guru datt

guru datt
Guru Dutt dans Mr and Mrs 55 (1955).jpg
janm 9 July, 1925
mrutyu 10 October, 1964
vyavasaaya abhineta, nirdeshak

guru datt (vaastavik naam: vasant Kumar shivshankar paadukone, janm: 9 July, 1925 Bangalore, nidhan: 10 October, 1964 Mumbai) hindi filmon ke prasiddh abhineta,nirdeshak evam film nirmaata the. unhonne 1950vein aur 1960vein dashak mein kai utkrusht filmein banaain jaise pyaasa,kaagaj ke fool,saahib beebi aur gulaam aur chaudahaveen ka chaaaind. vishesh roop se, pyaasa aur kaagj ke fool ko time patrika ke 100 sarvashreshth filmon ki soochi[1] mein shaamil kiya gaya hai aur site end saaund aalochakon aur nirdeshakon ke sarvekshan[2] dvaara, datt khud bhi sabse bade film nirdeshakon ki soochi mein shaamil hain. unhein kabhi kabhi "Bhaarat ka orsan vels" (Orson Welles) ‍a‍ bhi kaha jaata hai. 2010 mein, unka naam seeenaen ke "sarv shreshth 25 Asiaee abhinetaaon" ke soochi mein bhi shaamil kiya gaya.[3] guru datt 1950vein dashak ke lokapriya cinema ke prasang mein, kaavyaatmak aur kalaatmak filmon ke vyaavasaayik chalan ko viksit karne ke liye prasiddh hain. unki filmon ko Germany, France aur Japan mein ab bhi prakaashit karne par saraaha jaata hai.[4]


anukram

praarambhik jeevan va paarivaarik prushthabhoomi

guru datt ka janm 9 July 1925 ko bangalaur mein shivshankar Rao paadukone va vasanti paadukone ke yahaaain hua tha. unke maata pita konkan ke chitrapur saarasvat braahman the.[5] unke pita shuruaat ke dinon ek vidyaalaya ke hedamaastar the jo baad mein ek bank ke mulaajim ho gaye. maaain ek saadhaaran gruhineen theen jo baad mein ek school mein adhyaapika ban gayeen. guru datt jab paida hue unki maaain ki aayu solah varsh thi. vasanti ghar par private tuition ke alaava laghukathaaeain likhteen theen aur bangaali upanyaason ka kannad bhaasha mein anuvaad bhi karti theen.

guru datt ne apne bachapan ke praarambhik din Calcutta ke bhavaaneepur ilaake mein gujaare jiska unapar baudhik evam saanskrutik prabhaav pada. unka bachapan vitteeya kathinaaiyon aur apne maata pita ke tanaavapoorn rishte se prabhaavit tha. un par bangaali sanskruti ki itni gahari chhaap padi ki unhonne apne bachapan ka naam vasant Kumar shivshankar paadukone se badalkar guru datt rakh liya.

praarambhik prerana

guru datt ki daadi nitya shaam ko diya jalaakar aarti karateen aur chaudah varsheeya guru datt diye ki raushani mein deevaar par apni uaingaliyon ki vibhinn mudraaon se tarah tarah ke chitr banaate rahate. yaheen se unke man mein kala ke prati sanskaar jaagrut hue. haalaanki ve aprashikshit the, guru datt prerit aavartanon ka utpaadan kar paate aur isi tarah unhonne apne use uttaraarddh se ek peinting par aadhaarit hai, ek saaainp nrutya pradarshan fotograaf, unke chaacha, bi bi benegal raaji jab vah tha ke roop mein , vah kar sakta.unki yeh kala paravaan chadhi aur unhein saarasvat braahmanon ke ek saamaajik kaaryakram mein paaainch rupaye ka nakad paaritoshak praapt hua.

jab guru datt 16 varsh ke the unhonne 1941 mein poore paaainch saal ke liye 75 rupaye vaarshik chhaatravrutti par almoda jaakar nrutya, naatak va sangeet ki taaleem leni shuroo. 1944 mein jab dviteeya vishvayuddh ke kaaran udaya shankar indiya kalchar sentar band ho gaya guru datt vaapas apne ghar laut aaye.

yadyapi aarthik kathinaaiyon ke kaaran ve school jaakar adhyayan to na kar sake parantu ravi shankar ke agraj udaya shankar ki sangat mein rahakar kala va sangeet ke kai gun avashya seekh liye. yahi gun aage chalakar kalaatmak filmon ke nirmaan mein unke liye sahaayak siddh hue.

kairiyr

filmi safar

guru datt ne pehle kuchh samay Calcutta jaakar leevar brothers factory mein telephone oparetar ki naukri ki lekin jald hi ve vahaaain se isteefa dekar 1944 mein apne maata pita ke paas Mumbai laut aaye.

unke chaacha ne unhein prabhaat film company poona teen saal ke anubandh ke tahat film mein kaam karne bhej diya. vaheen suprasiddh film nirmaata vee0 shaantaaraam ne kala mandir ke naam se apna studio khol rakkha tha. yaheen rahate hue guru datt ki mulaakaat film abhineta Rahman aur Dave aanand se hui jo aage jaakar unke bahut achhe mitr ban gaye.

