gurjar

afgaanistaan mein bachche, baae taraf se pehla bachcha gurjar hai
gurjar uttar Bhaarat, Pakistan aur afgaanistaan mein base hain. is jaati ka naam afgaanistaan ke raashtragaan mein bhi aata hai. gurjaron ke aitihaasik prabhaav ke kaaran uttar Bhaarat aur Pakistan ke bahut se sthaan gurjar jaati ke naam par rakhe gaye hain, jaise ki Bhaarat ka Gujarat raajya, Pakistani Punjab ka Gujarat jila aur gujaraaainvaala jila aur Rawalpindi jile ka goojar Khan shahar

== utpatti = jaya gurjar

sanskrut ke vidvaanon ke anusaar, gurjar shuddh sanskrut shabd hai, jiska arth 'shatru ka naash karne wala' arthaat 'shatru vinaashak' hota hai.[1][2] praacheen mahaakavi raajashekhar ne gurjar naresh mahipaal ko apne mahaakaavya me dahaadta gurjar kah kar sambodhit kiya hai.[3]

kuchh itihaasakar kushaanon ko gurjar bataate hai tatha kanishk ke rabaatak shilaalekh par ankit 'gusur' ko gurjar ka hi ek roop bataate hai. unka maanana hai ki gushur ya gurjar log vijeta ke roop me Bhaarat me aaye kyonki gushur ka arth 'uchch kuleen' hota hai.[4].

gurjar saamraajya

itihaas ke anusaar 5vi shadi me bheenamaal gurjar samraajya ki rajdhani thi tatha iski sthaapana gurjaro ne ki thi. bharuch ka samraajya bhi gurjaro ke adheen tha. cheeni yaatri hvensaang apne lekho me gurjar samraajya ka ullekh karta hai tatha ise 'kiu-che-lo' bolata hai.[5] chhathi se 12 veen sadi mein gurjar kai jagah satta mein the. gurjar-pratihaar vansh ki satta kannauj se lekar Bihar, uttar pradesh, Maharashtra aur Gujarat tak faili thi. mihirbhoj ko gurjar-pratihaar vansh ka bada shaasak maana jaata hai aur inki ladaai Bengal ke paal vansh aur dakshin-Bhaarat ke raashtrakoot shaasakon se hoti rahati thi. 12veen sadi ke baad pratihaar vansh ka patan hona shuroo hua aur ye kai hisson mein baint gaye jaise rajput vansh (chauhaan,solaanki,chadeela aur paramaar)|arab aakraanto ne gurjaro ki shakti tatha prasaashan ki apne abhilekho me bhoori-bhoori prashansa ki hai.[6] itihaasakaar bataate hai ki mugal kaal se pehle tak lagbhag pura Rajasthan tatha Gujarat, gurjaratra (gurjaro se rakshit desh) ya gurjar-bhumi ke naam se jaana jaata tha.[7]arab lekhakon ke anusaar gurjar unke sabse bhayankar shatru the tatha unhonne ye bhi kaha hai ki agar gurjar naheen hote to vo Bhaarat par 12veen sadi se pehle hi adhikaar kar lete.[6] 18vi sadi mein bhi gurjaro ke kuchh chhote chhote raajya the. daadari ke gurjar raaja, daragaahi sinh ke adheen 133 gram the.Meerut ka raaja gurjar nain Singh tha tatha usane parikshit gadh ka punranirmaan karavaaya tha. Bhaarat gajeeteyar ke anusaar 1857 ki kraanti me, gurjar tatha british ke bahut bure dushman saabit hue. gurjaro ka 1857 ki kraanti me bhi aham yogadaan raha hai. kotavaal dhaanasinh gurjar 1857 ki kraanti ka shaheed tha..[8]is veer gurjar jaati me anekon mahaapurushon ne janm liya, jaise gaayatri maata, jo brahma ji ki ardhaangni rahi, nand Baba, jo Bhagwan Krishna ke paalak-poshak rahe, raadha jaisi gurjari jo Bhagwan Krishna ki sangini rahi, savaai bhoj jaise veer paida hue, jinhonne apne vachanon ke liye raani jayanti ko apna sheesh kaat ke de diya, saadoo maata gurjari jaisi gurjari paida hui, Bhagwan Dave Narayan ne kamal pushp mein avataar liya aur saadoo maata ki jholi mein aakar khele, panna dhaaya jaisi veeraangana paida hui, jisne apne bete chandan ka balidaan dekar udaya Singh ke praan bachaae,[[bishaaladev gurjar baisala] (Ajmer shahar ke sansthaapak) jaise vafaadaar dost hue jinhone Delhi ka shaasan tanvar raajaao ko dilaane me poori ji- jaan laga deeye ,vijay Singh pathik jaise kraantikaari neta hue, jo raaja-mahaaraaja kisaano ko loota karte the, unke khilaaf aaaindolan chalaakar unhonne kisaano ko majaboot kiya,moteeraam baisala jaise paraakrami hue jinhone mugalo auऱ jaato ko Agra me hi rok diya | dhan Singh ji kotavaal hue, jinhonne sabse pehle Meerut mein angrejon se ladne ka vigul bajaaya, sardaar vallabh bhaai Patel jaisa mahaapurush paida hua, jinhonne poore desh ke raaja-mahaaraajo ki viraasat ko ek karke navabhaarat ka nirmaan kiya. is desh ki raksha ke liye is veer gurjar jaati ne laakho bachcho ki kurbaaniyaaain di thi, angrejon ki naak mein nakel kasane vaale gurjaron ko angrejon ne kriminl traaib (yaani badmaash samudaaya) kah kar pukaara tha. isliye us vakt angrejon ki sarkaar ne gurjaron ko baagi ghoshit kar diya tha, isi vajah se gurjar jangalon aur pahaadon mein rahane lage aur isi vajah gurjar padhaai-likhaai se vanchit rah gaye. 21 vi shataabdi me Colonel kirodi Singh bainsala ne gurjar jaati ko antaraarshtreeya star par pehchaan dilaai hai aur aajkal gurjar samaaj ke log padhaai - likhaai par bhi dhyaan dene lage hai jisse saamaajik star bhi sudhara hai [5].

