hindu lambaai ganana

anukram

lambaai ki ikaaiyaaain

pॄthvi ki lambaai hetu sarvaadhik prayogit ikaai hai yojan. dhaarmik vidvaan bhaktivedaant svaami prabhupaad dvaara yojan ki lambaai ko 8 meal (13 ki.mi.) bataaya gaya hai.[1] unke pauraanik anuvaadon mein sabhi sthaanon par. adhikaan bhaarateeya vidvaan iska maap 13 ki॰mee॰ se 16 ki॰mee॰ (8-10 meal) ke lagbhag bataate hain.

chhoti ikaaiyaan

iski anya ikaaiyaan is prakaar hain:

  • 1 angul = 16 mm se 21 mm
  • 4 angul = ek dhanu grah = 62 mm se 83 mm;
  • 8 angul = ek dhanu mushti (angushth utha ke) = 125 mm se 167 mm ;
  • 12 angul = 1 vitsti (angushath ke sire se poorre haath ko khol kar kanishthika anguli ke sire tak ki doori) = 188 mm se 250 mm
  • 2 vitsti = 1 aratni (hast) = 375 mm se 500 mm
  • 4 arati = 1 dand = 1.5 se 2.0 m
  • 2 dand = 1 dhanu = 3 se 4 m
  • 5 dhanu = 1 rajju = 15 m se 20 m
  • 2 rajju = 1 paridesh = 30 m se 40 m
  • 100 paridesh = 1 kos (ya gorat) = 3 km se 4 km
  • 4 kos ya kosh = 1 yojan = 13 km se 16 km
  • 1,000 yojan = 1 mahaayojan = 13,000 Km se 16,000 Km

[2]

vishnu puraan:bhaag 1, adhyaaya shashtham ke anusaar

  • 10 parmaanu= 1 parasooksham
  • 10 parasooksham= 1 trusarenu
  • 10 trusarenu= 1 dhooli kan ya mahirjas
  • 10 mahirjas= 1 baal agr (baalaagr)
  • 10 baalaagr= 1 likhya
  • 10 likhya= 1 yook
  • 10 yook= 1 yavodar (jau ka beej)
  • 10 yavodar= 1 jau ka daana (ausat aakaar)
  • 10 jau ke daane= 1 angul ya inch
hindu maanav hast parimaan
  • 6 angul= ek pad
  • 2 pad= 1 vitsti
  • 2 vitsti= 1 hast
  • 4 hast= ek dhanush ya dand
  • 2 dhanush/dand= ek naadika
  • 2000 dhanush= ek gaavyooti
  • 4 gaavyooti= ek yojan
brahmaand ka parimaan

yeh adhik varnit naheen hai.

angushth se doori (daanye chitr mein dekhein)
  • tarjani tak=pradesh
  • madhyam tak=naal
  • anaamika tak=gokarn
  • kanishthika tak= vitsti = 12 angul

(vaayu puraan ke anusaar ek angul, anguli ki ek gaanth ke baraabar hai aur anya praadhikaariyon ke anusaar sire par angushth ki motaai ke barabar hai.)[3] vaayu ne manu ke adhikaar ke antargat uparokt samaan ganana di hai, jo ki manu sanhita mein naheen ullekhit hai.

  • 21 angul= 1 ratni
  • 24 angul= 1 hast
  • 2 ratni= 1 kishku
  • 4 hast= 1 dhanu
  • 2000 dhanu= l gavyooti
  • 8000 dhanush= 1 yojan

durg chaar prakaar ke hote hain, inmein se teen parvat ya jal se ghire hote hain aur chauthi prakaar khet, nagar ya gram ki krutrim suraksha dvaara banti hai. sarvashreshth nagar ek meal lamba aur aadha meal chauda hota hai aur ishaan (poorvottar) kon mukhi ho, saath hi kisi oonchi deevaar ya khaai se ghira hota hai. khet nagar se ek yojan door hon aur gram se aadha yojan door. nagar ke mukhya binduon ko jodne waali sadkein bees dhanush chaudi hon . gram sadkein ek samaan hon. pradhaan chaudi sadak das dhanush, kaatati sadkein chaar dhanush chaudi aur gharon ke saamane ki galiyaan do dhanush ki aur sadak kinaare ke paidal path chaar hast. ghar ke mukhya dwaar teen hast. anya pravesh dwaar aur sankare. yeh pauraanik vivran hai.

