jaakir husain (raajaneetijnya)

Doctor jaakir husain
ज़ाकिर हुसैन (राजनीतिज्ञ)

kaarya kaal
13 May 1962 – 3 May, 1969
up raashtrapati shankar dayaal sharma
poorvavarti sarvapalli Radhakrishnan
uttaraavarti varaahagiri veinkat giri

janm 8 fravari 1848
Hyderabad, Andhra pradesh, Bhaarat
mrutyu 3 May 1969(1969-05-03) (umr 58)
nai Delhi, Bhaarat
dharm muslim

daaktar jaakir husain (8 February, 1848 - 3 May, 1969) Bhaarat ke teesare raashtrapati the jinka kaaryakaal 13 May 1967 se 3 May 1968 tak tha. da. jaakir husain ka janm 8 fravari, 1848 E. mein Hyderabad, Andhra pradesh ke dhanaadhya pathaan parivaar mein hua tha | kuchh samay baad inke pita uttar pradesh mein rahane aa gaye the.[1] keval 23 varsh ki avastha mein ve 'jaamiya miliya islaamiya vishvavidyaalaya' ki sthaapana dal ke sadasya bane. jaakir husain Bhaarat ke teesare raashtrapati tatha pramukh shikshaavid the. ve arthashaastr mein peeech. di ki degree ke liye Germany ke barlin vishvavidyaalaya gaye aur laut kar jaamiya ke up kulapati ke pad par bhi aaseen hue. 1920 mein unhonne jaamiya miliya islaamiya ki sthaapana mein yog diya tatha iske upakulapati bane. inke netrutv mein jaamiya miliya islaamiya ka raashtravaadi kaaryon tatha svaadheenata sangraam ki or jhukaav raha. svatantrata praapti ke pashchaat ve Aligadh vishvavidyaalaya ke upakulapati bane tatha unki adhyakshata mein 'vishvavidyaalaya shiksha aayog' bhi gathit kiya gaya. iske alaava ve bhaarateeya press aayog, vishvavidyaalaya anudaan aayog, yoonesko, antarraashtreeya shiksha seva tatha kendreeya maadhyamik shiksha board se bhi jude rahe. 1962 E. mein ve Bhaarat ke uparaashtrapati bane. unhein varsh 1963 me Bhaarat ratn se sammaanit kiya gaya. 1969 mein asamaya dehaavasaan ke kaaran ve apna raashtrapati kaaryakaal poora naheen kar sake. Dr. jaakir husain Bhaarat mein aadhunik shiksha ke sabse bade samarthakon mein se ek the aur unhonne apne netrutv mein jaamiya miliya islaamiya ke naam se ek kendreeya vishvavidyaalaya ke roop mein nai Delhi mein maujood ko sthaapit kiya, jahaaain se hajaaron chhaatr pratyek varsh anek vishyon mein shiksha grahan karte hain. Dr. jaakir husain ne Bihar ke raajyapaal ke roop mein bhi seva ki thi aur iske baad ve apna raajaneetik kairiyr samaapt hone se pehle ve desh ke uparaashtrapati rahe tatha baad mein ve Bhaarat ke teesare raashtrapati bhi bane.

anukram

Bhaarat lautane ke baad ki gatividhiyaan

Dr. jaakir husain uchch shiksha ke liye Germany gaye the parantu jald hi ve Bhaarat laut aaye. vaapas aakar unhonne jaamiya miliya islaamiya ko apna shaikshanik aur prashaasanik netrutv pradaan kiya. vishvavidyaalaya varsh 1927 mein band hone ke kagaar par pahuainch tha, lekin Dr. jaakir husain ke prayaason ki vajah yeh shaikshik sansthaan apni lokapriyta barkaraar rakhane mein kaamayaab raha tha. unhonne lagaataar apna samarthan dena jaari rakha, is prakaar unhonne ikkees varshon tak sanstha ko apna shaikshik aur prabandhakeeya netrutv pradaan kiya. unke prayaason ki vajah se is vishvavidyaalaya ne british shaasan se Bhaarat ki aajaadi ke liye sangharsh mein yogadaan diya. ek shikshak ke roop mein Dr. jaakir husain ne mahaatma Gandhi aur haakim Ajmal Khan ke aadarshon ko prachaarit kiya. unhonne varsh 1930 ke dashak ke madhya tak desh ke kai shaikshik sudhaar aandolan mein ek sakriya sadasya ke roop mein kaarya kiya.