gurjar mugal yug me

17 veen sadi ki shuruaat mein, vaastav mein gujjaron ki shuruaat mugal kaal mein mugal samraat aurangajeb ki giraavat thi. us bindu par samay ke gujjaron ki ek vruddhi hui shakti thi. ant mein aurangajeb vibhinn principalities mein gujjar netaaon ka aadhiptya sveekaar kiye jaate hain.

mukhya gujjar ki shakti mugal yug ka ullekh kar rahe hain neeche -

  • bharatapur jila ke gurjar
  • palaval aur Agra ke baisala (raaja moteeraam baisala)
  • daadari ke bhaati (Rao umaraav bhaati)
  • Partikisatgarh me naagar (raaja nain Singh)
  • landhor ke panvaar (koombadd)
  • gurjaragadh ke joodevaGujjgar
  • samather ke gaaji Khan

barola ke baisoya ( sookhaveer baisoya ) gurjar aur jaat soorajamal jaat ke samay mein ek saath khada tha. unki hatya ke baad, apne chauthe bete ranajeet Singh aur gurjar pramukh moteeraam baisala sunadaroli,Agra ki sandhi ki ek sandhi par hastaakshar kiye. ke roop mein soorajamal apne bete par aage le gaya tha moteeraam baisala bharatapur ki sena pramukh bane. 1803 CE, ek jiddi ladaai, baad mein gujjaron aur jaaton paraajit rahe the aur is prakaar, bharatapur jile ke tahat british shaasakon ke ek chhote ilaake ke roop mein bane rahe.

dave ke saath saath bhaati goojar aur kaala gujjar ke ek mahaan shareer ke dakshin Delhi kasana par unke sir timaahi ke saath yamuna nadi ke donon kinaaron par base. bhaati gurjar 360 aur baisalo ne 280 gaanvon par kabja kar liya. goojar ki shakti ke baare mein Delhi daur CE sherashaah 1540 mein mahasoos kiya hai aur ve unke khilaaf kaaryavaahi jordaar laga. Akbar yeh kshetr basa ye upadravi goojar ki anumati di. mrutyu ke baad aurangajeb dakshin ki maraatha fauj uttar lut aur goojar fir baahon par le liya. ek aur bhaati gurjar pramukh arthaat Rao Amra aniyantrit pramukh Bhurta kabeele ka takhta palat diya aur khud daadari mein raaja ke roop mein sthaapit kiya tha. jab british kshetr par kabja kar liya uske uttaraadhikaari raaja roshan Singh ka hukm tha.

