haavada

haavada
হaaাaaওaaডaa়aaা
Howrah
mahanagar
Ravindra setu (haavada brij)
upanaam: poorv ka sheffeeld
हावड़ा is located in पश्चिम बंगाल
haavada
nirdeshaank : 22°a35′aN 88°a19′aE / 22.59°aN 88.31°aE / 22.59; 88.31Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 22°a35′aN 88°a19′aE / 22.59°aN 88.31°aE / 22.59; 88.31
desh Bhaarat
raajya pashchim Bengal
jila haavada jila
samay mandal bhaarateeya maanak samay (UTC +5:30)
pin code 711xxx
lingaanupaat 904 /
lok sabha kshetr haavada
vidhaan sabha kshetr haavada uttar, haavada madhya, haavada dakshin, shibpur
prashaasan haavada mahanagar paalika(deerdhabhaag), evam baali nagar paalika (uttari kshanik bhaag)
mahaapaur rathin chakravarti (Trinamool kaaaingres)
janasankhya 1072161 (2011 janaganana)
oonchaai 12
jaalasthal howrah.gov.in

haavada(angreji: Howrah, baangla: হaaাaaওaaডaa়aaা) , Bhaarat ke pashchim Bengal raajya ka ek audyogik shahar, pashchim Bengal ka doosra sabse bada shahar evam haavada jila evam haavad sadar ka mukhyaalaya hai. hugali nadi ke daahine tat par sthit, yeh shahar Calcutta, ke judva ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, jo kisi jmaane mein Bhaarat ki angreji sarkaar ki rajdhani aur Bhaarat evam vishv ke sabse prabhaavashaali evam dhani nagaron mein se ek hua karta tha. raveendr setu, vivekaanand setu, nivedita setu evam vidyaasaagar setu ise hugali nadi ke poorvi kinaare par sthit pashchim Bengal ki rajdhani, Kolkata se jodte hain. aaj bhi haavad, Kolkata ke judva ke roop mein jaana jaata hai, samaanataaen hone ke baavajood haavada nagar ki bhinn pehchaan hai.

samudratal se maatr 12 meter ooaincha yeh shahar relamaarg evam sadak maargon dvaara sampoorn Bhaarat se achhi tarah juda hua hai. yahaaain ka sabse pramukh railway station haavada jankshan railway station hai. haavada station poorv railway tatha dakshinpoorv railway ka mukhyaalaya hai. haavad station ke alaava haavada nagar kshetr main aur 6 railway station hain tatha ek aur terminal shaaleemaar railway terminal bhi sthit hai. raashtreeya raajamaarg 2 evam raashtreeya raajamaarg 6 ise Delhi va mumbai se jodte hain. haavada nagar ke antargat sibpur, ghusuri, liluaa, salakhiya tatha raamakrushnapur upanagar sammilit hain.

anukram

naam karan

haavada ka naam, bangaali shabd "haaor" (bangala:হaaাaaওaaর) se aaya hai jo ki bangaali mein paani, keechad aur jame hue jaivik malabe ke pokhad liye istemaal hota hai. vaigyaanik roop se haaor ek avasaad hai, jo ek nadi daladal ya jheel hota hai. is shabd ka upayog Bengal ke poorvi hisse mein jyaada hua karta tha, jo ab Bangladesh hai.

itihaas

maujooda haavada nagar ka gyaat itihaas kareeb 500 saal puraana hai. parantu havada jila kshetr ka itihaas praacheen bangaali raajya bhurashut (bangaali: ভaaুaaরaaশaaুaaট) se juda hai, jo praacheen kaal se 15veen shataabdi tak, haavada jila aur hugali jila ke kshetr par shaasan karti thi. san 1569-75 mein Bhaarat bhraman kar rahe venis ke ek bhramanakarta sejr fedareechi (angreji: Caesar Federichi) ne apne Bhaarat daure ki apni dainiki mein 1578 E mein buttor (Buttor) naamak ek jagah ka varnan kiya tha. unke vivran ke anusaar vah ek aisa sthaan tha jahaan bahut bade jahaaj bhi yaatra kar sakta the aur vah sambhavat: ek vaanijyik bandargaah bhi tha. unka yeh vivran maujooda haavada ke baator ilaake ka hai. baator ka ullekh 1495 mein bipradaas peepili dvaara likhi bangaali kavita maanasamangal main bhi hai.

san 1713 main mugl shahanshaah aurangajeb ke pote shahanshaah farrukhshiyaar ke raajatilk ke mauke par british East India company ne mugl darbaar mein ek pratinidhimandal bheja tha, jiska uddheshya hugali nadi ke poorv ke 34 aur pashchim ke paanch gaanv: salakiya (Salica), hariraah (Harirah athva haavada), kasundi (Cassundea) baator (battar) aur raamakrushnapur (Ramkrishnopoor) ko mugalon se khareedna tha. shahanshaah ne keval poorv ke 34 gaanvon par sandhi ki. company ke puraane dastaavejon mein in gaanvon ka ullekh hai. aaj ye saare gaanv haavada shahar ke kshetr aur upanagar hain. san 1728 haavada ke jyaadaatar ilaake "bardhamaan" aur "muhammand ameenapur" jmeenadaari ka hissa the. plaasi ke yuddh mein paraajaya ke pashchaat, Bengal ke navaab meer kaasim ne 11 October 1760 mein ek sandhi dvaara hugali aur haavada ke saare ilaake british company ko saunp diye, tatpashchaat haavada ko bardhamaan jile ka hissa bana diya gaya. san 1787 mein hugali jile ko bardhamaan se alag kiya gaya aur 1843 mein haavada ko hugali jila se alag kar haavada jila banaaya gaya, jo ab bhi kaayam hai.

san 1854 mein haavada jankshan railway station ko sthaapit kiya gaya aur usi ke saath shuroo hua haavada nagar ka audyaugik vikaas, jisne shahar ko Calcutta ke ek aam se upanagar ko bhaaratavarsh ka ek mahatvapoorn audyaugik kendra bana diya. dheere-dheere haavada ke kshetr mein kai prakaar ke chhote, madhya aur bhaari praudyaugik udyog khul gaye. yeh vikaas doosare vishv yuddh tak jaari raha jiska nateeja hua, nagar ka har disha mein trailokik vistaar. is prakaar ke audyaugik visfot ka ek pahaloo atyant apravaasan aur us se paida hua nagar ka aniyamit vistaar bhi tha.

aaj haavada apne udyogon, railway tarmins aur haavada brij ke liye jaana jaata hai.

mausam

haavada ke liye mausam jaankaari
maheena January fravari March April May June July August sitmbar October November December varsh
ausat adhiktam °aC (°aF) 26
(79)
29
(84)
33
(91)
36
(97)
36
(97)
34
(93)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
27
(81)
31.8
(89.3)
ausat nyoonatam °aC (°aF) 12
(54)
16
(61)
21
(70)
24
(75)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(75)
19
(66)
14
(57)
21.6
(70.9)
himpaat/varsha mm (inch) 19.2
(0.756)
39.4
(1.551)
38
(1.5)
49.5
(1.949)
132.7
(5.224)
245.9
(9.681)
347.6
(13.685)
322.4
(12.693)
291.2
(11.465)
163.6
(6.441)
27.9
(1.098)
5.7
(0.224)
1,683.1
(66.264)
srot: Howrah Weather

prashaasan

haavada mahanagar paalika
haavada nagar paalika baajaar

haavada nagar paalika san 1862 se 1896 , poore haavada shahar mein svaksh paani ki aapoorti ke liye sthaapit kiya gaya tha. yan 1882-83 ke dauraan, uttar haavada ke baali ke ilaake ko haavada nagar paalika se alag kar baali nagar paalika ka gathan kiya gaya tha. 1980 ke haavada nagar nigam adhiniyam ke anusaar, haavada 1984. nigam ka kshetr mein pachaas wardon mein vibhaajit hai. har ward ek paarshad ka chunaav karta hai. nigam adhyaksh (mayor) ke netrutv mein aur aayukt evam adhikaariyon dvaara samarthit nagar nigam parishd nigam kshetr ke prashaasan ke liye jimmedaar hai. vartamaan parishd Trinamool kaaaingres ke netritv ki hai.haavada police aayuktaalaya(angreji: Howrah Police Commisionerate) shahar mein kaanoon pravartan ke liye jimmedaar hai.

parivaahan

haavada jila

haauda (haabada) pashchimi Bengal (Bhaarat) ka ek jila hai. iska kshetrafal 1472 varg kimi hai. uttar evam dakshin mein hugali tatha midnaapur jile hain. iski poorvi tatha pashchimi seemaaeain kramash: hugali evam roopanaaraayan nadiyaaain hain. Damodar nadi is jile ke beechobeech bahti hai. kaana Damodar tatha sarasvati anya nadiyaaain hain. nadiyon ke beech neechi daladali bhoomi milti hai. raajaapur daladal sabse vistrut hai. varsha saamaanyat: 145 semi hai. dhaan mukhya fasal hai par gehooain, jau, makai tatha joot bhi upajaae jaate hain.

prasiddh naagrik

  • sharat chandra chatarji - upanyaasakaar
  • mahesh chandr nyaayaratn Bhattacharya - saamaajik kaaryakarta, vidvaan
  • Narayan debanaath - kalaakaar, haasya lekhak
  • manishankar mukharji - lekhak
  • Robin mandal- kalaakaar
  • tulasi chakravarti - abhineta
  • shishir bhaadudi - abhineta
  • rudranil ghosh - abhineta
  • kaanan devi - abhinetri
  • poornendoo paatri - kalaakaar, lekhak aur film nirmaata
  • mahendralaal sarkaar - Doctor
  • manoj tivaari - cricketer
  • shyaama shau - cricketer
  • shreevats Goswami - cricketer
  • lakshmi ratan shukla - cricketer
  • sudeep chatarji - footballer
  • bikaash paanji - footballer
  • satyajeet chatarji - footballer
  • sailen manna - footballer
  • samar Bannerjee - footballer
  • bankimchandr chattopaadhyaaya - upanyaasakaar