harita

van mein maus
chattaan par harita (maus)

harita ya maus (Moss) apushpak paadap hai. braayofaaita varg ke is prachalit paudhe mein vaastavik jadon ka abhaav rahata hai. yeh saamaanyat: 1 se 10 se. mi. lamba hota hai. yeh chhaayaadaar evam nam jagahon par samuhon mein ugata hai. yeh bina jad ka paudha hai. iski 1200 se adhik jaatiyaaain hain.[1]

braayofaaita ke ek varg masaai (Musci) ya braayopasida (Bryopsida) ke antargat lagbhag 14000 jaatiyaaain pai jaati hain. ye pruthvi ke har bhaag mein paae jaate hain. ye chhaaya tatha sarvatha nam sthaanon mein ped ki chhaal, chattaanon aadi par ugate hain. inke mukhya udaaharan sfaignam (Sphagnum), (jo Europe ke peet mein bahut ugata hai), endriya (Andreaea), fyooneriya (Funaria), poleetraaikam (Polytrichum), baaravula (Barbula) sh ityaadi hain.

parichay

maus ek chhota sa ek ya do semi ooaincha paudha hain, ismein jadon ke bajaay moolaamaas (Rhizoid) hote hain jo jal tatha lavan lene mein madad karte hain. tana patala, mulaayam aur hara hota hai, inapar chhoti chhoti mulaayam pattiyaaain dhani tarah se lagi hoti hain jiske kaaran maus paudhon ka samooh ek hare makhamal ki chataai jaisa lagta hai. prajanan ke hetu in paudhon mein streedhaani (Archegonium) tatha pradhaani mein nar yugmak bante hain jo iske baahar aakar apni do baal jaisi pakshaabhika (Celia) ki madad se paani mein tairakar streedhaani tak pahuainchate hain aur uske andar maada yugmak se mil jaate hain. garbhaadhaan ke pashchaat‌ beejaanu udbhiv ya kaipsool banta hai jiske andar chhote chhote hajaaron beejaanu bante hain. ye beejaanu hava mein tairate hue pruthvi par idhar udhar bikhr jaate hain aur ek nae aakaar ko janm dete hain. inhein prathamatantu (Protonema) kehte hain. ye jaldi hi nae maus paudhe ko janm dete hain.

maus mitti ka nirmaan karte hain. unki chhoti chhoti yoolikaaeain dheere dheere kaarya karti hui chattaanon ko chhote chhote kanon mein tod deti hain. samay paakar ve pattharon ko dhool mein parint kar dete hain. inki pattiyaaain vaayu ke dhoolakanon ko rokakar dheere dheere mitti ko gahari bana deti hain. maus varsha ke jal ko bhi rok rakhata hai. isse mitti geeli rahati hai jahaaain anya paudhe aakar ruk jaate aur panapate hain. mitti mein jal ko rokakar maus baadh se bhi bachaate hain. maus ke baarabaar ugane aur mar jaane se vahaaain samay paakar peet naamak koyala banta hai jiska vyavahaar jalaavan ke roop mein hota hai. mitti ke saath milkar maus use upajaaoo bhi banaata hai. maus se mitti mein jal rok rakha jaata hai. peet ke daladal anek deshon, jaise Germany, sveedan, haulaind Ireland aur sanyukt raajya amareeka ke anek bhaagon mein paae jaate hain.

sandarbh

  1. Goffinet, Bernard; William R. Buck (2004). "Systematics of the Bryophyta (Mosses): From molecules to a revised classification". Monographs in Systematic Botany (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 98: 205–239.