hindu saahitya

hinduon ke pramukh granth

anukram

ved

ved 4 hain jo hinduon ke sabse praacheen aur mool granth hain. inhein vishv ke sabse praacheen saahitya hone ka gaurav bhi haasil hai. poorv samay mein chhapaai (Printing) ki suvidha na hone ke kaaran guru apne shishyon ko bol kar yaad karaate the. sun kar yaad rakhana aur agali peedhi ko usi prakaar suna kar unhein dene ke kaaran inka naam shruti bhi hai. 4 ved is prakaar hain:- 1. rigved 2. yajurved 3. atharvaved 4. saamaved hinduon ke lagbhag sabhi dhaarmik granthon ki tarah ye sanskrut mein hain. ye kaavya ki tarah do panktiyon mein likhe jaate hain jinhein shlok kehte hain. rigved ke shlokon ko richa kaha jaata hai.

upanishd

upanishdon ko vedon ka antim bhaag bhi khate hain aur isaliye inhein vedaant bhi kaha jaata hai. vedaant ki mool avadhaarana advaitavaad hai. upanishdon ki sankhya 108 kahi jaati hai aur inki rachana alag alag samay mein hui thi.

puraan

puraan ka arth hota hai itihaas. inmein raaja, mahaaraajaaon aur Bhagwan ke vibhinn avataaron ki kahaaniya

mahaakaavya

kuchh aise granth hain jo puraanon ki tarah hain. jaise raamaayan evam mahaabhaarat jo vishv ka sabse bada mahaakaavya hai.

geeta

geeta hinduon ka sabse mahtvapoorn granth maana jaata hai. yeh mahaabhaarat ka hi ek bhaag hai. vishv ki sabhi mahatvapoorn bhaashaaon mein iska anuvaad ho chuka hai.