hindan nadi

hindan (haranadi, haranandi)
nadi
desh Bhaarat
shahar sahaaranapur, Meerut, baranaava, Ghaziabad
srot oopari shivaalik
- sthaan sahaaranapur jila, Bhaarat
- nirdeshaank 35°a05′aN 77°a08′aE / 35.083°aN 77.133°aE / 35.083; 77.133
muhaana yamuna
- nirdeshaank 28°a04′aN 77°a04′aE / 28.067°aN 77.067°aE / 28.067; 77.067
lanbaai 400 ki.mi. (249 meal)
besin 7,083 ki.mi.² (2,735 varg meal)

hindan nadi, uttari Bhaarat mein yamuna nadi ki ek sahaayak nadi hai. iska puraatan naam haranadi ya haranandi bhi tha.[1][2] iska udgam sahaaranapur jila mein nichle himaalaya kshetr ke oopari shivaalik parvatamaala mein sthit hai. yeh poornat: varsha-aashrit nadi hai aur iska besin kshetr 7,083 varg ki॰ mee॰ hai. yeh ganga aur yamuna nadiyon ke beech lagbhag 400 ki॰ mee॰ ki lambaai mein mujffaranagar jila, Meerut jila, baagapat jila, Ghaziabad, Noida, greater Noida se nikalte hue Delhi se kuchh doori par yamuna mil jaati hai.[3] kabhi mahanagar ki pehchaan maani jaane waali hindan nadi ka astitv khatre mein hai. iska paani peene laayak to kabhi raha naheen, ab is nadi mein pradooshan itna badh chuka hai ki jaleeya praaniyon ka astitv khatre mein pad gaya hai. aise mein hindan nadi ab keval shodh karne tak hi seemit rah gayi hai. ismein okseejan ki maatra lagaataar ghatati ja rahi hai. varsha ritu mein bhi yeh lagbhag jalaviheen rahati hai. nadi mein lagaataar audyogik apashisht va poojan saamagri aadi daale jaane se usamein ghulit okseejan ki maatra do se teen mileegraam prati liter rah gayi hai. shodhakarta dau॰ prasoom tyaagi ke anusaar praay: okseejan ka star 60 lakh mileegraam prati liter ya jyaada hona chaahiye. yahi kaaran hai ki nadi mein mohan nagar va chhagaarasi ke paas hi jaleeya jeevan ke naam par keval kaaironaus laarva hi bacha hai, jo bhaari jal pradooshan ka sanket hai. yeh sookshm jeev ki shreni mein aata hai.[4]

hindan nadi mein mohan nagar audyogik kshetr se distalari ka apashisht, vest dischaarj, dhaarmik poojan saamagri va malamootr milte hain. iske baad chhagaarasi gram mein pashuon ko nahalaana va khanan aadi hota hai, jiske kaaran pradooshan mein badhottari hoti hai. lagbhag das saal pehle tak nadi mein anek kasheruki praani, machhaliyaan va medhk aadi milte the, jo ki vartamaan mein maatr sookshmajeev, kaaironaumas laarva, nepidi, blaastonetidi, faaiseedi, plainerobidi parivaar ke sadasya hi bache hain.[4]

sahaayak nadiyaan

doon ghaati se niklati kaali nadi, 150 ki॰mee॰ ki yaatra mein sahaaranapur, mujaffaranagar, merathaaur Ghaziabad hote hue hindan nadi mein iske yamuna mein milan se poorv hi milti hai. kaali nadi bhi uchch pradooshan lekar chalti hai va pashchimi uttar pradesh ka bahut sa pradooshit jal yamuna ko pahunchaati hai.[3][5]

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain