gudi padva

is sandook ko: dekhein samvaad

hindu dharm
par ek shreni ka bhaag

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praveshadvaar: hindu dharm

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hindu maapan pranaali

chaitr maas ki shukl pratipda ko gudi padva ya varsh pratipda ya ugaadi (yugaadi) kaha jaata hai. is din hindu navavarsh ka aarambh hota hai. 'gudi' ka arth 'vijay pataaka' hota hai. kehte hain shaalivaahan naamak ek kumhaar-putr ne mitti ke sainikon ki sena se prabhaavi shatruon ka paraabhav kiya. is vijay ke prateek roop mein shaalivaahan shak ka praarambh isi din se hota hai. 'yug' aur 'aadi' shabdon ki sandhi se bana hai 'yugaadi'. Andhra pradesh aur Karnataka mein 'ugaadi' aur Maharashtra mein yeh parv 'gudi padva' ke roop mein manaaya jaata hai.

anukram

parichay

kaha jaata hai ki isi din brahmaaji ne srushti ka nirmaan kiya tha. ismein mukhyataya brahmaaji aur unke dvaara nirmit srushti ke pramukh devi-devataaon, yaksh-raakshas, gandhavaarein, rishi-muniyon, nadiyon, parvaton, pashu-pakshiyon aur keet-patangon ka hi naheen, rogon aur unke upachaaron tak ka bhi poojan kiya jaata hai. isi din se naya sanvatsar shunroo hota hai. at is tithi ko 'navasanvatsar' bhi kehte hain. chaitr hi ek aisa maheena hai, jismein vruksh tatha lataaen pallavit va pushpit hoti hain. shukl pratipda ka din chandrama ki kala ka pratham diwas maana jaata hai. jeevan ka mukhya aadhaar vanaspatiyon ko somaras chandrama hi pradaan karta hai. ise aushadhiyon aur vanaspatiyon ka raaja kaha gaya hai. iseeliye is din ko varshaaranbh maana jaata hai.

Andhra pradesh, Karnataka aur Maharashtra mein saare gharon ko aam ke ped ki pittayon ke bandanavaar se sajaaya jaata hai. sukhad jeevan ki abhilaasha ke saath-saath yeh bandanavaar samruddhi, va achhi fasal ke bhi parichaayak hain. 'ugaadi' ke din hi panchaang taiyaar hota hai. mahaan ganitjnya bhaaskaraachaarya ne isi din se sooryodaya se sooryaast tak din, maheena aur varsh ki ganana karte hue 'panchaang ' ki rachana ki. chaitr maas ki shukl pratipda ko Maharashtra mein gudeepadva kaha jaata hai. varsh ke saadhe teen muhootaarein mein gudeepadva ki ginti hoti hai. shaalivaahan shak ka praarambh isi din se hota hai.

kaha jaata hai ki shaalivaahan naamak ek kumhaar ke ladke ne mitti ke sainikon ki sena banaai aur us par paani chhidkakar unamein praan fooaink diye aur is sena ki madad se shiktashaali shatruon ko paraajit kiya. is vijay ke prateek ke roop mein shaalivaahan shak ka praarambh hua. kai logon ki maanyata hai ki isi din Bhagwan Ram ne baali ke atyaachaari shaasan se dakshin ki praja ko mukti dilaai. baali ke traas se mukt hui praja ne ghar-ghar mein utsav manaakar dhvaj (gudiyaan) faharaae. aaj bhi ghar ke aangan mein gudi khadi karne ki pratha Maharashtra mein prachalit hai. iseeliye is din ko gudeepadava naam diya gaya.

is avsar par Andhra pradesh mein gharon mein 'pachchadi/prasaadam' teerth ke roop mein baanta jaata hai. kaha jaata hai ki iska niraahaar sevan karne se maanav nirogi bana rahata hai. charm rog bhi door hota hai. is peya mein mili vastuen svaadisht hone ke saath-saath aarogyaprad hoti hain. Maharashtra mein pooran poli ya meethi roti banaai jaati hai. ismein jo cheejein milaai jaati hain ve hain--gud, namak, neem ke fool, imali aur kachcha aam. gud mithaas ke liye, neem ke fool kadvaahat mitaane ke liye aur imali va aam jeevan ke khatte-meethe svaad chakhane ka prateek hoti hain. yooain to aajkal aam baajaar mein mausam se pehle hi aa jaata hai, kintu Andhra pradesh, Karnataka aur Maharashtra mein isi din se khaaya jaata hai. nau din tak manaaya jaane wala yeh tyauhaar durgaapooja ke saath-saath, raamanavami ko Ram aur seeta ke vivaah ke saath sampann hota hai.

itihaas mein varsh pratipda

  1. brahma dvaara srushti ka srujan
  2. maryaada purooshot‍aatam shreeraam ka raaj‍aayaabhishek
  3. maaain durga ki upaasana ki navaraatr vrat ka praaram‍aabh
  4. yugaab‍aad (yudhish‍aathir sanvat) ka aaram‍aabh
  5. uj‍aajayini samraat- vikraamaadit‍aaya dvaara vikrami sanvat praaram‍aabh
  6. shaalivaahan shak sanvat (Bhaarat sarkaar ka raash‍aatreeya panchaang)
  7. maharshi dayaanand dvaara aarya samaaj ki s‍aathaapana
  8. raashtreeya swayamsevak sangh ke sans‍aathaapak keshav baliraam hedagevaar ka jan‍aamadin

nav varsh ka praarambh pratipda se hi kyon?

bhaarateeya navavarsh ka praarambh chaitr shukl pratipda se hi maana jaata hai aur isi din se grahon, vaaron, maason aur sanvatsaron ka praarambh ganiteeya aur khagol shaastreeya sanganana ke anusaar maana jaata hai. aaj bhi janamaanas se judi hui yahi shaastrasammat kaalaganana vyaavahaarikta ki kasauti par khari utari hai. ise raashtreeya gauravashaali parampara ka prateek maana jaata hai. vikrami samvat kisi sankuchit vichaaradhaara ya panthaashrit naheen hai. ham isko panth nirpeksh roop mein dekhte hain. yeh sanvatsar kisi devi, devata ya mahaan purush ke janm par aadhaarit naheen, isvi ya hijri san ki tarah kisi jaati athva sanpradaaya vishesh ka naheen hai. hamaari gauravashaali parampara vishuddh artho mein prakruti ke khagolashaastreeya siddhaaton par aadhaarit hai aur bhaarateeya kaalaganana ka aadhaar poornataya panth nirpeksh hai. pratipda ka yeh shubh din Bhaarat raashtra ki gauravashaali parampara ka prateek hai. brahm puraan ke anusaar chaitramaas ke pratham din hi brahma ne srushti sanrachana praarambh ki. yeh bhaarateeyon ki maanyata hai, iseeliye ham chaitr shukl pratipda se navavarshaaranbh maanate hain.

aaj bhi hamaare desh mein prakruti, shiksha tatha raajakeeya kosh aadi ke chaalan-sanchaalan mein March, April ke roop mein chaitr shukl pratipda ko hi dekhte hain. yeh samay do rituon ka sandhikaal hai. ismein raatein chhoti aur din bade hone lagte hain. prakruti naya roop dhar leti hai. prateet hota hai ki prakruti navapallav dhaaran kar nav sanrachana ke liye oorjasvit hoti hai. maanav, pashu-pakshi, yahaan tak ki jad-chetan prakruti bhi pramaad aur aalasya ko tyaag sachetan ho jaati hai. vasantotsav ka bhi yahi aadhaar hai. isi samay barf pighlane lagti hai. aamon par baur aane lagta hai. prakruti ki hareetima navajeevan ka prateek bankar hamaare jeevan se jud jaati hai.

isi pratipda ke din aaj se 2054 varsh poorv ujjayani naresh mahaaraaj vikramaaditya ne videshi aakraant shakon se Bhaarat-bhoo ka rakshan kiya aur isi din se kaal ganana praarambh ki. upakrut raashtra ne bhi unheen mahaaraaj ke naam se vikrami samvat kah kar pukaara. mahaaraaj vikramaaditya ne aaj se 2054 varsh poorv raashtra ko susangathit kar shakon ki shakti ka unmoolan kar desh se bhaga diya aur unke hi mool sthaan arab mein vijyashri praapt ki. saath hi yavan, hoon, tushaar, paarasik tatha kanboj deshon par apni vijay dhvaja faharaai. usi ke smruti svaroop yeh pratipda sanvatsar ke roop mein manaai jaati thi aur yeh kram pruthveeraaj chauhaan ke samay tak chala. mahaaraaja vikramaaditya ne Bhaarat ki hi naheen, apitu samast vishv ki srushti ki. sabse praacheen kaalaganana ke aadhaar par hi pratipda ke din ko vikrami samvat ke roop mein abhishikt kiya. isi din maryaada purushottam Bhagwan raamachandr ke raajyaabhishek athva rohan ke roop mein manaaya gaya. yeh din hi vaastav mein asatya par satya ki vijay dilaane wala hai. isi din mahaaraaj yudhishtir ka bhi raajyaabhishek hua aur mahaaraaja vikramaaditya ne bhi shakon par vijay ke utsav ke roop mein manaaya. aaj bhi yeh din hamaare saamaajik aur dhaaíaamak kaaryon ke anushthaan ki dhuri ke roop mein tithi banaakar maanyata praapt kar chuka hai. yeh raashtreeya svaabhimaan aur saanskrutik dharohar ko bachaane wala punya diwas hai. ham pratipda se praarambh kar nau din mein chhah maas ke liye shakti sanchaya karte hain, fir Ashwin maas ki navaraatri mein shesh chhah maas ke liye shakti sanchaya karte hain.

inhein bhi dekhein

baahari kadiyaaain


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