rajalok

ek rajalok hota hai, ek devata dvaara chh: maas taka2,057,152 yojan prati samay (lagbhag. 2,047,540,985,856,000 kilometer ya 216.5 prakaash varsh). ise 1000 bhaar ki lauh geind ko chh: maas mukt gati se svarg, Indra ke gॄh se giraaya jaaye, to usase tay hui doori ke baraabar bhi maana ja sakta hai. saat rajju = ek jagashreni

kshetrafl ki ikaaiyaan

beegha

ek beegha baraabar hai:

  • 2500 varg meter (Rajasthan) mein
  • 1333.33 varg meter (Bengal) mein
  • 14,400 varg feet (1337.8 m²) ya 5 katha (Assam) mein, ek katha = 2,880 varg feet (267.56 m²).
  • ek katha = 720 varg feet
Nepal mein
  • 1 beegha = 20 kaththa (lagbhag 6882.00 m²)
  • 1 kaththa = 20 dhur (lagbhag 338.60 m²)
  • 1 beegha= 13.53 ropani
  • 1 ropani = 16 aana (lagbhag 508.74 m²)
  • 1 aana= 4 paisa (lagbhag 31.80 m²)
  • 1 paisa= 4 daam (7.95 m²)
chitr:ajeet thaapa
hindu lambaai ganana
  • 1 hektar =10000 varg mitr
  • =19 ropani 10 aana
  • =1biga 9 kattha 10 dhur
  • 1 ekad =7.95 ropani {1 ropani =16 aana }

inhein bhi dekhein


sandarbh

  1. Srimad Bhagavatam 10.57.18 (translation) "one yojana measures about eight miles"
  2. Source:[1]
    aayat dasha ch dve ch yojanaani mahaapuri .

    shreemati treeni visteern su vibhaakata mahaapatha. 1-5-7

    7. shriimatii= glorious one - city; su vibhaktaa mahaa pathaa= with well, devised, high, ways; mahaa purii= great, city; dasha cha dve= ten, and, two - twelve; yojanaani= yojana-s; aayataa= lengthy; triiNi [yojanaani] vistiirNaa= three [yojana-s,] in breadth.

    That glorious city with well-devised highways is twelve yojana-s lengthwise and three yojana-s breadth wise. [1-5-7]

    Yojana is an ancient measure of distance, where one yojana roughly equals to 8 to 10 miles. Its account is like this : 1 angula is 3/4 inch; 4 angula-s are = one dhanu graha - bow grip; 8 angula-s are = one dhanu muSTi - fist with thumb raised; 12 angula-s are = 1 vitasti - distance between tip of thumb and tip of last finger when palm is stretched; 2 vitasti-s = 1 aratni -s - cubit; 4 aratni-s = one danDa, dhanuS - bow height - 6 ft ; 10 danDa-s = 1 rajju 60 ft ; 2 rajju-s = 1 paridesha - 120 ft ; 2, 000 dhanuS-s = one krosha, and also called goraTa - 4, 000 yards ; 4 krosha-s = 1 yojana - thus one yojana is 9 to 10 miles. But the British Revenue measurement scaled it down to 5 miles, and all the dictionaries say that one yojana is 5 miles. But traditionally it is held as 10 miles. More info on these measures can be had from The Artha Shaastra of Kautilya - a republication of Penguin.

  3. (A. R. 5. 104.)

baahari kadiyaaain