gulajaareelaal nanda

gulajaareelaal nanda
गुलजारीलाल नन्दा
janmatithi: 4 July, 1898
nidhan: 15 January, 1998
Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri
janmasthaan: siyaalakot, Punjab,
Pakistan
pradhaanamantri kram: dusare pradhaanamantri
padabhaar grahan: 27 May 1964
sevaamukt: 9 June 1964
poorvavarti: Jawahar laal Nehru
uttaraadhikaari: laal bahaadoor shaastri
dviteeya kaaryakaal:
padabhaar grahan: 11 January 1966
sevaamukt: 24 January 1966
poorvavarti: laal bahaadoor shaastri
uttaraadhikaari: indira gaandhi

gulajaareelaal nanda (4 July, 1898 - 15 January, 1998) bhaarateeya raajaneetijnya the. unka janm siyaalakot, Punjab, Pakistan mein hua tha. ve 1964 mein pratham bhaarateeya pradhaanamantri Jawahar laal Nehru ki mrutyupashchaat Bhaarat ke pradhaanamantri bane. Congress party ke prati samarpit gulajaari laal nanda pratham baar pandit javaaharalaal Nehru ki mrutyu ke baad 1964 mein kaaryavaahak pradhaanamantri banaae gaye. doosari baar laal bahaadur shaastri ki mrutyu ke baad 1966 mein yeh kaaryavaahak pradhaanamantri bane. inka kaaryakaal donon baar usi samay tak seemit raha jab tak ki Congress party ne apne nae neta ka chayan naheen kar liya.

anukram

janm evam parivaar

nandaaji ke roop mein vikhyaat gulajaari laal nanda ka janm 4 July 1898 ko siyaalakot mein hua tha, jo ab pashchimi Pakistan ka hissa hai. inke pita ka naam bulaaki Ram nanda tatha maata ka naam shreemati ishvar devi nanda tha. nanda ki praathamik shiksha siyaalakot mein hi sampann hui. iske baad unhonne Lahore ke 'foramain krishchiyn college' tatha Allahabad vishvavidyaalaya mein adhyayan kiya. gulajaari laal nanda ne kala sankaaya mein snaatakottar evam kaanoon ki snaatak upaadhi praapt ki. inka vivaah 1916 mein 18 varsh ki umr mein hi lakshmi devi ke saath sampann ho gaya tha. inke parivaar mein do putr aur ek putri sammilit hue.

vyaktigat jeevan

gulajaari laal nanda ek raashtrabhakt vyakti the. is kaaran Bhaarat ke svaadheenata sangraam mein inka kaafi yogadaan raha. nandaaji ka jeevan aarambh se hi raashtra ke prati samarpit tha. 1921 mein unhonne asahayog aandolan mein bhaag liya. nandaaji bahumukhi pratibha ke dhani the. unhonne mumbai ke national college mein arthashaastr ke vyaakhyaata ke roop mein apni sevaaeain pradaan keen. Ahmedabad ki teksataails industry mein yeh lebar association ke sachiv bhi rahe aur 1922 se 1946 tak ka lamba samay inhonne is pad par gujaara. yeh shramikon ki samasyaaon ko lekar sadaiv jaagruk rahe aur unka nidaan karne ka prayaas karte rahe. 1932 mein satyaagrah aandolan ke dauraan aur 1942-1944 mein Bhaarat chhodo aandolan ke samay inhein jail bhi jaana pada.

raajaneetik jeevan

nandaaji mumbai ki vidhaanasabha mein 1937 se 1939 tak aur 1947 se 1950 tak vidhaayak rahe. is dauraan unhonne shram evam aavaas mantraalaya ka kaaryabhaar mumbai sarkaar mein rahate hue dekha. 1947 mein 'Indian national trade union Congress' ki sthaapana hui aur iska shreya nandaaji ko jaata hai. mumbai sarkaar mein rahane ke dauraan gulajaari laal nanda ki pratibha ko rekhaankit karne ke baad inhein Congress aalaakmaan ne Delhi bula liya. yeh 1950-1951, 1952-1953 aur 1960-1963 mein Bhaarat ke yojana aayog ke upaadhyaksh pad par rahe. aise mein Bhaarat ki panchavarsheeya yojanaaon mein inka kaafi sahayog pandit javaaharalaal Nehru ko praapt hua. is dauraan unhonne nimnavat prakaar se kendreeya sarkaar ko sahayog pradaan kiya-

gulajaari laal nanda kendreeya mantrimndal mein cabinet mantri rahe aur svatantr mantraalayon ka kaaryabhaar sambhaala. nandaaji ne yojana mantraalaya ka kaaryabhaar sitmbar 1951 se May 1952 tak nishthaapoorvak sambhaala. nandaaji ne yojana aayog evam nadi ghaati pariyojanaaon ka kaarya May 1952 se June 1955 tak dekha. nandaaji ne yojana, sinchaai evam oorja ke mantraalayik kaaryon ko April 1957 se 1967 tak dekha. nandaaji ne shram evam rojgaar mantraalaya ka kaarya March 1963 se January 1964 tak safalataapoorvak dekha.

kaaryavaahak pradhaanamantri pad par

nandaaji ne mantrimndal mein varishthatam sahayogi hone ke kaaran do baar kaaryavaahak pradhaanamantri ka daayitv sambhaala. inka pratham kaaryakaal 27 May 1964 se 9 June 1964 tak raha, jab pandil Jawahar laal Nehru ka nidhan hua tha. doosra kaaryakaal 11 January 1966 se 24 January 1966 tak raha, jab laal bahaadur shaastri ka taashakand mein dehaant hua. nandaaji pratham paaainch aam chunaavon mein Loksabha ke sadasya nirvaachit hue.

lekhan kaarya

nandaaji ne ek lekhak ki bhoomika ada karte hue kai pustakon ki rachana ki. jinke naam is prakaar hain- sam aaspekts of khaadi, aproch too the second faaiv iyar plaan, guru tegabahaadur, sant end seviyr, history of edajastameint in the Ahmedabad teksataals, for A maural rivolyushan tatha sam besik kanseedreshan.

puraskaar

gulajaareelaal nanda ko desh ka sarvochch sammaan Bhaarat ratn (1997) aur doosra sarvashreshth naagrik sammaan padm vibhooshan pradaan kiya gaya.

nidhan

nanda deerghaayu hue aur 100 varsh ki avastha mein inka nidhan 15 January 1998 ko hua. inhein ek svachh chhavi vaale Gandhivadi raajaneta ke roop mein sadaiv yaad rakha jaaega.

yeh bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain