haj

2008 ke haj ke dauraan masjid al-haram ki teerthayaatra

haj (arabi : حaaج haj " teerthayaatra"), ek islaami teerthayaatra aur muslim logon ka pavitra shahar makka mein prativrsh hone wala vishv ka sabse bada jamaavada hai.[1][2] yeh islaam ke paaainch stambhon mein se ek hai, saath hi yeh ek dhaarmik kartavya hai jise apne jeevanakaal mein kam se kam ek baar poora karna har us muslim chaahe stri ho ya purush ka kartavya hai jo saksham shareer hone ke saath saath iska kharch bhi utha paane mein samarth ho.[3] shaareerik aur aarthik roop se haj karne mein saksham hone ki sthiti ko isti'taah kaha jaata hai aur vo muslim hai jo is shart ko poora karta hai mustaati kahalaata hai. haj muslim logon ki ekajutata ka pradarshan hone ke saath saath unka Allah (ishvar) mein vishvaas hone ka bhi dyotak hai.[4]

yeh teerthayaatra islaami calendar ke 12 vein aur antim maheene dhoo al hijjaah ki 8 veen se 12 veen taareekh tak ki jaati hai. islaami calendar ek chandra calendar hai isliye ismein, pashchimi deshon mein prayog mein aane vaale gregoriyn calendar se gyaarah din kam hote hain, iseeliye gregoriyn calendar ke anusaar haj ki taareekhein saal dar saal badalti rahati hain. iharam vo vishesh aadhyaatmik sthiti hai jismein musalmaan haj ko dauraan rahate hain.

7 veen shataabdi se haj islaami paiganbar muhammad ke jeevan ke saath juda hua hai, lekin musalmaan maanate hain ki makka ki teerthayaatra ki yeh rasm hajaaron saalon se yaani ki ibraaheem ke samay se chali aa rahi hai. teerthayaatri un laakhon logon ke juloos mein shaamil hote hain jo ek saath haj ke saptaah mein makka mein jama hote hain aur yahan par kai anushthaanon mein hissa lete hain: pratyek vyakti ek ghanaakaar imaarat kaaba ke chaaron or vaamaavart saat baar chalta hai jo ki muslimon ke liye praarthana ki disha hai, al safa aur al maaravaah naamak pahaadiyon ke beech aage aur peechhe chalta hai, jmajm ke kuen se paani peeta hai, chaukasi mein khada hone ke liye araafaat parvat ke maidaanon mein jaata hai aur ek shaitaan ko patthar maarane ki rasm poora karne ke liye patthar feinkata hai. uske baad teerthayaatri apne sar mundavaate hain, pashu bali ki rasm karte hain aur iske baad Eid ul-adha naamak teen divseeya vaishvik utsav manaate hain.[5][6][7]


sandarbh

  1. Hajj pilgrimage 2011: by numbers
  2. Hajj 2012: Muslims Embark On Pilgrimage To Mecca
  3. Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs - Islam See drop-down essay on "Islamic Practices"
  4. Dalia Salah-El-Deen, Significance of Pilgrimage (Hajj)
  5. Karen Armstrong (2000,2002). Islam: A Short History. pp. 10–12. aai॰aऍsa॰abee॰aऍna॰ 0-8129-6618-X.
  6. sandarbh truti: <ref> ka galat prayog; ngeo naam ke sandarbh mein jaankaari naheen hai.
  7. "BBC - Religion & Ethics - Eid el Adha". http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/holydays/eiduladha.shtml. abhigman tithi: December 2007, December 30, 2012.