ilaayachi

ilaayachi
ट्रू कार्डमम (Elettaria cardamomum)
troo kaardamam (Elettaria cardamomum)
vaigyaanik vargeekaran
jagat: paadap
(ashrenikrut) enjiyosparm
(ashrenikrut) ek beejapatri
(ashrenikrut) kaumalinid
gan: jinjibrel
kul: jinjibresi
Genera

ilaayachi ka sevan aamtaur par mukhashuddhi ke liye athva masaale ke roop mein kiya jaata hai. yeh do prakaar ki aati hai- hari ya chhoti ilaayachi tatha badi ilaayachi. jahaaain badi ilaayachi vyanjanon ko lajeej banaane ke liye ek masaale ke roop mein prayukt hoti hai, vaheen hari ilaayachi mithaaiyon ki khushboo badhaati hai. mehamaanon ki aavabhagat mein bhi ilaayachi ka istemaal hota hai. lekin iski mahatta keval yaheen tak seemit naheen hai. yeh aushadheeya gunon ki Khan hai. sanskrut mein ise ela kaha jaata hai.

chhoti ilaayachi ko sanskrut mein 'ela', 'teekshnagandha' ityaadi aur laitin mein eleteriaa kaardaamomam kehte hain. Bhaarat mein iske beejon ka upayog atithistkaar, mukhashuddhi tatha pakavaanon ko sugandhit karne ke liye hota hai. ye paachanavardhak tatha ruchivrdhak hote hain. ayurvedik mataanusaar ilaachayi sheetal, teekshn, mukh ko shuddh karanevaali, pittajanak tatha vaat, shvaas, khaaainsi, bavaaseer, kshaya, vastirog, sujaak, pathari, khujali, mootrakruchh tatha hrudayarog mein laabhadaayak hai.

ilaayachi ke beejon mein ek prakaar ka udnasheel tail (eseinshiyl oel) hota hai.

anukram

parichay

chhoti ilaayachi ka paudha sada hara tatha paaainch foot se 10 foot tak ooaincha hota hai. iske patte barhe ki aakruti ke tatha do foot tak lambe hote hain. yeh beej aur jad donon se ugata hai. teen chaar varsh mein fasal taiyaar hoti hai tatha itne hi kaal tak ismein guchhon ke roop mein fal lagte hain. sookhe fal baajaar mein 'chhoti ilaayachi' ke naam se bikte hain. paudhe ka jeevakaal 10 se lekar 12 varsh tak ka hota hai. samudra ki hava aur chhaayaadaar bhoomi iske liye aavashyak hain. iske beej chhote aur konedaar hote hain. Mysore, mangalor, maalaabaar tatha shri lanka mein ilaayachi bahutaayat se hoti hai.

prakaar aur vitran

chhoti aur badi ilaayachi

ilaayachi ki jo do pramukh prajaatiyaaain hain unka vitran is prakaar hai:-

aushadheeya gun

  • kharaash : yadi aavaaj baithi hui hai ya gale mein kharaash hai, to subah uthate samay aur raat ko sote samay chhoti ilaayachi chaba-chabaakar khaaeain tatha gunaguna paani peeeain.
  • soojan : yadi gale mein soojan aa gayi ho, to mooli ke paani mein chhoti ilaayachi peesakar sevan karne se laabh hota hai.
  • khaaainsi : sardi-khaaainsi aur chheenk hone par ek chhoti ilaayachi, ek tukada adarak, laung tatha paaainch tulasi ke patte ek saath paan mein rakhakar khaaeain.
  • ulti : badi ilaayachi paaainch gram lekar aadha liter paani mein ubaal lein. jab paani ek-chauthaai rah jaae, to utaar lein. yeh paani peene se ultiyaaain band ho jaati hain.
  • chhaale : muainh mein chhaale ho jaane par badi ilaayachi ko maheen peesakar usamein pisi hui mishri milaakar jabaan par rakhein. turant laabh hoga.
  • badahajami : yadi kele adhik maatra mein kha liye hon, to tatkaal ek ilaayachi kha lein. kele pach jaaeainge aur aapko halkaapan mahasoos hoga.
  • ji michlaana : bahuton ko yaatra ke dauraan bas mein baithane par chakkar aate hain ya ji ghabaraata hai. isse nijaat paane ke liye ek chhoti ilaayachi muainh mein rakh lein.


chitr deergha

sandarbh

tippani


pustakein

  1. Mabberley, D.J. The Plant-book: A Portable Dictionary of the Higher Plants. Cambridge University Press, 1996.
  2. Gernot Katzer's Spice Pages: Cardamom
  3. Plant Cultures: botany and history of Cardamom
  4. Pham Hoang Ho 1993, Cay Co Vietnam [Plants of Vietnam: in Vietnamese], vols. I, II & III, Montreal.
  5. Buckingham, J.S. & Petheram, R.J. 2004, Cardamom cultivation and forest biodiversity in northwest Vietnam, Agricultural Research and Extension Network, Overseas Development Institute, London UK.
  6. Aubertine, C. 2004, Cardamom (Amomum spp.) in Lao PDR: the hazardous future of an agroforest system product, in 'Forest products, livelihoods and conservation: case studies of non-timber forest products systems vol. 1-Asia, Center for International Forest Research. Jakarta, Indonesia.
  7. Áaalvarez, L., Gudiel, V. 2008. 'Cardamom prices leads to a re-emergence of the green gold'. [1]


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