hindi kampyooting ka itihaas

sabse pehle hindi type shaayad vardas‍aataar (varjan III plas) jaise ek shabd sansaadhak 'akshar' mein aaya. fir vindoj aaya aur pejamekar va veinchura ka samay aaya. is saari yaatra mein kamp‍aayootar keval priting ki duniya ki sahaayata bhar kar raha tha. yoonikod ke aagaman evam prasaar ke pashchaat hindi kampyooting printing tak seemit na rahakar sanganan ke vibhinn pahaluon tak pahuainch gayi. ab bhaashaayi sanganan ke sabhi kshetron mein hindi apni pahuainch bana rahi hai. hindi kampyooting ko vartamaan sthiti tak pahuainchaane mein sarkaar, anek sansthaaon, samoohon evam prograamaron-daivalaparon ka yogadaan raha.

anukram

hindi kampyooting ke pramukh padaav

  • 1983 - daus aadhaarit hindi shabd sansaadhak akshar, shabdaratn ityaadi ka padaarpan.
  • 1983 - si-daik dvaara jist (GIST - Graphics and Intelligence based Script Technology) ka vikaas.
  • bhaarateeya lipiyon ke liye iski maanak jaari.
  • eऍlapi (epraiks laingvej prosaisar) - Bhaarat sarkaar ke sansthaan si-daik ka daus-aadhaarit svatantr bahubhaashi hindi shabd sansaadhak ; lagbhag utana hi shaktishaali aur suvidha-sampann jitna ki us samay vardastaar naamak angreji software tha.
  • 1991 mein yoonikod ka aavirbhaav. October 1991 mein yoonikod ka pehla sanskaran 1.0.0 jaari jismein nau bhaarateeya lipiyaaain devanaagari, bangaali, gujaraati, gurumukhi, tamil, telugu, kannad, malayalam tatha odiya shaamil ki gayi.[1]
  • vindoj 1.0 (1985) tatha Microsoft office ke pehle sanskaran (1990) ke baad 1993 mein Microsoft office profaishanal ke aane ke baad 8-bit hindi faunton se vindoj mein hindi mein vard prosaising sambhav.
  • aaiऍsaऍm office (iski madad se maujooda software package mein bhaarateeya bhaasha mein kaam kiya ja sakta hai)
  • leep office 2000 (sampoorn bhaarateeya bhaashi software)
  • 1995 ke aaspaas Internet par hindi ka padaarpan – roman va imej faailon ke roop mein tatha baad mein daayanaimik faunton ke jariye.
  • 1995 - seedaik leep office, shreelipi tatha akshar for vindoj aadi vardaprosaisaron ka aagaman.
  • 14 September 1996 mein hindi diwas ke avsar par tatkaaleen rakshaamantri mulaayam Singh Yadav ne PC-daus ke hindi sanskaran ka vimochan kiya jismein ek hindi prograaming bhaasha bhi shaamil thi.
  • 2000 – hindi samaachaar patra Internet ki or, yoonikod hindi ka padaarpan. intaraneti hindi mein kraanti ki shurooaat. seedaik ke hindi operating system indiks ki shurooaat.
  • 2000 baalendu sharma daadheech dvaara viksit hindi shabd sansaadhak 'maadhyam' ni:shulk vitran evam prayog ke liye jaari.
  • 2002 - links operating system aur anya prograamon ke hindeekaran ki shuruaat.
  • 2003 - hindi (bhaarateeya bahubhaashaayi) links operating system milan jaari. hindi vartani jaaainch suvidha yukt Microsoft ka office suit hindi mein jaari. isi varsh opanaofis ka hindi intarafes yukt sanskaran 1.1 bhi jaari.
  • 2003 - shreelipi, akshar naveen ke yoonikod sanskaran jaari. akaaunting software taili mein hindi samarthan. hindi ke shabdakosh, prograaming aujaar upalabdh.
  • 2003 – Internet/daiskataup sarch hindi mein upalabdh. hindi blaugon ka padaarpan, jeemel ke jariye hindi mein imel ki suvidha.
  • 2004 - raid hait ne paaainch bhaarateeya bhaashaaon hetu mukt srot lohit faunt jaari kiye jinka aage jaakar anek links vitranon mein prayog hua.
  • 2005 – Microsoft ऍksapi operating system ka khaas hindi ka staartar sanskaran jaari. tamaam links vitranon raidahait, ubuntoo ke hindi sanskaran jaari.
  • 2006 – maaikosauft, ऍmaऍsaऍn aur Yahoo hindi mein jaari.
  • January 2007 mein vindoj vista jaari, pehla vindoj sanskaran jismein hindi samarthan antarnimit hai. baai difault samarthan laagoo rahata hai, alag se koi saiting nahi karni padti, bas taaiping hetu keebord jodna padta hai.
  • March 2007 - Google samaachaar seva hindi mein shuru.[3]
  • August 2007 - Google traaainsalitreshan, Google ka dikshanari aadhaarit online fonetik taaiping aujaar jaari.[4]
  • October 2007 - Google traaainsalitreshan takaneek se Google sarch mein roman shabd type karne par hindi mein sajaishan.[5]
  • 2007 - Internet par cheeni aur angreji bhaasha ke baad hindi sarvaadhik lokapriya tatha prayog ki jaane waali bhaasha.
  • 17 June 2009, aaioऍs (tatkaaleen naam aaifon oऍs) sanskaran 3 mein aanshik hindi pradarshan samarthan aaya.
  • 31 August 2009 - hindi vikipidiya par 40 hajaar lekh poore hue.
  • 2010 ki teesari timaahi mein blackberry oऍs sanskaran 6 mein hindi pradarshan samarthan evam hindi varchual keebord aaya.
  • 3 May 2010, tachaskreen divaaison par hindi tankan hetu tachanaagari naamak online hindi keebord jaari.[7]
  • 21 June 2010, aaioऍs 4 mein poorn hindi pradarshan samarthan aaaaya.
  • 2011 - Google books hindi mein upalabdh. aravind Kumar ka hindi-angreji-hindi samaantar kosh aravind-laiksikn online jaari.
  • 6 June 2011, aaioऍs 5 mein hindi keebord aaya.
  • June 2011, Google traaainsalet mein paaainch bhaarateeya bhaashaaon bangaali, gujaraati, kannad, tamil tatha telugu shaamil.[9]
  • 30 August 2011, hindi vikipeediya par ek lakh lekh se oopar huye.
  • 14 sitmbar 2011, - twitter hindi diwas ke din hindi mein jaari.[10]
  • October 2011, ऍndrauid 4.0 (aais kreem saindavich) mein kaafi had tak hindi, tamil tatha bangaali samarthan aaya. lohit devanaagari hindi faunt shaamil kiya gaya. stock ऍndrauid braaujar mein hindi, tamil evam bangaali ka poorn samarthan.
  • May 2012, gaarmin ne hindi bhaasha saksham neveegeshan divaais jaari kiye.[11]
  • May 2012 : faayarafauks ka mobile braaujar hindi mein jaari.
  • July 2014 : Google maips hindi mein dekhne ki suvidha aarambh hui.
  • August-sitmbar 2014 : bolakar hindi type karne ki suvidha
  • November 2014 : Google dvaara hindi vauyas-sarch (bolakar khojane ki suvidha) aarambh
  • November 2014 : Google dvaara Indian laingvej Internet alaayans (ILIA) launch
  • December 2014 : s‍aapaais ne laun‍aach kiya pehla deshi (hindi) s‍aamaartafon 'dreem uno H' (Dream Uno H Android One Hindi smartphone)
  • December 2014 : Google dvaara hindi vigyaapan shuroo
  • May 2015: Google dauks ki oseeaar suvidha mein hindi bhaasha shaamil [12]
  • October 2015: prasiddh piteeshan website change.org hindi mein jaari [13]

hindi kampyooting aarambhik unnaayak

  • vinaya chhajalaani ne 1993 mein suvi informeshan system naamak company ki sthaapana ki jo ki baad mein vebaduniya naam se prasiddh hui. is company ke kaam ki prashansa maaikrosauft ne bhi ki aur inke saath sahayog karne ki peshakash ki.
