indar sabha

indar sabha (اaaِaaنaaدaaر سaaبaaهaaا) ek urdoo ka naatak aur opera hai jise Lucknow ke avadh darbaar se sambandh rakhane vaale lekhak va kavi aaga hasan amaanata​ ne likha aur jise manch par sabse pehle san 1853 mein prastut kiya gaya.[1] yeh urdoo ki sabse pehli rachaai jaane waali naatakeeya kruti maani jaati hai.[2] 1863 mein ise freedarikh rojn (Friedrich Rosen) ne Europeeya paathakon ke liye jarman bhaasha mein anuvaadit kiya, jo ki us samay ke sameekshakon ke dvaara saraaha gaya tha.[1][2] 1932 mein madan theatre ne ispar aadhaarit ek film 'indrasabha' bhi banaai thi. dhyaan dein ki jabki mool naatak ka naam lok-boli ke anusaar 'indar sabha' tha, ispar aadhaarit film ka naam sanskrut-prathaanusaar 'indrasabha' tha.[3]

anukram

naatak

yeh opera divyalok mein maharaaj indr ke raajadarabaar ko prushthabhoomi banaakar likha gaya hai. poora naatak kaavya-roop mein likha hua hai aur iski mukhya kahaani ek pari (apsara) aur ek Rajkumar ke beech ki premakatha hai.[4] naatak mein pataakhon aur nakaabon jaisi naatakeeya takaneekon ka prayog kiya gaya hai.[1] vaise to amaanat ne yeh naatak avadh ke raajadarabaar mein rachaane ke liye hi likha tha lekin iske geet jald hi lok-sanskruti mein pravesh kar gaye aur "aane waali kam-se-kam do peedhiyon tak avadh ke geetkaar aur kalaakaar indar sabha ke gaane gaate the".[2][5] iska hindi-urdoo ki geet parampara ke vikaas par bhi prabhaav pada. naatak mein "31 gjlein, 9 thumariyaaain, 4 holiyaaain, 15 geet, 2 chaubole aur 5 chhand sammilit the jinpar aadhaarit kai nrutya prastut kiye ja sakte the".

is naatak ka seedha prabhaav 19veen aur 20veen mein baad mein aane vaale kai urdoo naatakon par bada jinmein khaadim husain afsos ka 'bajm-A-sulayamaan' (san 1862), bhairon Singh asmata​ ka 'jashn-A-paristaan' aur taaj mahal faarrookh​ ka 'nigaaristaan-A-faarrookh​' shaamil hain.[1]

film

1932 mein prastut ki gayi film 'indrasabha' bhaarateeya cinema ke itihaas ki sabse pehli bolne waali (taakeej) film thi. sabse pehli bhaarateeya dhvanipoorn film 'aalam aara' thi aur 'indrasabha' theek us se agale hi varsh release hui. yeh 211 minute lambi thi aur ismein 70 se bhi adhik gaane the, jo vishv-itihaas mein kisi bhi bani hui film mein sarvaadhik hain.[6] 'indrasabha' film jamashedaji fraamaji madan ki 'madan theatre' naamak company ne banaai thi.[3]

geet ka udaaharan

indar sabha ke ek drushya mein devataaon ke raaja indr apne darbaar mein pravesh karte hain aur ek chaubole mein kehte hain ki:[7]

mool urdoo devanaagari

رaaاaaجaaا هaaوaaں مaaیaaں قaaوaaم کaaا اaaوaaر اaaِaaنaaدaaر مaaیaaرaaا نaaاaaم

بaaِaaن پaaرaaیaaوaaں کaaی دaaیaaد کaaے مaaُaaجaaهaaے نaaهaaیaaں آaaرaaاaaم
مaaیaaرaaا سaaنaaگaaلaaدaaیaaپ مaaیaaں مaaُaaلaaکaaوaaں مaaُaaلaaکaaوaaں رaaاaaج
جaaی مaaیaaرaaا هaaے چaaاaaہaaتaaا کaaی جaaلaaسaaہ دaaیaaکaaهaaوaaں آaaج

raaja hooain main kaum ka aur indar mera naam
bin pariyon ki deed ke mujhe naheen aaraam
mera sangaladeep mein mulkon-mulkon raaj
ji mera hai chaahata ki jalasa dekhooain aaj

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. a aa i E The Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature, Volume 2, Amaresh Datta, Sahitya Akademi, 2006, ISBN 978-81-260-1194-0, ... some characters used masks and other make up their faces ... Fireworks were used ... published in German by Friedrich Rosen (1805-1837) in Leipzig which evoked considerable interest ... Khadim Husain Afsos's Inder Sabha (Agra, 1862) ...
  2. a aa i The Cambridge guide to Asian theatre, James R. Brandon, Cambridge University Press, 1997, ISBN 978-0-521-58822-5, ... The history of the theatre of moden Pakistan is the history of the Urdu-language theatre which started in 1853 with the composition of Mirza Amanat's Inder Sabha performed at the court of Wajid Ali Shah of Oudh ... for at least two generations after that, actors and musicians of Oudh sang the songs of Inder Sabha ...
  3. a aa Global Bollywood: travels of Hindi song and dance, Sangita Gopal, Sujata Moorti, University of Minnesota Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-8166-4579-4, ... in early experimentations with the technology of sound, narration in films like Indrasabha (The Court of Indra, JJ Madan, 1932) ... It would therefore be gratuitous to say that Indrasabha had seventy-one songs ...
  4. South Asia: the Indian subcontinent, Part 2, Alison Arnold, Taylor & Francis, 2000, ISBN 978-0-8240-4946-1, ... The court poet Agha Hasan ('Amanat') wrote this musical dance drama based on the love story of a fairy and a prince. The drama, entirely in verse, was picked up by Parsi theater companies in Bombay that produced Urdu plays in India ...
  5. Urdū adab, Sayyid Mohammad Abdullah, Maktaba-e-khayaban-e-adab, 1967, ... اaaرaaدaaو مaaیaaں اaaس صaaنaaف کaaا اaحaیaاa، اaaوaaدaaھ کaaے تaaہaaزaaیaaبaaی دaaوaaر مaaیaaں ھaaوaaا. اaaمaaاaaنaaت نaaے اaaنaaدaaر سaaبaaھaaا مaaیaaں گaaیaaت کaaو رaaوaaاaaج دaaیaaا ...
  6. Movie facts and feats: a Guinness record book, Patrick Robertson, Sterling Pub. Co., 1980, ISBN 978-0-8069-0204-3, ... The musical with the most song numbers was Madan Theatres' Indra Sabha (India 32), a Hindi movie with 71 songs. The Hollywood musical with the most songs was Columbia's The Jolson Story (US 46) which had 28 song sequences ...
  7. Changing South Asia: City and culture, Kenneth Ballhatchet, David D. Taylor, Centre of South Asian Studies, The School of Oriental & African Studies, University of London, 1984, ... Raja Indar at first performs a dance and then sings a chaubola, in which he proclaims, Raja hun main quam ka ...