gaaji Khan balooch 1710 CE ke baare mein ke paas apne naam ke baad ek shahar dera gaaji Khan ki sthaapana ki. gaaji Khan balooch vyavasthaapak ke roop mein niyukt kiya gaya tha aur unhonne khud ko ek mahaan prashaasak ke roop mein saabit kar diya. Mehmood khataana usaki gurjar sainya jaayadaad ke saath sindhu nadi ko paar kar gaya aur poore kshetr jile ke Mujjafargarh aur faisalaabaad usaki kul niyantran ke tahat hongein laaya. vah dera gaaji Khan par ek kile ka nirmaan kiya. british gurjar ghar gvaaliyr aur iske bhind, Murena aur dhaulapur aur uttar pradesh ke Agra jile ke ek hisse ke jilon ke liye ekeekrut kshetr ke kuchh bhaagon ko kabje mein liya. har gurjar gurjar ghar mein apne hi kshetr rakhati hai. Maharashtra mein gujjaron ke poorvajon destroted aur hai ki kyon ve dakshin mein maaigret kiya gaya tha. vaastav mein gujjaron ki ek up-jaati Samshergarh ke shaasakon the. ve khataana up-jaati ke the.

lekin durbhaagya se, in raajyon ke adhikaansh aur shaktiyon ke gujjaron ke british shaasakon ke dvaara samaapt ho rahe the.[9].

aadhunik sthiti

praacheen kaal mein yuddh kala mein nipun rahe gurjar mukhya roop se kheti aur pashupaalan ke vyavasaaya se jude hue hain. gurjar achhe yoddha maane jaate the aur iseeliye bhaarateeya sena mein abhi bhi inki achhi khaasi sankhya hai.Bhaarat me gurjar ki lagbhag 20 karod ki janasankhya hai, gurjar Maharashtra (jalagaaainv jila), Delhi, Rajasthan, Haryana, madhya pradesh, uttar pradesh, Himachal pradesh, Jammu Kashmir jaise raajyon mein faile hue hain. Rajasthan mein saare gurjar hindu hain. saamaanyat: gurjar hindu, sikh, muslim aadi sabhi dharmo me dekhe ja sakte hain. muslim tatha sikh gurjar, hindu gurjaro se hi parivrtit hue the. Pakistan mein gujaraavaalaan, faisalaabaad aur Lahore ke aaspaas inki achhi khaasi sankhya hai.

strot

  1. Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir, Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya, Page 4, ... 'Gurjar' is a sanskrit word which has been explained thus: Gur+Ujjar; 'Gur' means 'enemy' and 'ujjar' means 'destroyer'. The word means 'Destroyer of the enemy' ...
  2. Census of India, Volume 20, Part 6, Issue 27, India. Office of the Registrar General, Manager of Publications, Page 7, 1961, ... These people used to enjoy a title of 'Gorjan' (Leader of masses).In sanskrit the word Gurjar was used and now-a-days Gujjar is used in place of Gurjar which predicts the qualities of a warrior community ...
  3. Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Volume 9, Part 1, Bombay (India : State), Govt. Central Press, Page 481, 1901, ... With the 'roaring Gujar' an ephithet in the Kupadvanj Rashtrakutta grant of AD 910 ...
  4. Bharatiya Samantvaad, Ramsharan Sharma, Rajkamal prakaashan
  5. a aa Juzr or Jurz, Persian Texts in Translation, The Packard Humanities Institute, Accessed 2007-05-31
  6. a aa India: a history, John Keay, Grove Press, Page 95, 2001, ISBN 978-0-8021-3797-5
  7. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar; Achut Dattatrya Pusalker, A. K. Majumdar, Dilip Kumar Ghose, Vishvanath Govind Dighe, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (1977). The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. pa॰ 153.
  8. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar; Achut Dattatrya Pusalker, A. K. Majumdar, Dilip Kumar Ghose, Vishvanath Govind Dighe, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (1977). The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. pa॰ 153.
  9. http://m.indianetzone.com/artical.aspx?iwebpageid=22013