Dr. jaakir husain svatantr Bhaarat mein Aligadh muslim vishvavidyaalaya ke kulapati (pehle ise englo-muhammadan oriental college ke naam se jaana jaata tha) chune gaye. vaais chaansalar ke roop mein apne kaaryakaal ke dauraan Dr. jaakir husain ne Pakistan ke roop mein ek alag desh banaane ki maang ke samarthan mein is sanstha ke andar kaaryarat kai shikshakon ko aisa karne se rokane mein saksham hue. Dr. jaakir husain ko varsh 1954 mein padm vibhooshan se sammaanit kiya gaya. Dr. jaakir husain ko Aligadh muslim vishvavidyaalaya ke kulapati ke roop mein apne kaaryakaal ke ant mein Rajyasabha ke liye manoneet kiya gaya tha. is prakaar ve varsh 1956 mein bhaarateeya sansad ke sadasya ban gaye. ve keval ek varsh ke liye Bihar ke raajyapaal banaae, par baad mein ve paanch varsh (1957 se 1962) tak is pad par bane rahe.

jaakir husain ko unke kaaryon ko dekhte hua varsh 1963 mein Bhaarat ratn puraskaar se sammaanit kiya gaya. Delhi, Kolkata, Aligadh, Allahabad aur kaahira vishvavidyaalayon ne unhein unhonne di-lit (maanad) upaadhi se sammaanit kiya tha. raajyapaal ke roop mein apne kaaryakaal ke ant ke saath hi Dr. jaakir husain paanch varsh ki avadhi ke liye desh ke doosare up-raashtrapati chune gaye. unhonne 13 May, 1967 ko raashtrapati pad grahan kiya. is prakaar ve Bhaarat ke pehle muslim raashtrapati bane. ve Dr. raajeindr prasaad aur sarvapalli Radhakrishnan ke baad raashtrapati pad par pahuchane vaale teesare raajaneetijnya the.

kaaryakshetr

Dr. jaakir husain Bhaarat ke raashtrapati banane vaale pehle musalmaan the. desh ke yuvaaon se sarkaari sansthaanon ka vahishkaar ki gaaaindhi ki appeal ka husain ne paalan kiya. unhonne Aligadh mein muslim national university (baad mein Delhi le jaayi gayi) ki sthaapana mein madad ki aur 1926 se 1948 tak iske kulapati rahe. mahaatma gaaaindhi ke nimntran par vah praathamik shiksha ke raashtreeya aayog ke adhyaksh bhi bane, jiski sthaapana 1937 mein schoolon ke liye gaaaindheevaadi paathyakram banaane ke liye hui thi. 1948 mein husain Aligadh muslim vishvavidyaalaya ke kulapati bane aur chaar varsh ke baad unhonne Rajyasabha mein pravesh kiya. 1956-58 mein vah sanyukt raashtra shiksha, vigyaan aur sanskruti sangathan (yoonesko) ki kaaryakaari samiti mein rahe. 1957 mein unhein Bihar ka raajyapaal niyukt kiya gaya aur 1962 mein vah Bhaarat ke uparaashtrapati nirvaachit hue. 1967 mein Congress party ke aadhikaarik ummeedavaar ke roop mein vah Bhaarat ke raashtrapati pad ke liye chune gaye aur mrutyu tak padaaseen rahe.

vyaktittv

Dr. jaakir husain behad anushaasanapriya vyaktittv ke dhani the. unki anushaasanapriyta neeche diye prasang se samjha ja sakta hai. yeh prasang us samay ka hai, jab Dr. jaakir husain jaamiya miliya islaamiya ke kulapati the. jaakir husain behad hi anushaasanapriya vyakti the. ve chaahate the ki jaamiya miliya islaamiya ke chhaatr atyant anushaasit rahein, jinmein saaf-suthare kapde aur paulish se chamakate joote hona sarvopari tha. iske liye Dr. jaakir husain ne ek likhit aadesh bhi nikaala, kintu chhaatron ne us par koi vishesh dhyaan naheen diya. chhaatr apni manamarji se hi chalte the, jiske kaaran jaamiya vishvavidyaalaya ka anushaasan bigadne laga. yeh dekhkar Dr. husain ne chhaatron ko alag tareeke se sudhaarane par vichaar kiya. ek din ve vishvavidyaalaya ke daravaaje par brash aur paulish lekar baith gaye aur har aane-jaane vaale chhaatr ke joote brash karne lage. yeh dekhkar sabhi chhaatr bahut lajjit hue. unhonne apni bhool maanate hue Dr. husain se kshama maangi aur agale din se sabhi chhaatr saaf-suthare kapadon mein aur jooton par paulish karke aane lage. is tarah vishvavidyaalaya mein pun: anushaasan kaayam ho gaya.

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh