guroo naanak Dave

guroo naanak Dave ya naanak Dave sikhon ke pratham guroo the. guru naanak devaji ka prakaash (janm) 15 April 1469 E. (vaishaakh sudi 3, sanvat‌ 1526 vikrami) mein talavandi raayabhoya naamak sthaan par hua. suvidha ki drushti se guru naanak ka prakaash utsav kaartik poornima ko manaaya jaata hai. talavandi ab nanakaana saahib ke naam se jaana jaata hai. talavandi Pakistan ke Lahore jile se 30 meal dakshin-pashchim mein sthit hai.

anukram

jeevan

naanakadevaji ke janm ke samay prasooti gruh alaukik jyot se bhar utha. shishu ke mastak ke aaspaas tej aabha faili hui thi, chehare par adbhut shaanti thi. pita Baba kaaloochandr bedi aur maata tripaata ne baalak ka naam naanak rakha. gaaainv ke purohit pandit haradayaal ne jab baalak ke baare mein suna to unhein samajhne mein der na lagi ki ismein jaroor ishvar ka koi rahasya chhupa hua hai.

jeeti naukhand medani satinaam da chakr chalaaya, bhaya aanand jagat bich kal taaran guroo naanak aaya.

bachapan se hi naanak ke man mein aadhyaatmik bhaavanaaeain maujood theen. pita ne pandit haradayaal ke paas unhein shiksha grahan karne ke liye bheja. panditji ne naanak ko aur gyaan dena praarambh kiya to baalak ne aksharon ka arth poochha. panditji niruttar ho gaye. naanakaji ne k se lekar d tak saari patti kavita rachana mein suna di. panditji aashcharya se bhar uthe.

unhein ehsaas ho gaya ki naanak ko swayam ishvar ne padhaakar sansaar mein bheja hai. iske uparaant naanak ko maulavi kutubuddeen ke paas padhne ke liye bithaaya gaya. naanak ke prashn se maulavi bhi niruttar ho gaye to unhonne alaf, be ki seefaheen ke arth suna diye. maulavi bhi naanakadevaji ki vidvata se prabhaavit hue.

vidyaalaya ki deevaarein naanak ko baaaindhakar na rakh sakeen. guru dvaara diya gaya paath unhein neeras aur vyarth prateet hua. antarmukhi pravrutti aur virkti unke svabhaav ke ang ban gaye. ek baar pita ne unhein bhains charaane ke liye jungle mein bheja. jungle mein bhaison ki fikr chhod ve aaainkh band kar apni masti mein leen ho gaye. bhainsein paas ke khet mein ghus gain aur saara khet char daala. khet ka maalik naanakadev ke paas jaakar shikaayat karne laga.

jab naanak ne naheen suna to jameendaar raayabulaar ke paas pahuaincha. naanak se poochha gaya to unhonne javaab diya ki ghabaraao mat, uske hi jaanavar hain, usaka hi khet hai, usane hi charavaaya hai. usane ek baar fasal ugaai hai to hajaar baar uga sakta hai. mujhe naheen lagta koi nuksaan hua hai. ve log khet par gaye aur vahaaain dekha to dang rah gaye, khet to pehle ki tarah hi lahalaha raha tha.

ek baar jab ve bhains charaate samay dhyaan mein leen ho gaye to khule mein hi let gaye. sooraj tap raha tha jiski roshani seedhe baalak ke chehare par pad rahi thi. tabhi achaanak ek saaainp aaya aur baalak naanak ke chehare par fan failaakar khada ho gaya. jameendaar raayabulaar vahaaain se gujre. unhonne is adbhut drushya ko dekha to aashcharya ka thikaana na raha. unhonne naanak ko man hi man pranaam kiya. is ghatna ki smruti mein us sthal par gurudvaara maalaji saahib ka nirmaan kiya gaya.

us samay andhavishvaas jan-jan mein vyaapt the. aadanbaron ka bolabaala tha aur dhaarmik kattarata teji se badh rahi thi. naanakadev in sabke virodhi the. jab naanak ka janeoo sanskaar hone wala tha to unhonne iska virodh kiya. unhonne kaha ki agar soot ke daalne se mera doosra janm ho jaaega, main naya ho jaaooainga, to theek hai. lekin agar janeoo toot gaya to?

pandit ne kaha ki baajaar se doosra khareed lena. is par naanak bol uthe- 'to fir ise rahane deejiye. jo khud toot jaata hai, jo baajaar mein bikta hai, jo do paise mein mil jaata hai, usase us paramaatma ki khoj kya hogi. mujhe jis janeoo ki aavashyakta hai uske liye daya ki kapaas ho, santosh ka soot ho, sanyam ki gaaainth ho aur us janeoo satya ki pooran ho. yahi jeev ke liye aadhyaatmik janeoo hai. yeh na tootata hai, na ismein mail lagta hai, na hi jalata hai aur na hi khota hai.'

ek baar pita ne socha ki naanak aalasi ho gaya hai to unhonne kheti karne ki salaah di. is par naanakaji ne kaha ki vah sirf sachchi kheti-baadi hi kareinge, jismein man ko halavaaha, shubh karmon ko krushi, shram ko paani tatha shareer ko khet banaakar naam ko beej tatha santosh ko apna bhaagya banaana chaahiye. namrata ko hi rakshak baad banaane par bhaavapoorn kaarya karne se jo beej jamega, usase hi ghar-baar sampann hoga.

das siddhaant

guroonaanak Dave ji ne apne anu‍aayaayiyon ko jeevan ke das siddhaant diye the. yeh siddhaant aaj bhi praasangik hai.

1. ishvar ek hai. 2. sadaiv ek hi ishvar ki upaasana karo. 3. jagat ka karta sab jagah aur sab praani maatr mein maujood hai. 4. sarvashaktimaan ishvar ki bhakti karne vaalon ko kisi ka bhaya naheen rahata. 5. imaandaari se mehnat karke udarapoorti karna chaahiye. 6. bura kaarya karne ke baare mein na sochein aur na kisi ko sataaeain. 7. sada prasann rahana chaahiye. ishvar se sada apne ko kshamaasheelata maaaingana chaahiye. 8. mehnat aur imaandaari se kamaai karke usamein se jarooratamand ko bhi kuchh dena chaahiye. 9. sabhi stri aur purush baraabar hain. 10. bhojan shareer ko jinda rakhane ke liye jaroori hai par lobh-laalach va sangrahavrutti buri hai.

inke jeevan se jude pramukh gurudvaara saahib

1. gurudvaara kandh saahib- bataala (gurudaasapur) guru naanak ka yahaaain beebi sulakshana se 18 varsh ki aayu mein sanvat‌ 1544 ki 24veen jeth ko vivaah hua tha. yahaaain guru naanak ki vivaah varshagaaainth par prativrsh utsav ka aayojan hota hai.

2. gurudvaara haat saahib- sultaanapur lodhi (kapoorathala) gurunaanak ne bahanoi jairaam ke maadhyam se sultaanapur ke navaab ke yahaaain shaahi bhandaar ke dekharekh ki naukri praarambh ki. ve yahaaain par Modi bana diye gaye. navaab yuva naanak se kaafi prabhaavit the. yaheen se naanak ko 'tera' shabd ke maadhyam se apni manjil ka aabhaas hua tha.

3. gurudvaara guru ka baag- sultaanapur lodhi (kapoorathala) yeh guru naanakadevaji ka ghar tha, jahaaain unke do beton Baba shreechand aur Baba lakshmeedaas ka janm hua tha.

4. gurudvaara kothi saahib- sultaanapur lodhi (kapoorathala) navaab daulatakhaan lodhi ne hisaab-kitaab mein gdbadi ki aashanka mein naanakadevaji ko jail bhijva diya. lekin jab navaab ko apni galati ka pata chala to unhonne naanakadevaji ko chhod kar maafi hi naheen maaaingi, balki pradhaanamantri banaane ka prastaav bhi rakha, lekin guru naanak ne is prastaav ko thukara diya.

5.gurudvaara ber saahib- sultaanapur lodhi (kapoorathala) jab ek baar guru naanak apne sakha mardaana ke saath vain nadi ke kinaare baithe the to achaanak unhonne nadi mein dubaki laga di aur teen dinon tak laapata ho gaye, jahaaain par ki unhonne ishvar se saakshaatkaar kiya. sabhi log unhein dooba hua samajh rahe the, lekin ve vaapas laute to unhonne kaha- ek omkaar satinaam. guru naanak ne vahaaain ek ber ka beej boya, jo aaj bahut bada vruksh ban chuka hai.

6. gurudvaara achal saahib- gurudaasapur apni yaatraaon ke dauraan naanakadev yahaaain ruke aur naathapanthi yogiyon ke pramukh yogi bhaangar naath ke saath unka dhaarmik vaad-vivaad yahaaain par hua. yogi sabhi prakaar se paraast hone par jaadui pradarshan karne lage. naanakadevaji ne unhein ishvar tak prem ke maadhyam se hi pahuaincha ja sakta hai, aisa bataaya.

7. gurudvaara dera Baba naanak- gurudaasapur jeevanabhar dhaarmik yaatraaon ke maadhyam se bahut se logon ko sikh dharm ka anuyaayi banaane ke baad naanakadevaji raavi nadi ke tat par sthit apne firm par apna dera jamaaya aur 70 varsh ki saadhana ke pashchaat san‌ 1539 E. mein param jyoti mein vileen hue.

jeevan ki ghatnaaen

bhaadon ki amaavas ki dhup aaindheri raat mein baadalon ki daraavani gadgadaahat, bijli ki kaundh aur varsha ke jhonke ke beech jabki poora gaaainv neend mein nimgn tha, us samay ek hi vyakti jaag raha tha,'naanak'. naanak der raat tak jaagate rahe aur gaate rahe. aadhi raat ke baad maaain ne dastak di aur kaha- 'bete, ab so bhi jaao. raat kitni beet gayi hai.'

naanak ruke, lekin usi vakt papeehe ne shor machaana shuroo kar diya. naanak ne maaain se kaha- 'maaain abhi to papeeha bhi chup naheen hua. yeh ab tak apne pyaare ko pukaar raha hai. main kaise chup ho jaaooain jab tak yeh gaata rahega, tab tak main bhi apne priya ko pukaarata rahooainga.

naanak ne fir gaana praarambh kar diya. dheere-dheere unka man pun: priytam mein leen ho gaya. kaun hai ye naanak, kya keval sikh dharm ke sansthaapak. naheen, maanav dharm ke utthaapak. kya ve keval sikhon ke aadi guru the? naheen, ve maanav maatr ke guru the. paaainch sau varshon poorv diye unke paavan upadeshon ka prakaash aaj bhi maanavata ko aalokit kar raha hai.

sikhon ke das guroo hain.

baahari kadiyaaain