islaami sanskruti

TajMahalbyAmalMongia.jpg
par ek shrunkhala ka bhaag

isalaami sanskruti

vaastukala

arabi · ajeri
hindustaani · Iwan · malaya
daladal · morakkan · mugl
turk · faarasi · somaali

kala

sulekh · laghu · aasan

vastr

abaaya · agal · baubau
burka · chador · jellaabiya
nikaab · salavaar kameej
taakiy: · kuffiyaah · thaavaab
jilbaab · hijaab

tyohaar

ashura · arabaain · al-gaadeer
chaaaind raat · al-fitr · al-adha
imaamat diwas · al-kaadhim
naya saal · isra aur miraaj
al-kdr · mauleed · ramajaan
mugham · mid-shaaabaan
al-tayyab

saahitya

arabi · ajeri · bangaali
indoneshiyaai · jaavaanees · Kashmiri
kurd · malaya · faarasi · punjabi · sindhi
somaali · hindi · Turkey · urdoo

maarshal kala

silaath · silth meleyu · kurash

sangeet
dastgaah · gjl · madeeh nabavi

makaam · mugaam · nasheed
kavvaali

theatre

kaaraagaoj aur hasivt
taajih · vyang
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islaam praveshadvaar

duniya bhar ke musalmaanon mein paae jaane vaale aam aitihaasik reeti ravaajon ko vyakt karne waali shabd hi islaami sanskruti 'hai. islaami sanskruti, sanyukt roop se arabi, Irani, Turkey, mangoliya, Bhaarat, malaaiyaai aur indoneshiyn sanskrutiyon ka maraki hai.

anukram

shabd asahamati

choonki musalmaan duniya ke vibhinn ilaake, maalik aur baajaar mein base hain aur jo sanskruti pai jaati hai vah kshetreeya hai na ki islaami. lekin sachchaai yeh hai ki chaahe musalmaan kisi bhi kshetr mein kyon na ho vah dhaarmik aadhaar par hai. duniya ke musalmaan saanskrutik aadhaar par ek doosare ko alag mahasoos naheen karte.

dhaarmik paranparaaon aur vishvaason

dharman islaami jo aam parampara hai sabhi islaami sanskruti mein pai jaati hain. ismein kuraaaan jaise praarthana aur gair Quraan jaise islaami samaaj mein samudaaya dekhe ja sakte hain.

bhaasha aur saahitya

arabi

bokat ugata islaam, shahar madeena mein muhammad aur sahaaba ke bhaasha choonki arabi thi, usi bhaasha ko islaami bhaasha ka darja diya gaya. kuraaan, hadeeson, seerat aur anya gyaan sabhi arabi bhaasha se sambandh rakhate hain. aur yahi arabi muslim samaaj ki bhaasha saabit huin.

banu umayya ke daur mein bhi yahi bhaasha har khaas aur aam mein chaaloo thi. aur door ki bhaasha mein gair dhaarmik paranparaaon bhi chaaloo hue. jaise kitaab k leelah jo duniya har muslim samaaj mein khyaati hai, likhi gayi. arab samaaj ke alaava gair arab kshetron mein bhi arabi bhaasha seekhi jaane lagi.

faarasi

khilaaft abbaasiya ke daur mein faarasi aam hui aur islaami sunahari daur ki sarkaari bhaasha bhi maani jaane lagi. is daur mein faarasi baam charam par rahi. faarasi saahitya fala foola. maulaana room ki shaayari aur fareed aladeen iaar ki tark aatiyeer is daur ki kaafi prasiddh kitaabein hain.

bangaali

Bengal mein shuroo hui ''bol'' rivaaj, jo lok sangeet thi, dheere dheere soofi tareeke mein ekeekrut ho gain.

urdoo

urdoo saahitya vishesh roop se kaseedah suaaniyaan islaami sanskruti ke roop mein aaj bhi jeevit hain. visheshakar, stuti, nit aur manakabat dhaarmik rang hain, kavita, gajl aur anya aasanaaf sukhn gair dhaarmik hain, lekin muslim samaaj ka ek mahatvapoorn hissa ban chuki hain.

aadhunik

aadhunik daur mein islaami samaaj kai bhaashaaon shaamil hai. kaheen arabi, kaheen Turkey, kaheen faarasi, kaheen urdoo, bangaali, milaaya aur anya bhaashaaen islaami sanskruti ka hissa ban ein. aur angreji bhi islaami sanskruti ke god mein dheere dheere aane lagi hai.

Eid

shaadi

islaam mein shaadi ya shaadi ya shaadi bahut hi mahatva rakhati hai. muhammad ka ishaad hai ki shaadi aadhi dharm hai. kai hadeeson se shaadi aur parivaar ki mahatva ka pata chalta hai. islaam mein shaadi, purush aur mahila ke beech ek dhaarmik samjhauta hai.

kala

"veeaaaing kalayat, indoneshiyn kala.
"soofi ki naseehat" 16 veen sadi ki ek tasveer, jo Tehran, galastaan mahal mein hai.

islaami kala, islaami shikshaaon se jude hoe hain, is baat ki pushti itihaas hai. islaami kala mein bejaan saamagri ke photo hi dekhne ko milte hain. sushanamaai ke liye unhein vastuon ke [maanachitr|nakshe]] dekhe ja sakte hain. khaatiya, bail boote, gul aur ganachon ki maanachitr angaariyaan, har nirmaata mein paae jaate hain. anya dharmon mein maanav prakaar ki tadarein milti hain. islaami kala mein mukhya bhoomika Allah ko liya jaata hai aur tasveerein se parahej kiya jaata hai. isliye prakruti ke drushya, prakruti ki koi aur angaariyaan hi islaami kala ki bhoomika hai.

sulekh

kyonki rooparekha hanan chitrakaari hukm hai, isliye kalaakaar apne kala ko bejaan cheejon ko anya banaakar apna jauhar pesh kiya. is kram mein kuraaan aayatein ko nakaashi mein istemaal karne lage. islaami express arabi sulekh ko badhaava dene lage. yeh arabi bhaasha sulekh dheere dheere anya bhaashaaon mein bhi jagah bana li. faarasi, urdoo, Turkey, sindhi aur anya bhaashaaon mein is kala ka jauhar dekha ja sakta hai.

sainik kala

  • muslim aur cheeni sainya kala
  • silaath
  • pahalavaani

sthaapatya

aalahamara la kali, Spain mein islaami sanskruti kendra.
istaanbul mein sthit sultaan Ahmad masjid jo 1616 E. mein poora paain.

arab rivaaj raaabh kala

  • arabi kala sulekh
  • ganabadon nirmaan
  • vujoo box
  • tej rangon ka prayog
  • nirmaan ke aantarik bhaagon ki sushanamaai bhaanti baahari
  • menaaron nirmaan
  • nirmaan mein arabi patra ki nakaashi
  • nirmaan mein aantarik saundarya ka mahatva
  • vyaapak sahanon nirmaan

sangeet

shabd islaami sangeet ek vivaad se bhara shabd hai. jabki islaam mein sangeet hukm hai, to shabd islaami sangeet ka astitv hi mabaham hai. magar islaam mein sangeet nirmaata jinka upayog anivaarya kiya gaya hai (jaise: daf) ki aadhaar par chhaaainte gaye sangeet astitv mein I, fir dheere dheere kshetreeya vichaar ke aadhaar par islaami samaaj mein jagah bana gain.

zyaada dekhiye

sandarbh