hisaar

hisaar
Hisar-E-Firoza/hisaar/Hissar
ispaat nagari
nagar
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Haryana
jila hisaar
saansad dushyant chautala
sansadeeya nirvaachan kshetr hisaar
vidhaayak nirvaachan kshetr hisaar shahar
yojana agency Haryana shahari vikaas praadhikran (HUDA)
naagrik paalika hisaar nagar nigam
janasankhya
ghanatv
301, 249 (2011 tak )
lingaanupaat 844 /
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
3,787 km² (1,462 sq mi)
• 215 meter
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: www.hisar.nic.in

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 29°a09′aN 75°a43′aE / 29.15°aN 75.71°aE / 29.15; 75.71

hisaar Bhaarat ke uttar pashchim mein sthit Haryana praant ke hisaar jile ka prashaasanik mukhyaalaya hai. yeh Bhaarat ki rajdhani nai Delhi ke 164 kimi pashchim mein raashtreeya raajamaarg kramaank 10 evam raashtreeya raajamaarg kramaank 65 par padta hai.[1] yeh Bhaarat ka sabse bada jasti loha utpaadak hai.[2] iseeliye ise ispaat ka shahar ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai.[3] pashchimi yamuna nahar par sthit hisaar raajakeeya pashu firm ke liye vishesh vikhyaat hai.

anishchit roop se jal aapoorti karanevaali ghaaghar ekamaatr nadi hai. yamuna nahar hisaar jila se hokar jaati hai. jalavaayu shushk hai. kapaas par aadhaarit udyog hain. bhivaani, hisaar, haaainsi tatha sirsa mukhya vyaapaarik kendra hai. achhi nasl ke saaaindon ke liye hisaar vikhyaat hai.

hisaar ki sthaapana san 1354 E. mein tugalak vansh ke shaasak firoj shaah tuglak ne ki thi.[4] ghaggar[5] evam drushadvati[6] nadiyaan ek samay hisaar se gujarati thi. hisaar mein mahaadveepeeya jalavaayu dekhne ko milti hai jismein greeshm ritu mein bahut garmi hoti hai tatha sheet ritu mein bahut thand hoti hai.[7]

yahaaain hindi[8] evam angreji sarvaadhik boli jaane waali bhaashaaeain hain. yahaaain ki ausat saaksharata dar 81.04 pratishat hai.[9] 1960 ke dashak mein hisaar ki prati vyakti aay Bhaarat mein sarvaadhik thi.[10]

anukram

naamakaran

paanini ne unke granth ashtaadhyaayi mein isukaar naam ke sthaan ka ullekh kiya hai jise itihaasakaaron dvaara hisaar ka praacheen naam maana gaya hai.[11] 1354 E. mein jab firoj shaah tuglak ne hisaar ki sthaapana ki to unhonne iska naam hisaar-A-firoja rakha jiska arabi bhaasha mein arth hota hai firoj ka kila.[12] haalaanki Akbar ke kaal mein iske naam se firoj hat gaya tatha ise sirf hisaar ke naam se jaana jaane laga.[13]

itihaas

hisaar par bahut saare saamraajyon ka shaasan raha hai. yeh teesari sadi E.poo. mein maurya raajavansh ka, 13veen sadi mein tugalak vansh ka, 16veen sadi mein mugal saamraajya ka tatha 19veen sadi mein british saamraajya ka bhaag raha hai. Bhaarat ki svatantrata ke baad yeh Punjab praant ka bhaag bana diya gaya kintu 1966 E. mein Punjab ke vibhaajan ke baad yeh Haryana ka bhaag ban gaya.

muslim vijay ke poorv hisaar ka ardh baluaa bhaag chauhaan raajapooton ka apayaan sthaan tha. 18veen shataabdi ke ant mein bhatti aur bhatiyaala logon ne ise adhikrut kiya tha. 1803 E. mein anshat: yeh british adhikaar mein aa gaya kintu 1810 E. tak inka shaasan laagoo na ho saka. 1857 ke pratham svantrata yuddh, ke baad niraapad roop se, hisaar british adhikaar mein aa gaya.

hisaar sthit firoj shaah dvaara nirmit kila

tuglak vansh ke shaasak baadshah firoj shaah tuglak ne 1354 E. mein ek durg ke roop mein hisaar ki sthaapana ki thi.[14] yeh shahar baad mein ek mahattvapoorn kendra ban gaya. 1783 E. ke durbhiksh mein hisaar praaya: poornat: janaheen ho gaya tha, kintu Ireland ke saahasi abhiyaanakarta George Thomas ne ek durg banavaakar ise pun: basaaya.

1867 E. mein hisaar ki nagarapaalika ka adhyayan kiya gaya. yeh shahar ek deevaar se ghira hai. jismein chaar daravaaje hain- naagori gate, mori gate, Delhi gate tatha talaaki gate ke naam se prasiddh hai. yahaaain firoj shaah ke kile va mahal ke avasheshon ke saath-saath kai praacheen masjidein hain, jinmein jahaaj bhi ek hai, jo ab ek jain mandir hai. praacheen samay mein yeh hadppa sabhyata ka mukhya kendra tha. praacheen samay mein yahaaain kai aadivaasi jaatiyaaain rahati thi. in jaatiyon mein bharat, puroo, mujaavats aur mahaavrush pramukh thi.

krushi aur khanij

gehooain va kapaas yahaaain ki pramukh fsalein hain. anya fsalon mein chana, baajara, chaaval, sarason va ganna shaamil hain. vibhinn kshetron mein alag alag tarah ki fasalon ka utpaadan kiya jaata hai, mukhya rup se hisaar mein fasalon ka utpaadan ek achhe star par kiya jaata hai. gehooain ka hisaar jile mein record utpaadan hota hai.

udyog aur vyaapaar

udyogon mein kapaas ki otaai, hathakaragha bunaai aur krushi yantron va silaai masheenon ke nirmaan se jude udyog shaamil hain. yahaaain par kapaas, anaaj aur tel ke beejon ka bada baajaar hai. is baajaar ke liye yeh bahut prasiddh hai.

yaataayaat aur parivhan

hisaar shahar ek pramukh rel va sadak jankshan hai.

shikshan sansthaan

mahaaraaja agrasen chikitsa mahaavidyaalaya, agroha

is shahar mein chaudhari charan Singh Haryana krushi vishvavidyaalaya, guru janbheshvar vishvavidyaalaya, si.si. shaahoo prabandhan mahaavidyaalaya, krushi engineering va praudyogiki mahaavidyaalaya, raajakeeya bahutakaneeki, hisaar gavarnameint college aur di.N. college sahit kai mahaavidyaalaya shaamil hain. fatehaabaad road par sthit kalpana Chawla college bhi khaasa pratishthit sansthaan hai.

paryatan

hisaar ek sundar sthaan tatha paryatan ka aakarshak s‍aathal hai. paryatak yahaaain par kai khoobasoorat sthalon ki sair kar sakte hain. yahaaain par samraat ashok ke kaal ka ek stambh, kushaan vansh ke sikke va anya avashesh bhi mile hain. kul milaakar hisaar bahut khoobasoorat hai aur paryatak yahaaain par anek khoobasoorat s‍aathaan dekh sakte hain. paryatak sthalon ki sair ke baad yahaaain par anek aitihaasik imaaraton ki yaatra ki ja sakti hai.

janasankhya

2011 ki janaganana ke anusaar hisaar ki janasankhya 301,249 hai. hisaar Bhaarat ka 141vaan sarvaadhik aabaadi wala shahar hai.[15] purush 54 pratishat aabaadi ka gathan karte hain jabki mahilaaeain 46 pratishat aabaadi ka gathan karti hain. yahaaain ling anupaat 844 mahila prati hajaar purush hai. ausat saaksharata dar 81.04 pratikshat hai: purush saaksharata dar 86.13 pratikshat hai jabki mahila saaksharata dar 75.00 hai.[9] hindu hisaar ki lagbhag 97 pratishat aabaadi ka gathan karte hain tatha muslim, jain, sikh aur isaai baaki aabaadi ka gathan karte hain.[16] 19veen sadi mein hisaar mein aarya samaaj bahut safal hua aur isame laala laajapat rai ka bahut mahattvapoorn yogadaan tha.[14] agrahari jaati ke log hisaar ko apna janmasthaan maanate hain.[14]

hisaar ke kuchh pramukh vyaktitv

raajaneeti

  • bhajanalaal ji bishnoi - Haryana ke bhootapoorv mukhyamantri
  • Arvind Kejriwal - Delhi ke mukhyamantri
  • Kuldeep bishnoi bishnoi mahaasabha sanrakshak mukaam

khel

vyavasaaya

saahitya

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. "Hisar". District administration, Hisar. http://hisar.nic.in/historyhisar.aspx. abhigman tithi: 23 May 2012.
  2. "About Hisar". Guru Jambheshwar University. http://www.gjust.ac.in/about/hisar.htm. abhigman tithi: 23 May 2012.
  3. "The City of Steel". Hisar Metal. http://www.hisarmetal.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=62&Itemid=75. abhigman tithi: 23 May 2012.
  4. Subah of Delhi "Ain-e-Akbari". Abul Fazl. http://persian.packhum.org/persian/main?url=pf%3Ffile%3D00702052%26ct%3D187%26rqs%3D185%26rqs%3D186%26rqs%3D383%26rqs%3D384 Subah of Delhi. abhigman tithi: 23 May 2012.
  5. "Geography of Hisar". Haryana Online. http://www.haryana-online.com/geography.htm. abhigman tithi: 23 May 2012.
  6. "Sarasvati and its tributaries". the hindu Universe. http://www.hindunet.org/hindu_history/sarasvati/sarasvati_river/history.html. abhigman tithi: 23 May 2012.
  7. "Climate of Hisar". PPU. http://www.ppu.edu.in/about-hisar.html. abhigman tithi: 27 May 2012.
  8. "About Hindi". SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.org/show_language.asp?code=hin. abhigman tithi: 27 May 2012.
  9. a aa "Census of Hisar city". Government of India. http://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/41-hisar.html. abhigman tithi: 23 May 2012.
  10. "Hisar Jano". Jambh Shakti Trust. http://www.hisarjano.com/sylabs.pdf. abhigman tithi: 23 May 2012.
  11. "About Hisar". Apna Hisar. http://www.apnahisar.com/InternalWeb/History/History.aspx. abhigman tithi: 27 May 2012.
  12. "National Seminar on Scenario of Women in Agriculture". CCS HAU. http://hau.ernet.in/cohs/nat_seminar11.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 May 2012.
  13. "History of District Court Hisar". Punjab & Haryana High Court. http://haryanajudiciary.gov.in/index.php?trs=hishis. abhigman tithi: 27 May 2012.
  14. a aa i "Hisar Gazeteer". Haryana Gazeteers Organisation. http://revenueharyana.gov.in/html/gazeteers/gazetteer_india_hisar.pdf. abhigman tithi: 23 May 2012.
  15. "Cities having population 1 lakh and above, Census 2011". Census of India, 2011. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/India2/Table_2_PR_Cities_1Lakh_and_Above.pdf. abhigman tithi: 31 May 2012.
  16. "Census 2001". Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI. http://censusindia.gov.in/Dist_File/datasheet-0612.pdf. abhigman tithi: 27 May 2012.

adhik sansoochana

  • em em juneja dvaara likhit hisaar ka itihaas: aarambh se svatantrata tak, 1354-1947; varsh 1989, Haryana: modarn book kan., 484 prushth; ISBN 0439410233
  • em em juneja dvaara likhit hisaar shahar: sthaan tatha shakhsiyt; varsh 2004, Haryana: modarn pablishrs, 744 prushth

baahari kadiyaaain