jagat (jeevavijnyaaan)

jagat jeevavaijnyaaanik vargeekaran ki ek ooainchi shreni hai aur ek jagat mein kai jeev sangh shaamil hote hain

jagat (angreji: kingdom, kingadam) jeevavaijnyaaanik vargeekaran mein jeevon ke vargeekaran ki ek ooainchi shreni hoti hai. aadhunik jeevavaijnyaaanik vargeekaran mein yeh shreni sanghon (faayalamon) se oopar aati hai, yaani ek jagat mein bahut se sangh hote hain aur bahut se sanghon ko ek jeevavaijnyaaanik jagat mein sangathit kiya jaata hai.[1]

anukram

chhah jagat

aadhunik kaal mein ameriki paathyakramon mein sabhi jeevon ko chhah jagaton mein vibhaajit kiya gaya hai -

  • aineemeliya (Animalia), jise hindi mein 'jantu' kehte hain - yeh jaanvaron ka jagat hai
  • plaantaae (Plantae), jise hindi mein 'paadap' kehte hain - yeh paudhon ka jagat hai
  • fngas (Fungus), jise hindi mein 'kavak' ya 'fafoond' kehte hain - sabhi kukuramutte is jagat mein aate hain
  • protista (Protista), jo ek koshika (sel) vaale yeh bahu-koshika vaale saral jeev hote hain - ismein protojoaa shaamil hain, masalan plaasamodiym naamak keetaanu (jo maleriya ki bimaari ka kaaran hota hai) aur ameeba
  • aarkeeya (Archaea), jo ek koshika vaale aise jeev hote hain jinmein kendrak (nyookliys) naheen hota
  • baikteeriya (Bacteria), jinhein hindi mein kabhi-kabhi jeevaanu bhi kaha jaata hai

alag deshon mein aksar in jagaton ki paribhaashaaeain alag hoti hain. udaaharan ke liye Britain mein kabhi-kabhi keval paaainch jagat maane jaate hain. jeevavaijnyaaanik vargeekaran mein jagat se oopar adhijgat (domen, domain) ki shreni aati hai aur in chhah jagaton ko unamein is prakaar sangathit kiya jaata hai -


life

adhijgat baikteeriya (Domain Bacteria)

jagat baikteeriya (Kingdom Bacteria)





adhijgat aarkeeya (Domain Archaea)

jagat aarkeeya (Kingdom Archaea)





adhijgat yukaarya (Domain Eukarya)

jagat protista (Kingdom Protoctista ya Kingdom Protista)



jagat plaantaae ya paadap (Kingdom Plantae)



jagat fngas ya fafoond (Kingdom Fungi)



jagat aineemeliya ya jantu (Kingdom Animalia)







laatini bhaasha mein naam

jeevavaijnyaaanik jagaton ke aupachaarik naam aksar laatini bhaasha mein hote hain kyonki jeevavaijnyaaanik vargeekaran ki pratha 17veen aur 18veen sadiyon mein Europe mein shuroo hui thi aur us samay vahaaain laatini gyaan ki bhaasha maani jaati thi. yeh rivaayat abhi tak chalti I hai. aadhunik kaal mein istemaal hone waali vargeekaran vyavastha 18veen shataabdi mein kaarl leeniys naamak sveedi vaigyaanik ne ki thi.

udaaharan

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. The Evolution and Extinction of the Dinosaurs, David E. Fastovsky, David B. Weishampel, pp. 68, Cambridge University Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-521-81172-9, ... Biological classification ... The categories that he established - now a memorized mantra - are (in order of decreasing size), kingdom, phylum, class, order family, genus, species ...