haagiya sofiya

haagiya sofiya ka baahari drushya.

haagiya sofiya ya aayaasofiya (Church of Holy Wisdom ya vartamaan aayaadafaya sangrahaalaya) ek poorv poorvi aarathodokas church[1] jise 1453 mein jeet kasnniya ke baad usmaan bijaantinon ne masjid mein badal diya. 1935 mein aataaturk ne usaki girje va masjid ke roop samaapt karke use sangrahaalaya bana diya. haagiya sofiya Turkey ke shahar istaanbul mein sthit hai aur balaashak aur sandeh duniya ke itihaas mein sabse imaaraton mein gina jaata hai.
laatini bhaasha mein use seinkata sofiya (Sancta Sophia) aur Turkey bhaasha mein aayaasofiya (Ayasofya) kaha jaata hai. angreji mein kabhi kabhi use seint sofiya(Saint Sophia) bhi kaha jaata hai.

itihaas

haagiya sofiya ek aantarik drushya.

4 shataabdi ke dauraan yahaan nirmaan hone vaale girje koi aasaar ab naheen. pehle girje ki tabaahi ke baad kasnatiyn panna bete kasnatiys sameeksha ise banavaaya lekin 532 mein church bhi dangon aur hangaamon ki bheint chadh gaya. use jasteneen panna ne fir nirmaan karaaya aur 27 December 537 A ko poora hua. yeh church aashabaileh ke girje ke nirmaan tak ek hajaar se adhik saal tak duniya ka sabse bada church hai. haagiya sofiya kai baar jlsalon ka shikaar raha jismein 558 mein iska gunbad garagaya aur 563 mein usaki jagah fir lagaaya jaane wala gunbad bhi tabaah ho gaya. 989 ke bhookamp mein bhi use nuksaan pahuncha. 1453 mein kasnniya ki usmaan saamraajya mein shaamil hone ke baad haagiya sofiya ek masjid bana diya gaya aur yeh sthiti 1935 tak barkaraar rahi jab kamaal aataaturk ne use sangrahaalaya mein tabdeel kar diya.

gunbad ki tajin rogi alag kiya.

haagiya sofiya nissandeh beejaantin vaastukala ka ek utkrusht tha jisse usmaan vaastushilp ne janm liya. itamaaneeon ki sthaapit anya masjidon prince masjid sulaimaan masjid aur rustam paasha masjid haagiya sofiya ke vaastushilp se prabhaavit hain. usmaan daur mein masjid mein kai nirmaan kaarya kiye gaye jinmein sabse prasiddh 16 veen sadi ke prasiddh visheshagya nirmaan nirmaata snaan paasha nirmaan hai jismein nae menaaron sthaapit bhi shaamil the jo aaj tak kaayam hai. 19 veen sadi mein masjid mein mimbar nirmaan aur madhya mein hajrat muhammad s upakaran aur slim aur chaaron rifaaie raashadeen naam ki kratayaaain sthaapit ki gain. uske sundar gunbad ka vyaas 31 meter (102 feet) hai aur yeh 56 meter oopar hai.

sandarbh

  1. "(angreji) konstaantinopl". new edaveint. 2009. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04301a.htm. abhigman tithi: 28 July 2012.