indr Kumar gujaraal

indr Kumar gujaraal
इन्द्र कुमार गुजराल

kaaryakaal
21 April 199719 March 1998
poorvavarti echa0 dee0 devagauda
paravarti atal bihaari Vajpayee

janm 4 December 1919
Jhelum, british Bhaarat
mrutyu 30 November 2012 (93 varsh)
gudgaaainv, Bhaarat
raajanaitik dal janta dal
jeevan sangi sheela gujaraal

indr Kumar gujaraal (angreji: I. K. Gujral janm: 4 December 1919, Jhelum - mrutyu: 30 November 2012, gudgaaainv) bhaarateeya ganaraajya ke 13vein pradhaanamantri the. unhonne bhaarateeya svatantrata sangraam mein sakriya roop se hissa liya tha aur 1942 ke Bhaarat chhodo aandolan ke dauraan ve jail bhi gaye.[1] April 1997 mein Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri banane se pehle unhonne kendreeya mantrimndal mein vibhinn padon par kaam kiya. ve sanchaar mantri, sansadeeya kaarya mantri, soochana prasaaran mantri, videsh mantri aur aavaas mantri jaise mahatvapoorn padon par rahe. raajaneeti mein aane se pehle unhonne kuchh samay tak BBC ki hindi seva mein ek patrakaar ke roop mein bhi kaam kiya tha.

1975 mein jin dinon ve indira gaandhi sarkaar mein soochana evam prasaaran mantri the usi samay yeh baat saamane aayi thi ki 1971 ke chunaav mein indira gaandhi ne chunaav jeetne ke liye asamvaidhaanik tareekon ka istemaal kiya hai. indira gaandhi ke bete sanjaya Gandhi ne uttar pradesh se truckon mein bharakar apni maaain ke samarthan mein pradarshan karne ke liye Delhi mein log ikatthe kiye aur indr Kumar gujaraal se dooradarshan dvaara usaka coverage karavaane ko kaha. gujaraal ne ise maanane se inkaar kar diya[2] kyonki sanjaya Gandhi ko koi sarkaari ohada praapt naheen tha. beshak ve pradhaanamantri ke putr the.[3] is kaaran se unhein soochana evam prasaaran mantraalaya se hata diya gaya aur vidyaacharan shukl ko yeh pad saunp diya gaya. lekin baad mein unheen indira gaandhi ki sarkaar mein Moscow mein raajadoot ke taur par gujaraal ne 1980 mein soviyt sangh ke dvaara afgaanistaan mein hastakshep ka virodh kiya. us samay bhaarateeya videsh neeti mein yeh ek bahut bada badlaav tha. us ghatna ke baad hi aage chalakar Bhaarat ne soviyt sangh dvaara Hungary aur chekoslovaakiya mein raajaneetik hastakshep ka virodh kiya.

anukram

vyaktigat jeevan

gujaraal ke pita ka naam avataar Narayan aur maata ka pushpa gujaraal tha. unki shiksha deeksha dee0e0vee0 kaalej, haili college of kaamars aur faurman krishchiyn college Lahore mein hui.[krupaya uddharan jodein] apni yuvaavastha mein ve bhaarateeya svatantrata aandolan mein shareek hue aur 1942 ke "angrejo Bhaarat chhodo" abhiyaan mein jail bhi gaye.[1]

hindi, urdoo aur punjabi bhaasha mein nipun hone ke alaava ve kai anya bhaashaaon ke jaankaar bhi the aur shero-shaayari mein kaafi dilchaspi rakhate the.[2] gujaraal ki patni sheela gujaraal ka nidhan 11 July 2011 ko hua. unke do beton mein se ek naresh gujaraal raajya sabha sadasya hai aur doosra beta vishaal hai. gujaraal ke chhote bhaai sateesh gujaraal ek vikhyaat chitrakaar tatha vaastukaar bhi hai.

30 November 2012 ko gudgaaainv ke medaanta aspataal mein gujaraal ka nidhan ho gaya.[4]

lambi beemaari ke baad nidhan

gujaraal lambe samay se daayalisis par chal rahe the. 19 November 2012 ko chhaati mein sankraman ke baad unhein Haryana sthit gudgaaainv ke ek private aspataal mein bharti karaaya gaya. jahaaain ilaaj ke dauraan hi unki haalat girti chali gayi. 27 November 2012 ko ve achetaavastha mein chale gaye. kaafi koshishon ke baad bhi unhein bachaaya naheen ja saka. aakhirkaar 30 November 2012 ko unki aatma ne unka shareer chhod diya. unke nidhan ka samaachaar milte hi lok sabha va raajya sabha sthagit ho gayi aur is avsar par raashtreeya shok ki ghoshana ke saath Bhaarat ke raashtrapati evam pradhaan mantri ne shok vyakt kiya.

janta ke darshanaarth unka paarthiv shareer unke sarkaari aavaas 5 Janpath nai Delhi mein rakkha gaya. 1 December 2012 ko dopahar baad 3 baje unki antyeshti shaanti van aur vijay ghaat ke madhyavarti kshetr "smruti sthal" par poore raajakeeya sammaan ke saath ki gayi.[5]

gujaraal ki antyeshti mein Bhaarat ke raashtrapati pranav mukharji pradhaanamantri Manmohan Singh, Congress adhyaksh Sonia Gandhi, varishth bhaajapa neta Lal Krishna Advani va Arun Jaitley sahit anek hastiyaaain shaamil huin.

gujaraal ki aatmakatha

indr Kumar gujaraal ne apni aatmakatha angreji bhaasha mein likhi thi jo unke jeevit rahate prakaashit bhi hui. usaka vivran is prakaar hai:


raajaneetik kaaryaalaya
poorvaadhikaari
vishvanaath prataap Singh
videsh mantri
1989–1990
uttaraadhikaari
vidya charan shukl
poorvaadhikaari
sikandar bakht
videsh mantri
1996–1998
uttaraadhikaari
atal bihaari Vajpayee
poorvaadhikaari
H di devagauda
Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri
1997–1998
adhyaksh, yojana aayog
1997–1998
poorvaadhikaari
pi. Chidambaram
vitt mantri
1997–1998
uttaraadhikaari
yashavant sinha

sandarbh

  1. a aa McGirk, Jan (22 April 1997). "Indian intrigue on hold as PM is sworn in". di indipeindeint. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/indian-intrigue-on-hold-as-pm-is-sworn-in-1268624.html. abhigman tithi: 1 December 2012. sandarbh truti: Invalid <ref> tag; name "indep" defined multiple times with different content
  2. a aa "Business Line : News : Architect of 'Gujral Doctrine' is no more". Thehindubusinessline.com. http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/former-prime-minister-ik-gujral-passes-away/article4150486.ece. abhigman tithi: 2012-12-02.
  3. the hindu (samaachaar patra) ke uparokt samaachaar ke anusaar
  4. "poorv pradhaanamantri Indra Kumar gujaraal ka nidhan". aaibeeen 7 (gudgaaainv). 30 November 2012. http://khabar.ibnlive.in.com/news/86621/1. abhigman tithi: 30 November 2012.
  5. "Former PM IK Gujral cremated with full state honours". Zee News. 2 December 2012. http://zeenews.india.com/news/nation/former-pm-ik-gujral-to-be-given-state-funeral-today_813934.html. abhigman tithi: 1 December 2012.
  6. Penguin books, India

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