unhein poona mein sabse pehle 1944 mein chaaaind naamak film mein shreekrushn ki ek chhoti si bhoomika mili. 1945 mein abhinay ke saath hi film nirdeshak vishraam bedekar ke sahaayak ka kaam bhi dekhte the. 1946 mein unhonne ek anya sahaayak nirdeshak pee0 ela0 santoshi ki film ham ek hain ke liye nrutya nirdeshan ka kaam kiya.

yeh anubandh 1947 mein khatm ho gaya. uske baad unki maaain ne baabooraav pai, jo prabhaat film company va studio ke see0i0o0 the, ke saath ek svatantr sahaayak ke roop mein fir se naukri dilva di. vah naukri bhi chhoot gayi to lagbhag das maheene tak guru datt berojgaari ki haalat mein maatunga Mumbai mein apne parivaar ke saath rahate rahe. isi dauraan, unhonne angreji mein likhne ki kshamata viksit ki aur illustrated weekly of indiya naamak ek sthaaneeya angreji saaptaahik patrika ke liye laghu kathaaeain likhne lage..

dekha jaaye to unke sangharsh ka yahi vah samay tha jab unhonne lagbhag aatmakathaatmak shaili mein pyaasa film ki patakatha likhi. mool roop se yeh patakatha kashmakash ke naam se likhi gayi thi jiska hindi mein arth sangharsh hota hai. baad mein isi patakatha ko unhonne pyaasa ke naam mein badal diya. yeh patakatha unhonne maatunga mein apne ghar par rahate hue likhi thi..

yahi vah samay tha jab guru datt ne do baar shaadi bhi ki; pehli baar vijaya naam ki ek ladki se, jise ve poona se laaye the vah chali gayi to doosari baar apne maata pita ke kehne par apne hi rishte ki ek bhaanaji suvarna se, jo Hyderabad ki rahane waali thi.

koriyograafar se lekar abhineta nirdeshak tak

guru datt ko prabhaat film company ne bataur ek koriyograafar ke roop mein kaam par rakha tha lekin un par jald hi ek abhineta ke roop mein kaam karne ka davaav daala gaya. aur keval yahi naheen, ek sahaayak nirdeshak ke roop mein bhi unase kaam liya gaya. prabhaat mein kaam karte hue unhonne Dave aanand aur Rahman se apne sambandh bana liye jo donon hi aage chalakar achhe sitaaron ke roop mein mashahoor hue. un donon ki dosti ne guru datt ko filmi duniya mein apni jagah banaane mein kaafi madad ki.

prabhaat ke 1947 mein vifal ho jaane ke baad guru datt Mumbai aa gaye. vahaaain unhonne amiya chakravarti va gyaan mukharji naamak apne samay ke do agrani nirdeshakon ke saath kaam kiya. amiya chakravarti ki film girls school mein aur gyaan mukharji ke saath Bombay taukeej ki film sangraam mein. Mumbai mein hi unhein Dave aanand ki pehli film ke liye nirdeshak ke roop mein kaam karne ki peshakash ki gayi. Dave aanand ne unhein apni nai company navaketan mein ek nirdeshak ke roop mein avsar diya tha kintu durbhaagya se yeh film flop ho gayi. is prakaar guru datt dvaara nirdeshit pehli film thi navaketan ke banner tale bani baaji jo 1951 mein pradarshit hui.

pramukh filmein

varsh film charitra tippani
1964 suhaagan vijay Kumar
1963 bharosa bansi
1962 saahib beebi aur gulaam atulya chakravarti urf bhootanaath
1960 chaudahaveen ka chaaaind asalam
1960 kaala baajaar
1959 kaagaj ke fool suresh sinha
1957 pyaasa vijay
1955 mistar end misej 55
1946 ham ek hain

bataur lekhak

varsh film tippani
1952 jaal

bataur nirdeshak

varsh film tippani
1959 kaagaj ke fool
1957 pyaasa
1955 mistar end misej 55
1953 baaj
1952 jaal
1951 baaji

mrutyu

10 October 1964 ki subah ko guru datt pedhar road Bombay mein apne bed room mein mrut paaye gaye. aisa kaha jaata hai ki unhonne pehle khoob sharaab pi uske baad dher saari neend ki goliyaaain kha leen. yahi durghatana unki maut ka kaaran bani. isse poorv bhi unhonne do baar aatmahatya ka prayaas kiya tha. aakhirkaar teesare prayaas ne unki jaan le li.[6]

puraskaar

guru datt ki film pyaasa ko time maigajeen ne vishv ki 100 sarvakaaleen sarvashreshth filmon mein sthaan diya. 2002 mein site aur saaund ke critics aur daayarektars ke pol mein guru datt ki do filmon- pyaasa aur kaagaj ke fool ko sarvakaalik 160 mahaanatam filmon mein chuna gaya.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain