hindi bhaasha ka itihaas

hin‍aadi bhaasha ka itihaas lagbhag ek hajaar varsh puraana maana gaya hai. saamaanyat: praakrut ki antim apabhransh avastha se hi hindi saahitya ka aavirbhaav sveekaar kiya jaata hai. us samay apabhransh ke kai roop the aur unamein saataveen-aathaveen shataabdi se hi 'padm' rachana praarambh ho gayi thi. hin‍aadi bhaasha va saahit‍aaya ke jaankaar apabhransh ki antim avas‍aatha 'avahatth' se hin‍aadi ka udbhav s‍aaveekaar karte hain. chandradhar sharma 'guleri' ne isi avahatth ko 'puraani hin‍aadi' naam diya.

saahitya ki drushti se padyabaddh jo rachanaaeain milti hain ve doha roop mein hi hain aur unke vishay, dharm, neeti, upadesh aadi pramukh hain. raajaashrit kavi aur chaaran neeti, shrrungaar, shaurya, paraakram aadi ke varnan se apni saahitya-ruchi ka parichay diya karte the. yeh rachana-parampara aage chalakar shairaseni apabhransh ya praakrutaabhaas hindi mein kai varshon tak chalti rahi. puraani apabhransh bhaasha aur bolachaal ki deshi bhaasha ka prayog nirntar badhta gaya. is bhaasha ko vidyaapati ne 'desi bhaasha' kaha hai, kintu yeh nirnaya karna saral naheen hai ki 'hindi' shabd ka prayog is bhaasha ke liye kab aur kis desh mein praarambh hua. haaain, itna avashya kaha ja sakta hai ki praarambh mein hindi shabd ka prayog videshi musalmaanon ne kiya tha. is shabd se unka taatparya 'bhaarateeya bhaasha' ka tha.

anukram

madh‍aayakaaleen hin‍aadi

s‍aavatantrata ke baad ki hin‍aadi

in‍aataranet yug mein hin‍aadi

yeh bhi dekhein

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaan