honshoo

hokkaaido ka naksha
fooji parvat ka drushya
kyoto shahar mein gokogu jinja mandir

honshoo (Japani: 本aa州, angreji: Honshu) Japan ka sabse bada dweep hai. yeh tsugaaru jaladamaroo ke paar hokkaaido dweep se dakshin mein, seto bheetari saagar ke paar shikokoo dweep ke uttar mein aur kaanamon jaladamaroo ke paar kyooshoo dweep se poorvottar mein sthit hai. honshoo duniya ka saatava sabse bada dweep hai aur indoneeshiya ke jaava dweep ke baad vishv ka doosra sarvaadhik janasainkhya wala dweep bhi hai. Japan ki rajdhani tokyo honshu ke madhya-poorv mein sthit hai. honshoo par san 2005 mein 10.3 karod log rah rahe the. iska kshetrafal 2,27,962 varg kimi hai, jo Britain se jra bada hai aur Bhaarat ke uttar pradesh raajya se jra chhota hai.[1]

anukram

naam ka arth

Japani bhaasha mein 'hon shoo' ka arth 'mukhya praant' hota hai.

bhoogol

honshoo ka adhiktar bhaag ek pahaadi ilaaka hai jispar bahut se jvaalaamukhi bhi faile hue hain. is dweep par aksar bhookamp aate rahate hain aur March 2011 mein aaye jlajle ne poore dweep ko apni jagah se 2.4 meter hila diya tha.[2] Japan ka sabse ooaincha pahaad, 3,776 meter (12,388 fut) lamba fooji parvat, honshoo par sthit hai aur ek sakreeya jvaalaamukhi hai. is poore dweep ke madhya mein kuchh parvateeya shrrunkhalaaen chalti hain jinhein saamoohik roop se 'Japani aalps' (日aa本aaアaaルaaプaaス, Japanese Alps) ke naam se jaana jaata hai. honshoo par kai nadiyaaain sthit hain, jinmein Japan ki sabse lambi nadi, shinaano nadi (信aa濃aa川, Shinano River) bhi shaamil hai.[3]

honshoo ke madhya poorv mein 'kaanto maidaan' (Kanto plain) hai, jahaaain bhaari krushi ki parampara hai aur udyog bahut viksit hai. tokyo shahar isi maidaan mein sthit hai. tokyo ke alaava osaaka, kobe, naagoya aur hirosheema jaise kuchh anya mahatvapoorn nagar bhi honshoo par hi sthit hain. kaanto maidaan aur nobi maidaan naamak ek anya maidaani kshetr mein chaaval aur sabjiyon ki bhaari paidaavaar hoti hai. inke atirikt honshoo par seb aur anya fal bhi ugaae jaate hain.

kshetr aur praant

prashaasanik roop se honshoo ko paanch kshetron aur 34 praanton (preefaikcharon) mein baanta jaata hai.[4] honshoo ke ird-gird ke kuchh chhote dweep bhi inhi praanton mein shaamil kiye jaate hain. honshoo ke kshetr aur unke praant is prakaar hain:

  • tohokoo kshetr - aaomori preefekchar, ivaate preefekchar, miyaagi preefekchar, akita preefekchar, yaamaagaata preefekchar, fookooshima preefekchar
  • kaanto kshetr - ibaaraaki preefekchar, tochigi preefekchar, gunama preefekchar, saaitaama preefekchar, cheeba preefekchar, tokyo, kaanaagaava preefekchar
  • chooboo kshetr - niigaata preefekchar, toyaama preefekchar, ishikaava preefekchar, fukui preefekchar, yaamaanaashi preefekchar, naagaano preefekchar, geefoo preefekchar, shijuoka preefekchar, aaichi preefekchar
  • kaanasaai - meee preefekchar, shiga preefekchar, kyoto preefekchar, osaaka preefekchar, hyogo preefekchar, naara preefekchar, vaakaayaama preefekchar
  • choogokoo kshetr - tottori preefekchar, shimaane preefekchar, okaayaama preefekchar, hirosheema preefekchar, yaamaagoochi preefekchar

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. The Handy Geography Answer Book, Paul A. Tucci, Mathew T. Rosenberg, Visible Ink Press, 2009, ISBN 978-1-57859-215-9, ... Honshu is Japan's largest island and the seventh-largest island in the world. On its west coast it is separated from the Asian continent by the Sea of Japan. The Pacific Ocean stretches away from Honshu's eastern shores ...
  2. Contemporary Japan: History, Politics, and Social Change Since the 1980s, Jeff Kingston, John Wiley & Sons, 2012, ISBN 978-1-118-31506-4, ... At 2:46pm on March 11, 2011, a massive 9 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Tohoku ... The entire island of Honshu shifted 2.4 meters to the east while much of the coast is now prone to flooding because of extensive land subsidence ...
  3. Japan, Patrick Catel, Capstone, 2012, ISBN 978-1-4329-6102-2, ... The capital city, Tokyo, is located on the Kanto Plain, Japan's largest lowland, on the island of Honshu. Japan has many short rivers. Only the Shinano and Tone are more than 200 miles (310 kilometers) long.The Shinano is Japan's longest river ...
  4. Japan Encyclopedia, Louis Fréadéaric, Harvard University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5, ... Of Japan's 64 prefectures (ken), 34 are on Honshu, as are the country's main cities, Tokyo, Osaka, and Kyoto ...