaaluddeen khilji

Delhi saltanat ke khilji vansh ka shaasak. jalaaluddeen firoj khilji (1290-1296 E.) 'khilji vansh' ka sansthaapak tha. usane apna jeevan ek sainik ke roop mein sharoo kiya tha. apni yogyata ke bal par usane 'sar-A-jahaaaindaar/shaahi angarakshak' ka pad praapt kiya tatha baad mein samaana ka soobedaar bana. kaikubaad ne use 'aarij-A-mumaalik' ka pad diya aur 'shaaista khaaain' ki upaadhi ke saath sinhaasan par bithaaya. usane Delhi ke bajaay kilokhari ke maadhya mein raajyaabhishek karavaaya. sultaan bante samay jalaaluddeen ki umr 70 varsh ki thi. Delhi ka vah pehla sultaan tha, jiski aantarik neeti doosaron ko prasann karne ke siddhaant par thi. usane hindu janta ke prati udaar drushtikon apnaaya.

anukram

raajyaabhishek evam upalabdhiyaaain

jalaaluddeen ne apne raajyaabhishek ke ek varsh baad Delhi mein pravesh kiya. usane apne putron ko khaanakhaana, arkali khaaain, evam kdr khaaain ki upaadhi pradaan ki. jalaaluddeen firoj khilji ne apne alp shaasan kaal mein kuchh mahattvapoorn upalabdhiyaaain praapt keen. in upalabdhiyon mein usane August, 1290 mein kadaamaanikpur ke soobedaar malik chhajjoo, jisne 'sultaan mugeesuddeen' ki upaadhi dhaaran kar apne naam ke sikke chalavaaye evam khutaba (prashansaatmak rachana) padha, ke vidroh ko dabaaya. is avsar par kadaamaanikpur ki soobedaari usane apne bhateeje alaauddeen khilji ko di. usaka 1291 E. mein ranathanbhaur ka abhiyaan asafal raha. 1292 E. mein mandaur evam jhaain ke kilon ko jeetne mein jalaaluddeen ko safalta mili. Delhi ke niktavarti kshetron mein usane thagon ka daman kiya. 1292 E. mein hi mangol aakramanakaari halaakoo ka pautr abdulla lagbhag dedh lakh sipaahiyon ke saath Punjab par aakraman kar sunaam patak pahuainch gaya, parantu alaauddeen ne mangolon ko paraast karne mein safalta praapt ki aur ant mein donon ke beech sandhi hui. mangol vaapas jaane ke liye teyaar ho gaye. parantu changej khaaain ke naati ulagoo ne apne lagbhag 400 mangol samarthakon ke saath islaam dharm grahan kar Bhaarat mein rahane ka nirnaya liya. kaalaantar mein jalaaluddeen ne ulagoo ke saath hi apni putri ka vivaah kiya aur saath hi rahane ke liye Delhi ke sameep 'mugaralapur' naam ki basti basaai gayi. baad mein unhein hi 'naveen musalmaan' ke naam se jaana gaya.

udaar vyakti

jalaaluddeen ne Iran ke dhaarmik paakeer seedi maula ko haathi ke pairon tale kuchalava diya. haalaaainki yeh sultaan ka ek maatr kathor kaarya tha, anyatha usaki neeti udaarata aur sabhi ko santushth karne ki thi. jalaaluddeen ke shaasan kaal mein hi usaki bhateeje alaauddeen khilji ne shaasak banane se poorv hi 1292 E. mein apne chaacha ki sveekruti ke baad bhilsa evam devagiri ka abhiyaan kiya. us samay devagiri ka aakraman musalmaanon ka dakshin Bhaarat par pratham aakraman tha. in donon abhiyaanon se alaauddeen ko apaar sampatti praapt hui. ameer ne maarg mein hi alaauddeen khilji se sampatti ko chheenane ki salaah di, parantu jalaaluddeen ne is par koi dhyaan naheen diya.

hatya

jalaaluddeen khilji ki hatya ke shadyantr mein alaauddeen khilji ne apne bhaai alamaas veg ki sahaayata li, jise baad mein 'uloog khaaain' ki upaadhi se vibhooshit kiya gaya. is prakaar alaauddeen khilji ne udaar chaacha ki hatya kar Delhi ke takht par 22 October 1296 ko balaban ke laal mahal mein apna raajyaabhishek karavaaya. jalaaluddeen khilji ka shaasan udaar nirankushata par aadhaarit tha. apni udaar neeti ke kaaran jalaaluddeen ne kaha tha, “amai ek vruddh musalmaan hooain aur musalmaan ka rakt bahaana meri aadat naheen hai.” ameer khusaro aur imaami donon ne alaauddeen khilji ko “abhaagyavaadi vyakti” kaha hai.

barani ka kathan

alaauddeen khilji ke raajyaabhishek par barani ka kathan hai ki, “ashaheed sultaan (firoj khilji) ke kate mastashk se abhi rakt tapak hi raha tha ki, shaahi chandoba alaauddeen khilji ke sir par rakha gaya aur use sultaan ghoshit kar diya gaya.”