guru arjun Dave

arjun Dave ya guroo arjun Dave sikhon ke ek guroo the. guru arjun Dave ji shaheedon ke sarataaj evam shaantipunjahain. aadhyaatmik jagat mein guru ji ko sarvochch sthaan praapt hai. unhein brahmajnyaaani bhi kaha jaata hai. gurugranth saahib mein tees raagon mein guru ji ki vaani sankalit hai. ganana ki drushti se shri gurugranth saahib mein sarvaadhik vaani pancham guru ki hi hai.

granth saahib ka sanpaadan guru arjun Dave ji ne bhaai guradaas ki sahaayata se 1604mein kiya. granth saahib ki sanpaadan kala adviteeya hai, jismein guru ji ki vidvatta jhalakati hai. unhonne raagon ke aadhaar par granth saahib mein sankalit vaaniyon ka jo vargeekaran kiya hai, usaki misaal madhyakaaleen dhaarmik granthon mein durlabh hai. yeh unki soojhaboojh ka hi pramaan hai ki granth saahib mein 36mahaan vaaneekaaronki vaaniyaan bina kisi bhedabhaav ke sankalit hui.

anukram

jeevan

arjun Dave ji guru raamadaas ke suputr the. unki maata ka naam beevi bhaani ji tha. goindavaalasaahib mein unka janm 15aprail 1563ko hua aur vivaah 1579isavi mein. sikh sanskruti ko guru ji ne ghar-ghar tak pahunchaane ke liye athaah prayat‍aa‌aan kiye. guru darbaar ki sahi nirmaan vyavastha mein unka mahatvapoorn yogadaan raha hai. 1590i. mein taranataaranake sarovar ki pakki vyavastha bhi unke prayaas se hui.

granth saahib ke sanpaadan ko lekar kuchh asaamaajik tatvon ne Akbar baadshah ke paas yeh shikaayat ki ki granth mein islaam ke khilaaf likha gaya hai, lekin baad mein jab Akbar ko vaani ki mahaanata ka pata chala, to unhonne bhaai guradaas evam Baba budhdhaake maadhyam se 51moharein bheint kar khed jnyaaapit kiya. jahaaaingeer ne Lahore jo ki ab Pakistan mein hai, mein 16 June 1606 ko atyant yaatana dekar unki hatya karva di.

svabhaav

guru ji shaant aur gambhir svabhaav ke svaami the. ve apne yug ke sarvamaanya lokanaayak the, jo din-raat sangat seva mein lage rahate the. unke man mein sabhi dharmo ke prati athaah sneh tha. maanav-kalyaan ke liye unhonne aajeevan shubh kaarya kiye.

Akbar ke dehaant ke baad jahaangeer Delhi ka shaasak bana. vah kattar-panthi tha. apne dharm ke alaava, use aur koi dharm pasand naheen tha. guru ji ke dhaarmik aur saamaajik kaarya bhi use sukhad naheen lagte the. kuchh itihaasakaaron ka yeh bhi mat hai ki shahajaada khusaroko sharan dene ke kaaran jahaangeer guru ji se naaraaj tha. 15mai, 1606i. ko baadshah ne guru ji ko parivaar sahit pakadane ka hukm jaari kiya.

tujaake-jahaangeeri ke anusaar unka parivaar muratajaakhaan ke havaale kar gharabaar loot liya gaya. is baad guru ji ne shaheedi praapt ki. anek kasht jhelate hue guru ji shaant rahe, unka man ek baar bhi kashton se naheen ghabaraaya.

tapata tava unke sheetal svabhaav ke saamane sukhadaaiban gaya. tapati ret ne bhi unki nishtha bhang naheen ki. guru ji ne pratyek kasht hansate-hansate jhelakar yahi aradaas ki-

tera keeaa meetha laage. hari naamu padaarath naanak maange.

rachanaaen

guru arjun Dave ji dvaara rachit vaani ne bhi santapt maanavata ko shaanti ka sandesh diya. sukhamani saahib unki amar-vaani hai. karodon praani din chadhate hi sukhamani saahib ka paath kar shaanti praapt karte hain. sukhamani saahib mein chaubees ashtapadi hain. sukhamani saahib raag gaaudi mein rachi gayi rachana hai. yeh rachana sootraatmak shaili ki hai. ismein saadhana, naam-sumirn tatha uske prabhaavon, seva aur tyaag, maanasik dukh-sukh evam mukti ki un avasthaaon ka ullekh kiya gaya hai, jinki praapti kar maanav apaar sukhonki upalabdhi kar sakta hai. sukhamani shabd apne-aap mein arth-bharpoor hai. man ko sukh dene waali vaani ya fir sukhon ki mani ityaadi.

sukhamaneesukh amrut prabhu naamu.

bhagat janaan ke man bisraamu.

rachana

sukhamaneesaahib sukh ka aanand dene waali vaani hai. sukhamaneesaahib maanasik tanaav ki avastha ka shuddheekaran bhi karti hai. prastut rachana ki bhaasha bhaavaanukoolahai. saral brajabhaasha evam shaili se judi hui yeh rachana guru arjun Dave ji ki mahaan pothi hai.

guru arjun Dave ji ki vaani ki mool- samvedna premaabhaktise judi hai. guramati-vichaaradhaaraake prachaar-prasaar mein guru ji ki bhoomika ko bhulaaya naheen ja sakta. guru ji ne punjabi bhaasha saahitya evam sanskruti ko jo anupam den di, usaka shabdon mein varnan naheen kiya ja sakta. is avadaan ka pehla pramaan granth saahib ka sanpaadan hai. is tarah jahaan ek or lagbhag 600varsho ki saanskrutik garima ko pun:srujit kiya gaya, vaheen doosari or naveen jeevan-moolyon ki jo sthaapana hui, usi ke kaaran Punjab mein naveen-yug ka sootrapaat bhi hua.

guru ji ke shaheedi parv par unhein yaad karne ka arth hai, us dharm- nirpeksh vichaaradhaara ko maanyata dena, jiska samarthan guru ji ne aatm-balidaan dekar kiya tha. unhonne sandesh diya tha ki mahaan jeevan moolyon ke liye aatm-balidaan dene ko sadaiv taiyaar rahana chaahiye, tabhi kaum aur raashtra apne gaurav ke saath jeevant rah sakte hain. sikhon ke das guroo hain.


External links

tippani

sandarbh

  1. Tuzuk-i-Jahagiri or Memoirs of Jahagir, Translated by Alexander Rogers. Edited by Henry Beveridge Published by Low Price Publication. lppindia.com. ISBN 978-81-7536-148-5
  2. History of the Panjab, Syad Muhammad Latif, Published by: Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, Punjab, India. ISBN 978-81-7096-245-8


poorvaadhikaari:
guru Ram das
(24 September 1534 - 1 September 1581)
guru arjan Dave uttaraadhikaari:
guru haragobind
(19 June 1595 - 3 March 1644)
sikh dharm ke gyaarah guru

guru naanak Dave · guru angad Dave · guru amar das · guru Ram das · guru arjun Dave · guru haragobind · guru har rai · guru har kishn · guru teg bahaadur · guru gobind Singh (tatpashchaat guru granth saahib, chirsthaayi guru hain.)