homar

british sangrahaalaya mein homar ki pratikruti

homar yoonaan ke aise praacheenatam kaviyon mein se hain jinki rachanaaeain aaj bhi upalabdh hain aur jo bahumat se Europe ke sabse mahaan kavi sveekaar kiye jaate hain. ve apne samay ki sabhyata tatha sanskruti ki abhivyakti ka prabal maadhyam maane jaate hain. andhe hone ke baavajood unhonne do mahaakaavyon ki rachana ki - iliyd aur odisi. inka kaaryakaal isa se lagbhag 1000 varsh poorv tha. haalaaainki iske vishay mein praacheen kaal mein jitna vivaad tha aaj bhi utana hi hai. kuchh log unke samay ko trojan yuddh ke samay se jodte hai par itna to tay hai ki yoonaani itihaas ka ek poora kaal homar yug ke naam se vikhyaat hai, jo 850 isa poorv se trojan yuddh ki taareekh 1194-1184 isa poorv tak faila hua hai. iliyd mein traaya raajya ke saath greek logon ke yuddh ka varnan hai. is mahaakaavya mein traaya ki vijay aur dhvans ki kahaani tatha yoonaani veer ekalis ki veerata ki gaathaaeain hain. homar ke mahaakaavyon ki bhaasha praacheen yoonaani ya helliki hai.

jis prakaar hindu raamaayan mein lanka vijay ki kahaani padhkar aanandit hote hain. usi prakaar odisi mein yoonaan veer yooleesis ki katha ka varnan hai. traaya ka Rajkumar spaarta ki raani helen ka apaharan kar traaya nagar le gaya. is apamaan ka badla lene ke liye hi grees ke sabhi raajaaon aur veeron ne milkar traaya par aakraman kiya. traaya se lautate samay unka jahaaj toofaan mein fains gaya. vah bahut dinon tak idhar-udhar bhatakata raha. iske baad apne desh lauta.
yoonaan (grees) ke tatkaaleen saamaajik, raajanaitik evam dhaarmik tathyon ki jaankaari ka ekamaatr bharosemand saadhan ke roop mein inke ye do mahaakaavya hi upalabdh hain- iliyd aurodesi. iske atirikt bahut si dhaarmik kaavya rachanaaeain bhi jinhein baad mein paravarti kaviyon ki rachanaaeain maana gaya. yeh bhi kaha jaata hai ki iliyd aur odesi ka praarambhik svaroop maukhik tha aur inhein praacheen grees ke gaayak gaaya karte the. gaate hue ve bahut se svarachit pad ismein mila dete. is kaaran inhein poorn roop se homar ki rachanaaeain maanana theek naheen hai. is aadhaar par ve homar kisi ek vyakti ko naheen balki samashti roop se iliyd aur odesi ke rachanaakaaron ko maanate hain.[1][2]

sandarbh

  1. ji. S. kirk, the iliyd: a kameintri, vaulyoom 1, 1985, Cambridge. ISBN 0-521-28171-7
  2. vest, Martin (1999). "di inveinshan of homar". klaasikl kvaartarali 49 (364).

http://classics.mit.edu/Homer/iliad.1.i.html