hindu vivaah

is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad

hindu dharm
par ek shreni ka bhaag

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praveshadvaar: hindu dharm

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hindu maapan pranaali

yeh lekh hidoo vivaah par likha hai. sanskaar hetu dekhein vivaah sanskaar .

hindu dharm mein vivaah ko solah sanskaaron mein se ek sanskaar maana gaya hai. vivaah = vi + vaah, at: iska shaabdik arth hai - vishesh roop se (uttaradaayitv ka) vahan karna. paanigrahan sanskaar ko saamaanya roop se hindu vivaah ke naam se jaana jaata hai. anya dharmon mein vivaah pati aur patni ke beech ek prakaar ka karaar hota hai jise ki vishesh paristhitiyon mein toda bhi ja sakta hai parantu hindu vivaah pati aur patni ke beech janm-janmaantaron ka sambandh hota hai jise ki kisi bhi paristhiti mein naheen toda ja sakta. agni ke saat fere le kar aur dhruv taara ko saakshi maan kar do tan, man tatha aatma ek pavitra bandhan mein bandh jaate hain. hindu vivaah mein pati aur patni ke beech shaareerik sanmbandh se adhik aatmik sanmbandh hota hai aur is sanmbandh ko atyant pavitra maana gaya hai.

hindu maanyataaon ke anusaar maanav jeevan ko chaar aashramon (bramhacharya aashram, gruhasth aashram, sanyaas aashram tatha vaanaprasth aashram) mein vibhkt kiya gaya hai aur gruhasth aashram ke liye paanigrahan sanskaar arthaat vivaah nitaant aavashyak hai. hindu vivaah mein shaareerik sanmbandh keval vansh vruddhi ke uddeshya se hi hota hai.


vivaah ke prakaar

1. brahm vivaah

dono paksh ki sahamati se samaan varg ke suyojnya var se kanya ka vivaah nishchit kar dena 'brahm vivaah' kahalaata hai. saamaanyat: is vivaah ke baad kanya ko aabhooshanayukt karke vida kiya jaata hai. aaj ka "Arranged Marriage" 'brahm vivaah' ka hi roop hai.

2. daiv vivaah

kisi seva kaarya (visheshat: dhaarmik anushtaan) ke moolya ke roop apni kanya ko daan mein de dena 'daiv vivaah' kahalaata hai.

3. aarsh vivaah

kanya-paksh vaalon ko kanya ka moolya de kar (saamaanyat: gaudaan karke) kanya se vivaah kar lena 'arsh vivaah' kahalaata hai.

4. prajaapatya vivaah

kanya ki sahamati ke bina usaka vivaah abhijaatya varg ke var se kar dena 'prajaapatya vivaah' kahalaata hai.

5. gandharv vivaah

parivaar vaalon ki sahamati ke bina var aur kanya ka bina kisi reeti-rivaaj ke aapas mein vivaah kar lena 'gandharv vivaah' kahalaata hai. dushyant ne shakuntala se 'gandharv vivaah' kiya tha. unke putr bharat ke naam se hi hamaare desh ka naam "bhaaratavarsh" bana.

6. asur vivaah

kanya ko khareed kar (aarthik roop se) vivaah kar lena 'asur vivaah' kahalaata hai.

7. raakshas vivaah

kanya ki sahamati ke bina usaka apaharan karke jabaradasti vivaah kar lena 'raakshas vivaah' kahalaata hai.

8. paishaach vivaah

kanya ki madahoshi (gahan nidra, maanasik durbalata aadi) ka laabh utha kar usase shaareerik sambandh bana lena aur usase vivaah karna 'paishaach vivaah' kahalaata hai.

inhein bhi dekhein

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