  • hemant Kumar ne takhti[1] naamak lokapriya aur aasaan fonetik yoonikod devanaagari lekhan aujaar banaaya jo vindoj 98 ke jamaane mein aaiऍmai jaise aujaaron ke prachalan se poorv kaafi prayog kiya gaya.
  • vaasu shreenivaas ne January 1998 mein barah naamak sauftaveyar banaaya jiski madad se hindi sahit kai bhaarateeya bhaashaaon me fonetik vidhi se type kiya ja sakta hai. baad mein isi ka ek sanskaran barah aaiऍmai naam se aaya jo ki Google aaiऍmai ke aane se pehle sabse lokapriya fonetik taaiping tool tha.
  • baalendu sharma daadheech ne 1999 mein 'maadhyam' naamak inaskript hindi vard prosesar ka vikaas kar use 2000 mein ni:shulk vitran aur prayog ke liye Internet par upalabdh karaaya.
  • devendr paarakh ne hindeeraaitar naam ka anuprayog banaaya jo hindi yoonikod mein type karne ke saath-saath hindi vartani jaaainch tatha otokampaleeshan suvidha bhi pradaan karta hai. sanskaran 1.4 ke baad vikaas band hone se iska prayog baad mein ghat gaya.
  • Microsoft ne vebaduniya ke saath milkar indik aaiऍmai naamak bhaarateeya bhaashaai aaiऍmai banaaya jiski sahaayata se vibhinn keebord leaaut mein bhaarateeya bhaashaayein type ki ja sakti hain. yeh remingatan leaaut dvaara yoonikod hindi tankan hetu pehla aujaar tha.
  • Abhishek chaudhari aur dau॰ Shweta chaudhari ne “ahindavee” naamak ek system banaaya jisne hindi ka prayog karte hue besik, logo, si, si++ aur daus jaisi prograaming bhaashaaon mein programing kiya jaana sambhav banaaya.
  • hindi mein yoonikod ke prachaar-prasaar, shodh aur jaagrukta ke uddeshya se lokalaaijeshanalaibs.com naamak pariyojana baalendu sharma daadheech ke maargadarshan mein 2006 mein shuroo hui. hindi mein yoonikod vishyak muddon par gambhir vivechana aur usaki takaneeki gutthiyon ko aam logon ki bhaasha mein abhivyakt karne ki yeh pehli badi niji koshish thi.
  • indik kampyooting ke visheshagya hariraam pansaari ne hindi kor kampyooting ko aasaan banaane ke liye mahatvapoorn yogadaan kiya. ve si-daik se bhi sambandhit rahe hain.
  • hindi ke praarambhik portalon mein se ek prabhaasaakshi.com ka baalendu sharma daadheech ke sanpaadan mein san 2000 mein vikaas hua. vebaduniya ke atirikt yeh ekamaatr hindi portal tha jo kisi samaachaar patra samooh se sambaddh naheen tha aur poori tarah online maadhyamon par samaachaaron tatha hindi saamagri ke prasaaran ke uddeshya se shuroo kiya gaya tha.
  • aalok Kumar ne yoonikod devanaagari sambandhi samasyaaon ke hal ke liye “adevanaagari.neta” naamak website banaai. inhonne lipyantaran aujaar girgit ka behtar intarafes prastut kiya aur links guide ke hindi anuvaadon ko aarambh kiya.
  • kulapreet Singh ne “ashoonya.ina” naamak hindi takaneeki samaachaar website aarambh ki. iske atirikt ye chitthaajagat.in ki team mein shaamil hain.
  • raaghavan evam surekha ne indik aaiऍmai naamak jaavaaskript aadhaarit aujaar banaaya. isse doosare kai aujaar banaane mein sahaayata mili.
  • ravi ratalaami ne links operating system ke hindeekaran mein vishisht yogadaan diya. iske atirikt faayarafauks ke liye hindi vartani jaaainchane hetu ek plag-in hetu shabdakosh nirmaan mein yogadaan diya. ye kaafi pehle se hindi input tatha anya sambandhit aujaaron sambandhi lekh likhte rahe hain tatha vibhinn sthaaneekaran pariyojanaaon se jude hain.
