ikvaador

Repúablica del Ecuador
ikvaador ganaraajya
dhvaj kul chinh
raashtravaakya: "God, homeland and liberty"
"Bhagwan, maatrubhoomi aur svatantrata"
raashtragaan: We Salute You, Our Homeland
hamaari maatrubhoomi, tujhe salaam
rajdhani kvito
00°a9′aS 78°a21′aW / 0.15°aS 78.35°aW / -0.15; -78.35
sabse bada nagar guaayaakil
raajabhaasha(eain) Spanish1
nivaasi ikvedoriyn
sarkaar raashtrapati ganaraajya
svatantrata
spenase (asafal)
Spain se
graan Columbia se
kshetrafal
- kul 256,370[krupaya uddharan jodein] varg kilometer ([[kshetrafal ke anusaar deshon ki soochi|73vaan[krupaya uddharan jodein]]])
98,985[krupaya uddharan jodein] varg meal
- jal (%) 4
janasankhya
- 2009 janaganana 14,573,101[krupaya uddharan jodein] (66vaan)
sakal ghareloo utpaad (PPP) 2008 praakkalan
- kul
$106.993 billion (-)
- prati vyakti $7,685 (-)
maanav vikaas soochakaank (2013) Straight Line Steady.svg 0.711[1]
madhyam · 98vaaain
mudra ameriki dollar2 (USD)
samay mandal ECT, GALT (yoo॰atee॰asee॰- 5, - 6)
- greeshmakaaleen (di॰ba॰asa॰) - (yoo॰atee॰asee॰-)
doorabhaash koot 593
Internet teeeladi .ec
1kvechuaa aur anya American bhaashaaen sthaaneeya samudaaya dvaara boli jaati hai.
2sokre 2000 tak, jiske baad se American dollar aur ikvedoriyn seintaavo sikke

ikvaador, aadhikaarik taur par ikvaador ganaraajya (shaabdik roop se, "bhoomadhya rekha ka ganaraajya"), dakshin America mein sthit ek pratinidhi lokataantrik ganaraajya hai. desh ke uttar mein Columbia, poorv aur dakshin mein peroo aur pashchim ki or prashaant mahaasaagar sthit hai. yeh ek dakshin America mein un do deshon (anya chili) mein se hai, jiski seemaaen Brazil ke saath naheen milti hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein] desh ke hisse mein mukhya bhoomi ke pashchim mein prashaant mahaasaagar mein sthit gaalaapogos dweep bhi aate hain. bhoomadhya rekha, jiske aadhaar par desh ka naam rakha gaya hai, ikvaador ko do bhaagon mein vibhaajit karti hai. iski rajdhani kvito aur sabse bada shahar guaayaakil hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

anukram

aadhunik itihaas

1533 mein Spain dvaara vijay praapt karne se pehle tak ikvaador uttari inka saamraajya ka bhaag tha. san 1563 mein kuito speni saamraajya ka ek kendra bana aur 1717 mein new graanaada ke vaaisaroyalti ka bhaag bana. vaaisaroyalti ke kshetron jaise new graanaada (Columbia), Venezuela aur kuito ne 1819 aur 1822 ke beech apni-apni svatantrataaon ki ghoshana ki aur graan Columbia ke naam se ek mahaasangh banaaya.[krupaya uddharan jodein] 1830 mein jab kvito mahaasangh se vilg ho gaya to iska naam "bhoomadhya rekheeya ganaraajya" rakh diya gaya. san 1904 se 1942 ke madhya padosi deshon se sangharshon ke kaaran ikvaador ko apna bahut sa bhoobhaag khona pada. 1995 mein peroo ke saath seema vivaad ke kaaran jo yuddh dhadhak raha tha vah 1999 mein sulajha liya gaya. yadyapi san 2004 mein ikvaador naagrik shaasan ke 25 varsh poore kar raha tha, lekin ye poora daur raajanaitik uthal puthal bhara hi raha tha. kvito mein hue virodh pradarshanon ke kaaran ikvaador mein pichhli teen lokataantrik sarkaaron ko kaaryakaal poora hone se poorv hi apadast hona pada. 2007 mein nae samvidhaan ki ruparekha taiyaar karne ke liye samvidhaan sabha ka chunaav kiya gaya hai aur svatantrata milne ke baad se ye ikvaador ka 20 vaan samvidhaan hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

raajya-shaasan

  • prashaasanik prabhaag - 24 praant
    ikvaador ke praant.
    • 1.ejue
    • 2.bolivaar
    • 3.kainaar
    • 4.kaarachi
    • 5.chimboraijo
    • 6.kotopaaksi
    • 7.L oro
    • 8.esmeraaladas
    • 9.gailaapaagos
    • 10.guyaas
    • 11.imbaabura
    • 12.loja
    • 13.laus riyos
    • 14.manaabi
    • 15.morona-saintiyaago
    • 16.naipo
    • 17.aurelaana
    • 18.paastaja
    • 19.pichincha
    • 20.sainta elena
    • 21.sainto domingo deelos tsaachilaas
    • 22.sukumbios
    • 23.tunguraahuaa
    • 24.jaimora-chinchipi

arthavyavastha

ikvaador paryaapt roop se apne tel sansaadhanon par nirbhar hai, jiski desh ko niryaat se hone waali kamaai mein aadhe se adhik bhaageedaari hai aur saarvajanik kshetr ka ek chauthaai raajasv isi se praapt hota hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]1999-2000 mein ikvaador ko gahan aarthik sankat ka saamana karna pada jisse desh ke sakal gharelu utpaad mein 6% ki kami I aur saath hi gareebi rekha se neeche rahane vaalon ki sankhya mein bhi vruddhi hui. banking kshetr bhi dharaashaayi ho gaya aur us varsh ikvaador apne baahya rin ke bhugataan mein bhi chook gaya. 2000 mein raashtreeya Congress dbaara bahut se dhaanchaagat sudhaaron ko sveekruti di gayi jismein ameriki dollar ko kaanooni nivida ke roop mein apanaae jaane ka bhi praavadhaan tha. daulareekaran ke kaaran arthavyastha ko sudrudhta mili aur aage aane vaale varshon mein fir se vikaas ko gati mili jiska shreya ooainche tel moolyon, vipreshan aur apaaranparik niryaaton mein hui vruddhi ko jaata hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

2002-06 ki avadhi mein arthavyastha 5.5% ki dar se badhi, jo pichhle 25 varshon mein sabse ooainchi panch varsheeya dar thi|2006 mein gareebi dar mein bhi giraavat hui lekin fir bhi ye 38% tak bani rahi| 2006 mein sarkaar dvaara videshi tel companiyon par apratyaashit kar laga diya gaya jisse America ke saath hone waali mukt vyaapaar vaarta nilambit ho gayi. in upaayon ke chalte varsh 2007 mein tel utpaadan mein bhi kami I.[krupaya uddharan jodein] raashtrapati rafel kauriya dvaara rin difault ka bhaya dikhaaya gaya aur us bhaya ko dhyaan mein rakhate hue, bhaya se nibatne ke liye December 2008 mein kuchh vyaavasaayik baand daayitvon se mukh mod liya. unhonne niji tel companiyon par bhi ek uchch apratyaashit raajasv kar laga diya aur unke saath kiye hue anubandhon par pun: vaarta aarambh curry taaki kar ke ahakt prabhaavon ko door kiya ja sake. isse aarthik anishchitta utpann hui; niji nivesh mein giraavat I aur aarthik vikaas dheema hua hai.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

antarraashtreeya mudde

kolambiya mein jaari sanyojit avaidh maadak padaarthon ki taskari Columbia se lagti hui chhidril seema dvaara ikvaador mein bhi hoti hai, ikvaador ki saajha seema hajaaron kolanbiyaai naagrik bhi apne desh mein hinsa se bachane ke liye ikvaador mein pravesh karte hain.[krupaya uddharan jodein]

  • sharanaarthiyon aur aantarik visthaapit - 11,526 (Columbia); not - yu.N.H.si.aar (UNHCR) ke anumaanaanusaar lagbhag 2,50,000 kolanbiyaai naagrik ikvaador mein sharan chaahate hai lekin nirvaasit hone ke bhaya se apna panjeekaran naheen karaate (2007).[krupaya uddharan jodein]
  1. "2014 Human Development Report Summary". United Nations Development Programme. 2014. pp. 21–25. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-summary-en.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 July 2014.