guru har rai

guru hari rai
ਗaaੁaaਰaaੂ ਹaaਰaaਿaaਰaaਾaaਇ
janm 16 January 1630
keeratapur saahib, roopanagar, Punjab, Bhaarat
mrutyu 6 October, 1661
keeratapur saahib, Bhaarat
anya naam saptam naanak
sakriya varsh 1644–1661
uttaraadhikaari guru haragobind Singh
poorvaadhikaari guru harakishn
jeevanasaathi maata krushan Kaur
santaan Baba Ram rai aur guru harakishn
sikh dharm
par ek shreni ka bhaag

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sikh dharm ka itihaas
sikh maanyataaen
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sikh guru

sikh bhagat

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darshan
maanyataayein aur siddhaant
nihit moolya
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takaneek aur vidhiyaan
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sikh vyavahaar • soochi

granth
guru granth saahib
aadi granthdasham granth

shreniyaan
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sikh guruon ke parivaar
gurudvaara . teerth
raajaneeti

sikh dharm par lekh
praveshadvaar: sikh dharm

is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad
swayam guru hari rai ki hastaleepi mein likha hua mool mantra

har rai ya guroo har rai(punjabi: ਗaaੁaaਰaaੂ ਹaaਰaaਿaaਰaaਾaaਇ) sikhon ke saatavein guru the. guroo hararaaya ji ek mahaan aadhyaatmik va raashtravaadi mahaapurush evam ek yoddha bhi the. unka janm san 1630 i0 mein keeratapur ropad mein hua tha. guroo haragovind saahib ji ne mrutyoo se pehle, apne pote hararaaya ji ko 14 varsh ki chhoti aayu mein 3 March 1644 ko 'saptam‌ naanak' ke roop mein ghoshit kiya tha. guroo hararaaya saahib ji, Baba guraditta ji evam maata nihaal Kaur ji ke putr the. guroo hararaaya saahib ji ka vivaah maata kishn Kaur ji, jo ki anoop shahar (bulandashahar), uttar pradesh ke shri daya Ram ji ki putri thi, har soodi 3, samvat 1697 ko hua. guroo hararaaya saahib ji ke do putr the shri raamaraaya ji aur shri harakishn saahib ji (guroo) the.

guroo hararaaya saahib ji ka shaant vyaktitv logon ko prabhaavit karta tha. guru hararaaya saahib ji ne apne daada guroo haragovind saahib ji ke sikh yoddhaaon ke dal ko punargathit kiya. unhonne sikh yoddhaaon mein naveen praan sanchaarit kiye. ve ek aadhyaatmik purush hone ke saath-saath ek raajaneetijnya bhi the. apne raashtra kendrit vichaaron ke kaaran mugal aurangajeb ko pareshaani ho rahi thi. aurangajeb ka aarop tha ki guroo hararaaya saahib ji ne daara shikoh (shaahajahaan ke sabse bade putr) ki sahaayata ki hai. daara shikoh sanskrut bhaasha ke vidvaan the. aur bhaarateeya jeevan darshan unhein prabhaavit karne laga tha.

ek baar guroo hararaaya saahib ji maalava aur doaaba kshetr se pravaas karke laut rahe the, to mohammad yaarabeg Khan ne unke kaafile par apne ek hajaar sashastr sainikon ke saath hamla bol diya. is achaanak hue aakraman ka guroo hararaaya saahib ji ne sikh yoddhaaon ke saath milkar bahut hi dileri evam bahaaduri ke saath pratyottar diya. dushman ko jaan va maal ki bhaari haani hui evam ve yuddh ke maidaan se bhaag nikle. aatm suraksha ke liye sashastr aavashyak the, bhale hi vyaktigat jeevan mein ve ahinsa paramo dharm ke siddhaant ko aham maanate hon. guroo hararaaya saahib ji praay: sikh yoddhaaon ko bahaaduri ke puraskaaron se navaaja karte the.

guroo hararaaya saahib ji ne keeratapur mein ek ayurvedik jadi-booti davaaiyon ka aspataal evam

anasudhaan kendra ki sthaapana bhi ki. ek baar daara shikoh kisi anajaani beemaari se grast hua. har prakaar ke sabse behtar hakeemon se salaah li gayi. parantu kisi prakaar koi bhi sudhaar na aaya. ant mein guroo saahib ki krupa se usaka ilaaj hua. is prakaar daara shikoh ko maut ke munh se bacha liya gaya.

guroo hararaaya saahib ne Lahore, siyaalakot, pathaanakot, saamba, raamagadh evam Jammu evam Kashmir ke vibhinn kshetron ka pravaas bhi kiya. unhone 360 manjiyon ki sthaapana ki. unhone bhrasht ÷amasand paddhati' sudhaarane hetu suthareshaah, saahiba, sangatiye, minya saahib, bhagat Bhagwan, bhagat mal evam jeet mal bhagat jaise pavitra evam aadhyaatmik logon ko manjiyon ka pramukh niyukt kiya.

guroo hararaaya saahib ne apne guroopad kaal ke dauraan bahut si kathinaaiyon ka saamana kiya. bhrasht masand, dheeramal evam minhaas jaison ne sikh panth ke prasaar mein baadhaaen utpann ki. shaahajahaan ki mrutyu ke baad gair muslimon ke prati shaasak aurangajeb ka rukh aur kada ho gaya.

mugal shaasak aurangajeb ne satta sangharsh ki sthitiyon mein, guroo hararaaya saahib ji dvaara ki gayi daara shikoh ki madad ko raajanaitik bahaana banaaya. usane guroo saahib par bebuniyaad aarop lagaaye. unhein Delhi mein pesh hone ka hukm diya gaya. guroo hararaaya saahib ji ke badle raamaraaya ji Delhi gaye. unhonne dheeramal evam minhaas dvaara sikh dharm evam guroo ghar ke prati failaayi gayi bhraantiyon ko spasht karne ka prayaas kiya. raamaraaya ji ne mugal darbaar mein gurabaani ki trutipoorn vyaakhya ki. us samay ki raajanaitik paristhitiyon evam guru maryaada ki drushti se yeh sab nindaneeya tha.

jab guroo hararaaya saahib ji ko is ghatna ke baare mein bataaya gaya to unhone Ram rai ji ko turant sikh panth se nishkaasit kiya. raashtra ke svaabhimaan va gurughar ki paramparaaon ke viruddh kaarya karne ke kaaran raamaraaya ji ko yeh kada dand diya gaya. is ghatna ne sikhon mein desh ke prati kya kartavya hone chaahiye, aise bhaavon ka sanchaar hua. sikh is ghatna ke baad guru ghar ki paramparaaon ke prati aunashaasit ho gaye. is prakaar guroo saahib ne sikh dharm ke vaastavik gunon, jo ki guroo granth saahib ji mein darj hain, guroo naanak Dave ji dvaara banaaye gaye kisi bhi prakaar ke niyamon mein ferabadal karne vaalon ke liye ek kada kaanoon bana diya.

apne antim samay ko najadeek dekhte hue unhone apne sabse chhote putr guroo harakishn ji ko ÷aashtam‌ naanak' ke roop mein sthaapit kiya. kaartik vadi 9 (paanchaveen kaartik), bikram samvat 1718, (6 October 1661) mein keeratapur saahib mein jyoti jot sama gaye.


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