  • shreesh beinjavaal sharma ne hindi taaiping evam kampyooting sambandhi anek lekh evam tyootoriyl apne blog, sarvajnya viki tatha hindi vikipeediya par likhe. aksharagraam network ke sadasya ke rup mein sarvajnya viki par prabandhak rahe. inhonne "E-pandit" naamak hindi ka pratham takaneeki blog banaaya. hindi chitthaakaari ke aarambhik dinon mein inhonne anek logon ko yoonikod hindi lekhan, blog vidha tatha hindi kampyooting sambandhi kaaryon mein prashikshit kiya. inhonne mobile phone aadi tachaskreen divaaison mein hindi tankan hetu tachanaagari naamak tool banaaya. inhonne E-pandit aaiऍmai naamak tool bhi banaaya jo ki ligesi faunton mein inskript keebord leaaut se type karne ke liye pehla aaiऍmai tha.
  • poornima varman ne saahityik web patrikaaon "anubhooti" aur "abhivyakti" ka nirmaan evam sanchaalan kiya. inhonne hindi vikipeediya ke vikaas mein bhi mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaayi.
  • aalok Kumar hindi ke pehle chitthaakaar hain. inhonne 9-2-11 (nau-do-gyaarah) naamak hindi ka pehla blog banaaya. "blog" ke liye "chittha" shabd inhonne hi pratipaadit kiya.
  • vinaya jain ne yoonikod hindi mein pehli blog post likhi. iske alaava inhonne "haaitraaains" naamak aaitraaains se devanaagari lipyantaran aujaar banaaya.
  • debaasheesh ne pehle hindi blog ऍgreegetar chittha vishv ka nirmaan kiya. iske alaava inhonne paudabhaarati (hindi paudakaast seva) tatha nirntar/saamayiki patrika ki shuruaat ki. inhonne “achitthaakaar samooha” bhi banaaya tatha indeeblaugeej puraskaaron ki shuruaat ki.
  • pankaj narula ne aksharagraam network ki sthaapana ki jo hindi chitthaakaaron evam takaneekijnyaon ka ek gairalaabhakaari saamudaayik swayamsevak samooh tha jo ki computer evam intaranet par hindi ke prayog ko badhaava dene hetu kaarya karta tha. is samooh ne hindi chitthaakaari se sambanthit vibhinn sevaaeain sanchaalit ki. shuruaati dinon mein intaranet par hindi ke prachaar-prasaar mein is samooh ne mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaai. iski vibhinn sevaaon naarad, sarvajnya, paricharcha aadi ne nae chitthaakaaron ko sthaapit hone mein kaafi sahaayata ki. aksharagraam network ka "aksharagraam chaupaal" hindi ka pehla saamoohik-blog tha.
  • pankaj naroola ne naarad naamak blog ऍgreegetar banaaya jo vibhinn blaugs par I naveenatam jaankaari ko ikaththa kar ek jagah upalabdh karaata tha. baad mein iska sanvardhan jeetendr chaudhari ne kiya. pankaj beingaani aur sanjaya beingaani ne is blog ऍgreegetar ke roop-rang ko behtar banaane mein yogadaan diya.
  • sanjaya beingaani aur pankaj beingaani ne aksharagraam network ki vibhinn websiton mein graafiks sambandhi kaarya kiya tatha tarakash.com naamak hindi ka pehla unnat web 2.0 shaili ka portal banaaya.
  • prateek paande ne "hindeeblaugs.com" naamak hindi blog ऍgreegetar banaaya. yeh jaava mein bana tha.
  • debaasheesh aur raman kaul ji ne "hindeeblaugs.org" naamak hindi ki blog daayaraiktri banaai. ravirtalaami tatha shreesh beinjavaal ne iske hindeekaran mein yogadaan diya.
  • harshit vaani vanaagaarjun venna ne padma plagain aur padma yoonikod getave banaaya jo hindi (tatha anya bhaarateeya bhaashaaon) ke puraane faunt mein bani websiton ko braaujr mein hi yoonikodit roop mein dikhaata hai.
  • jee॰ karoonaakar ne links ka pehla yoonikodit bhaarateeya bhaashaai bahubhaashi live sanskaran “arangolee” banaaya.
  • mitul Patel ne hindi vikipeediya ke aarambhik daur mein ise aage badhaane mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika ada ki. ismein poornima varman tatha anunaad Singh ki bhi sakriya bhoomika rahi.
  • aalok Kumar tatha shreesh beinjavaal ne peinchakas naamak hindi bhaashi prograamaron tatha devalaparon ka samooh praarambh kiya.
  • jagadeep daangi ne ek gair-yoonikodit hindi braaujr, anuvaadak tatha faunt kanvartar aadi hindi ke liye aujaaron ka nirmaan kiya.
  • isvaami ne "hag" (hindi yoonikod jenaretar) naamak online fonetik hindi taaiping aujaar banaaya. iske code ka upayog baad mein kai anya aujaaron mein kiya gaya.
  • himaanshu Singh ne hindi toolakit naamak aujaar banaaya jo ki bina vindoj ki seedi ke vindoj 2000 tatha ऍksapi mein hindi samarthan saksham karta tha. "hag" ki sahaayata se himaanshu Singh ne "hindi-toolika" naamak aujaar bhi banaaya jo ki ek prauksi sarvar ke jariye kisi bhi vebapej par hindi likhta tha. baad mein shreesh beinjavaal ne hindi toolakit ke kansaipt se prerit indik ऍksapi naamak tool banaaya jo ki vindoj ऍksapi mein ek klik dvaara indik samarthan instaal karne ki suvidha deta hai.
  • raajesh ranjan ne mojila faayarafauks tatha open office ka hindi anuvaad kiya.
  • lalit Kumar ne viki aadhaarit hindi kavitaakosh aur gadyakosh ka nirmaan kiya. anil janavijya, pratishtha sharma, dharmendr Kumar Singh, dvijendr “advij”, prakaash baadal tatha shraddha jain ne kavita kosh ke vikaas mein mahatvapoorn yogadaan diya.
  • maithili gupt ne computer aur intaranet par hindi ke vikaas ke liye kai mahatvapoorn kaam kiye:
  • inhonne krutidev naamak lokapriya naun-yoonikod faunt banaaya.
  • inhonne hindeepaid banaaya jo romanaaijd tareeke se hindi (naun-yoonikod, krutidev faunt mein) type karne ke liye pehla aujaar tha.
  • blaugavaani naamak blog ऍgreegetar website banaaya.
  • inhonne “akaifehindi taaiping toola” naamak aujaar ka nirmaan kiya jiski sahaayata se log romanaaijd, susha aur krutidev shaili mein yoonikodit hindi type kar sakte hain
  • inhonne “aindinetara” naamak faunt parivrtak ka nirmaan kiya
  • iske baad inhonne “aindinetar script kanvartara” naamak aujaar banaaya jo hindi lipi ko anya bhaarateeya bhaashaaon ki lipiyon mein badalta hai.
  • baalendu sharma daadheech ki or se viksit ni:shulk maanak hindi yoonikod inaskript taaiping software 'sparsh' ka antararaashtreeya hindi sammelan, 2001 ke dauraan London mein lokaarpan hua.
  • gora mohanti ne links tantr mein hindi vartani, chhantaai ityaadi ke liye mahatvapoorn kaam kiye.
  • aalok Kumar tatha Dr. vipul jain ne chitthaajagat.in naamak bahu-suvidha yukt blog ऍgreegetar banaaya. ismein unhonein anya bhaarateeya lipiyon mein hindi saamagri ko online padhne ki suvidha bhi pradaan ki.
  • sachin Joshi ne hindi ka muft va mukt vaak pehchaan program banaaya.
  • jeetendr shaah ne indiktraaains tatha janabhaarati ke jariye hindi/maraathi ke liye bahut se prograamon, faunton tatha online aujaaron ko upalabdh karavaaya.

sandarbh

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain