guroo ghaaseedaas

guroo ghaaseedaas (1756 – antardhyaan agyaat) gram giraudapuri tahasil balaudaabaajaar jila Raipur mein pita mahangudaas ji evam maata amarautin ke yahaaain avatarit huye the gurooji Satnam panth Satnam dharm jise aam bol chaal mein satanaami panth ke pravartak kaha jaata hai, gurooji bhandaarapuri ko apna dhaarmik sthal ke rup mein sant samaaj ko pramaanit satya ke shakti ke saath diye vahaaain gurooji ke poorvaj aaj bhi nivaasarat hai. unhonne apne samay ki saamaajik aarthik vishmata, shoshan tatha jaatibhed ko samaapt karke maanav-maanav ek samaan ka sandesh diye.

anukram

jeevani

san 1672 mein vartamaan Haryana ke naaranaul naamak sthaan par saadh beerabhaan aur jogeedaas naamak do bhaaiyon ne satanaami saadh mat ka prachaar kiya tha. satanaami saadh mat ke anuyaayi kisi bhi manushya ke saamane naheen jhukane ke siddhaant ko maanate the. ve sammaan karte the lekin kisi ke saamane jhuk kar naheen. ek baar ek kisaan ne tatkaaleen mugal baadshah aurangajeb ke kaarinde ko jhuk kar salaam naheen kiya to usane isko apna apamaan maanate hue us par laathi se prahaar kiya jiske pratyuttar mein us satanaami saadh ne bhi us kaarinde ko laathi se peet diya. yeh vivaad yaheen khatm na hokar tool pakadate gaya aur dheere dheere mugal baadshah aurangajeb tak pahuainch gaya ki satanaamiyon ne bagaavat kar di hai. yaheen se aurangajev aur satanaamiyon ka aitihaasik yuddh hua tha. jiska netrutv satanaami saadh beerabhaan aur saadh jogeedaas ne kiya tha. yooddh kai dinon tak chala jismein shaahi fauj maar nihatthe satanaami samooh se maat khaati chali ja rahi thi. shaahi fauj mein ye baat bhi fail gayi ki satanaami samooh koi jaadoo tona karke shaahi fauj ko hara rahe hain. iske liye aurangajeb ne apne faujiyon ko Quraan ki aayatein likhe taaveej bhi bandhavaae the lekin iske baavajood koi farak naheen pada tha. lekin unhein ye pata naheen tha ki satanaami saadhon ke paas aadhyaatmik shakti ke kaaran yeh sthiti thi. choonki satanaami saadhon ka tap ka samay poora ho gaya tha aur ve guroo ke samaksh apna samarpan kar veeragati ko praapt hue. jin logon ka tap poora naheen hua tha ve apni jaan bacha kar alag alag dishaaon mein bhaag nikle the. jinmein ghaaseedaas ka bhi ek parivaar raha jo ki mahaanadi ke kinaare kinaare vartamaan chhatteesagadh tak ja pahucha tha. jahaaain par sant ghaaseedaas ji ka janm hua auऱ vahaaain par unhonne Satnam panth ka prachaar tatha prasaar kiya. guroo ghaaseedaas ka janm 1756 mein Raipur jile ke giraudapuri mein ek gareeb aur saadhaaran parivaar mein hua tha. ye baat bilkul galat hai ki ve kisi dalit parivaar mein paida hue the. choonki unhonne hindu dharm ki kureetiyon par kuthaaraaghaat kiya tha, isaliye hinduon aur braamhano ke ek varg ne prachaarit kiya ki ye to dalit hai. kyon ki braamhanon aur mandir ke pujaariyon dvaara hinduon ke dhaarmik shoshan ka virodh karne ke kaaran unhein samaaj se door karne ka yahi maarg un logon ko soojha tha. jiska asar aaj tak dikhaai pad raha hai. unki jayanti har saal poore Chhattisgarh mein 18 December ko manaaya jaata hai.

guroo ghaaseedaas jaatiyon mein bhedabhaav va samaaj mein bhaaichaare ke abhaav ko dekhkar bahut dukhi the. ve lagaataar prayaas karte rahe ki samaaj ko isse mukti dilaai jaae. lekin unhein iska koi hal dikhaai naheen deta tha. ve satya ki talaash ke liye giraudapuri ke jungle mein chhaata pahaad par samaadhi lagaaye is beech gurooghaaseedaas ji ne giraudapuri mein apna aashram banaaya tatha sonaakhaan ke jangalon mein satya aur gyaan ki khoj ke liye lambi tapasya bhi ki.

guroo ghaaseedaas ki shiksha

guroo ghaaseedaas baabaaji ne samaaj mein vyaapt jaatigt vishmataaon ko nakaara. unhonne braamhanon ke prabhutv ko nakaara aur kai varnon mein baantane waali jaati vyavastha ka virodh kiya. unka maanana tha ki samaaj mein pratyek vyakti saamaajik roop se samaan haisiyat rakhata hai. guroo ghaaseedaas ne moortiyon ki pooja ko varjit kiya. ve maanate the ki uchch varn ke logon aur moorti pooja mein gahra sambandh hai.

guroo ghaaseedaas pashuon se bhi prem karne ki seekh dete the. ve un par kroorata poorvak vyavahaar karne ke khilaaf the. Satnam panth ke anusaar kheti ke liye gaayon ka istemaal naheen kiya jaana chaahiye. guroo ghaaseedaas ke sandeshon ka samaaj ke pichhde samudaaya mein gahra asar pada. san 1901 ki janaganana ke anusaar us vakt lagbhag 4 lakh log Satnam panth se jud chuke the aur guroo ghaaseedaas ke anuyaayi the. Chhattisgarh ke pratham svatantrata sangraam senaani veer Narayan Singh par bhi guroo ghaaseedaas ke sidhdaanton ka gahra prabhaav tha. guroo ghaaseedaas ke sandeshon aur unki jeevani ka prasaar panthi geet va nrutyon ke jariye bhi vyaapak roop se hua. yeh Chhattisgarh ki prakhyaat lok vidha bhi maani jaati hai.

saat shikshaaeain

satguroo ghaaseedaas ji ki saat shikshaaeain hain-

(1) satanaam par vishvaas rakhana.

(2) jeev hatya nahi karna.

(3) maansaahaar nahi karna.

(4) chori, juaa se dur rahana.

(5) nasha sevan nahi karna.

(6) jaati-paati ke prapanch mein nahi padna.

(7) byabhichaar nahi karna.


  1. satya evam ahinsa
  2. dhairya
  3. lagan
  4. karoona
  5. karm
  6. saralata
  7. vyavahaar

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain