jalaalaabaad

jadeed jalaal aabaad ki ek nishaani

jalaal aabaad- masharaki afgaanistaan ka ek shahar (angreji: Jalal Abad, pashto:جaaلaaاaaل اaaبaaاaaدjalaal abbaad) ye shahar afgaanistaan mein darayaaai Kabul aur darayaaai kinaar ya kannad ke sangam par vaakia hai. vaadi lagmaan mein ye shahar afgaanistaan ke sooba nanigrahaar ka sadar mukaam bhi hai. jalaal aabaad Kabul se masharik ki jaanib 95 mel ke faasale par vaakia hai, itna hi faasala pishaavar (Pakistan) se jalaal aabaad ki taraf magrib ki jaanib hai.
jalaal aabaad masharaki afgaanistaan mein vaakia sab se bada shahar hai aur isi lihaaj se is ilaake ka samaaji O- tijaarati marakaj bhi hai. kaagj ki sanaat, falon ki paidaavaar, chaaval aur gine ki paidaavaar ke liye ye shahar shauharat rakhata hai. Pakistan aur Bhaarat ke saath vust Asiaee riyaasaton ki tijaarat ke liye jalaal aabaad kaleedi ehameeyat rakhata hai.

anukram

taareekh

630e mein mashahoor cheeni budh majhab ke rahanumaae jvaanag eenag jalaal aabaad pahunche to unhon ne khyaal kya ki vo Hindustan pahunch chuke hain. is vakt ye shahar gandha ra tahajeeb ka ek bada marakaj tha aur saatavein sadi mein arab hamla aavaron ne use ftah kya. ftah ke baad bhi yahaan mukaami aabaadi ke kuchh hisse ne islaam kbool karne se inkaar kar diya. taareekh ki ek kitaab hadood elaaalam jo ki 982e mein likhi gayi thi mein tahareer hai ki jalaal aabaad ke mujaafaat mein ek kasba tha jahaan is vakt ke baadshah ki hindu, muslamaan aur afgaan beeveeyaan rihaaish pajeer theen.
ye shahar dasveen sadi mein tark gajnavi shahanashaaheet ka hissa ban gaya, jab sultaan Mehmood gajnavi ne Hindustan par hamla kya. jadeed door hukoomat mein jalaal aabaad ko shahanshaah baabar ke jmaane mein ehameeyat mili. saltanat mugliya Hindustan ke mugl baadshah baabar ne is shahar ko marakaji haiseeyat dilaai aur is shahar ne tarakki ki manaajl shahanshaah baabar ke pote jalaal uddeen muhammad Akbar ke door hukoomat mein tai keen. jalaal aabaad ka asal naam aadeena por tha lekin jalaal uddeen muhammad Akbar ke is shahar par ehasaanaat ki badaulat jalaal aabaad rakha gaya.
is shahar par bartaanavi afvaaj ka pehla hamla Akbar Khan ne 1842e mein puspa kya, lekin doosari ingalistaani afgaan jang ke dauraan bartaanavi afvaaj 1878e mein is shahar ko raundati hui aage badheen.
1980e aur 1990e ke daramyaani arasa mein is shahar ko afgaan jang ke dauraan marakaji haiseeyat haasil rahi aur ye shahar Kabul ke baad marakaji haiseeyat ikhtayaar kar gaya. ye shahar afgaan Taliban ne Kabul par hamla ke vakt ftah kar liya.
aaj ye shaharnaito aur akvaam mutahada ki madad se dubaara taameer kya ja raha hai aur mataasareen jang jo Pakistan muntakil ho gaye the rafta rafta vaapis laut rahe hain. afgaan tahajeeb mein jalaal aabaad ko marakaji haiseeyat haasil hai. yahaan mukaami afgaan fauj ke alaava Amreeki fauj ke daste bahut badi taadaad mein maujood hain aur jalaal aabaad aieeriport par Amreeki fauji adda afgaanistaan mein sab se bada Amreeki adda tasavvur kya jaata hai.

taareekhi imaaraat O- yaadagaareen

1929e mein ameer habeeb ullaah aur shaah amaan ullaah ki rihaaish gaah jo jalaal aabaad mein vaakia thi, is ko tabaah kar diya gaya. is mahal ka naam siraaj elaimaarat tha. donon hukmaraanao-n ke majaar siraaj elaimaarat se malahaka baag mein kaayam hain.
khudaai khidmatagaar tahareek ke sarabaraah Khan abdaalagffaar Khan ka majaar bhi jalaal aabaad mein vaakia hai aur unhein in ki vaseet ke mutaabik yahaan dafn kya gaya tha.

tarj ma shart

jalaal aabaad ki takreeban aabaadi pakhtoonon par mushatamil hai, ek andaaje ke mutaabik %90 aabaadi pakhtoon hai. in ke alaava paashi jo ki pakhtoon hi tasavvur kiye jaate hain ki aabaadi %7 hai. bakeeya %3 aabaadi taajakon, gujaron par mushatamil hai. pashto yahaan ki ajeem tareen jbaan hai aur yahi poore sooba nanigrahaar mein raaij hai. faarasi aur urdoo yahaan ki doosari jbaanein hain jo ki najdeeki shaharon ke asaraat jaahir karti hain.

jadeed yuti

jalaal aabaad ki ek shaaharaah

haaleeya manasooba baraae tarakki afgaanistaan mein afgaanistaan ki pehli rel ki patari bichhaane ka iraada kya gaya hai jo jalaal aabaad ko Pakistan ke vaseea railway ke nijaam se jod de gi. is tarah donon mumaalik ke daramyaan tijaarat aur safari saholeeat ki bina par tarakki ki nai manaajl tai hoon gi. jalaal aabaad se Kabul aur pishaavar tak sadkon ki aj sar nau taameer O- kushaadagi ka manasooba bhi jer gaur hai. sayaahat aur tijaarat ke lihaaj se pishaavar aur jalaal aabaad ka aapas mein raabita balaashaba ilaake mein tarakki laae ga, fi ilahaal is baat par gaur kya ja raha hai ki kis tarah se railway line aur sadkon par kaafilon aur tijaarati saamaan ko tahaffuj fraaham kya jaae.
Kabul aur jalaal aabaad ke daramyaan sadak ko pehle hi kushaada kya ja chuka hai jis ki vajah se door adhnya safr aur mushkilaat mein khaatir khaah kami vaakia hui hai.

majeed dekhiye

havaala jaat

sooba nanagar haar ke shahar aur maaloomaat
valeem O-vigsaang; di afgaanaj (vali black veel ne 2002e mein shaaya ki)
pishaavar ka gajieetiyr 1897e safaah 55

bairooni ravaabit