haripur jila

jila haripur
د هaaرaaيaaپaaوaaر وaaلaaسaaوaaاaaلaaۍ
ضaaلaaع ہaaرaaی پaaوaaر
मानचित्र जिसमें ज़िला हरिपुरد هريپور ولسوالۍضلع ہری پور हाइलाइटेड है
soochana
rajdhani : haripur
kshetrafal : 1,725 kimee²
janasankhya(2005):
ghanatv :
8,03,000
466/kimee²
upavibhaagon ke naam: tahaseel
upavibhaagon ki sankhya: 3
mukhya bhaasha(eain): hindako, pashto


haripur (urdoo: ہaaرaaی پaaوaaر, pashto: هaaرaaيaaپaaوaaر, angreji: Mansehra) Pakistan ke khaibar-pakhtoonakhva praant ka ek jila hai. iske pashchim mein svaabi jila, pashchimottar mein buner jila, uttar mein maanasehara jila, poorvottar mein aibtaabaad jila aur dakshin mein Punjab praant padta hai. haripur jila aitihaasik hajaara kshetr ka hissa hai, jo khaibar-pakhtoonakhva mein hone ke baavajood ek punjabi prabhaavit kshetr maana jaata hai.

anukram

naam ki jade

'haripur' ka naam sikh saamraajya ke samraat ranajeet Singh ke mashahoor siphasaalaar hari Singh nalava par pada hai. is poore kshetr par unhonne afgaan niyantran khtm karke sikh saamraajya ke adheen kar liya tha. 1822 mein unhonne hi haripur shahar ki sthaapana ki thi.

itihaas

haripur jila praacheen gandhaar sanskruti ke theek kendra mein sthit hai. jab sikandar mahaan ne Bhaarat par hamla bola to takshasheel-samet is poore ilaake ko 'poorvi gandhaar' bulaaya jaata tha aur iski sarahadein poorv mein Kashmir tak pahuainchati theen. bahut se itihaasakaaron ka maanana hai ki vedon ke kai mantron ki rachana isi kshetr mein sindhu nadi ke kinaare ki gayi thi. maurya saamraajya ke jmaane mein jab bindusaar samraat the to unke aage jaakar jag-prasidd hone wala putr ashok mahaan is kshetr ka raajyapaal tha. tibbati bauddh-kathaaon ke anusaar ashok ki aage jaakar mrutyu bhi isi ilaake mein hui.

aage chalakar is poore kshetr par pashtoon niyantran ho gaya. jab sikh saamraajya ka sooryodaya hua to sikkhon ne poore hajaara kshetr par kbja kar liya. 1819 mein sikhon ne barakaj​aai afgaanon ko haraakar unase Kashmir aur uttari hajaara chheen liya.[1] 1821 mein mahaaraaja ranajeet Singh ke siphasaalaar hari Singh nalava ne apna Kashmir ke raajyapaal ka kaaryakaal khtm kiya to unhein mahaaraaja dvaara pakhli aur dhamataura​ ke kshetr jaageer mein bakhshe gaye. 1822 mein unhonne kot najeebullaah ke mukaddam musharraf ki rai maanate hue haripur shahar ki buniyaad rakhi. is ilaake mein pashtoonon aur sikhon ke beech pehle kaafi ghamaasaan ladaaiyaaain ho chuki thi isliye unhonne poori basti ke ird-gird ek chaar gj moti aur 16 gj ooainchi deevaar banvaai. is kile ka naam harikishnagadh rakha gaya. dheere-dheere ilaaka shaant ho gaya aur 1835 mein jab jarman yaatri bairan hoyagel (Baron Heugel) yahaaain se gujra to usane paaya ki yeh raksha-deevaar kaafi dhah chuki thi kyonki ab iski jrurat naheen mahasoos ki ja rahi thi.[2]

haripur falata-foolata gaya aur ek vistrut shahar aur jila ban gaya. March 1849 mein jab angrejon ne sikh saamraajya par kbja karke use british raaj ka hissa bana diya to yeh ilaaka bhi usaka bhaag ho gaya. jemj aibat (James Abbott) hajaara kshetr ka pehla deputy commissioner bana aur haripur hajaara ka mukhyaalaya. uske 1849-1853 ke kaaryakaal mein haripur ka yahi prashaasanik sthaan raha lekin uske jaane ke baad aibtaabaad ka shahar nirmit hua aur vah mukhyaalaya ban gaya. aibat dvaara haripur shahar aur uske harikishnagadh kile ki tasveer prasidd hai.[3]

vivran

haripur ke 70% log hindako bhaasha bolte hain jo punjabi ki ek upabhaasha hai. iske alaava yahaaain urdoo, pashto, gojari (gujjar bhaasha), pahaadi (dogari) aur potohaari bhi boli jaati hain. yeh khaibar-pakhtoonakhva praant ke adhik viksit ilaakon mein gina jaata hai - yahaaain ka saaksharata dar praanteeya star se ooaincha aur parivaaron mein bachchon ki ausat sankhya praanteeya star se neechi hai. ismein kai college hain, jismein do post-graijuet college aur chaar ladkiyon ke degree college shaamil hain. haripur raashtreeya rajdhani Islamabad ke najdeek hai aur yahaaain se fal-sabjiyaaain Islamabad aur peshaavar donon bheji jaati hain. idhar udyog bhi kaafi panapa hai aur jile mein cheen ke sahayog se bana kaiktas frtilaaijra​ kaarakhaana poore desh ke liye raasaayanik khaad banta hai.

haripur mein teen tahaseelein hain - haripur tahaseel, gaaji tahaseel aur khaanapur tahaseel.

haripur jile ke kuchh najaare

inhein bhi dekhein

sandarbh

  1. Nalwa, V. (2009), Hari Singh Nalwa - Champion of the Khalsaji, New Delhi: Manohar, pp. 77-104, ISBN 81-7304-785-5.
  2. Nalwa, V. (2009), Hari Singh Nalwa - Champion of the Khalsaji, New Delhi: Manohar, pp. 224-5, ISBN 81-7304-785-5.
  3. 'The Rock Aornos from Huzara' - British Library Online Gallery