govind shankar kurup

govind shankar kurup
G.shankarakurup.jpg
govind shankar kurup ki smruti mein jaari daakatikt
janm: 5 June 1901
naayatott, Kerala, Bhaarat
mrutyu: 2 February 1978
triveindram, Kerala, Bhaarat
kaaryakshetr: adhyaapan, lekhan, salaahakaar, sansad sadasya
raashtreeyata: bhaarateeya
bhaasha: malayalam
vidha: gadya evam padya
vishay: prem prakruti aadhyaatm
pramukh kruti(yaaain): vishv darshanam, ottakushl ya otakkushl
1965 ke jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar se sammaanit

govind shankar kurup ya ji shankar kurup (5 June 1901-2 February 1978)[1] malayalam bhaasha ke prasiddh kavi hain. unka janm Kerala ke ek gaaainv naayatott mein hua tha. 3 saal ki umr se unki shiksha aarambh hui. 8 varsh tak ki aayu mein ve 'amar kosh' 'siddharupam' 'shreeraamodantam' aadi granth kanthasth kar chuke the aur raghuvansh mahaakaavya ke kai shlok padh chuke the. 11 varsh ki aayu me mahaakavi kunjikuttan ke gaaainv aagaman par ve kavita ki or unmukh huye. tiruvilvamala mein adhyaapan kaarya karte huye aaingreji bhaasha tatha saahitya ka adhyan kiya. aaingreji saahitya inko geeti ke aalok ki or le gaya. unki prasiddh rachana otakkushl[2] arthaat baaainsuri Bhaarat sarkaar dvaara diye jaane vaale saahitya ke sarvochch puraskaar jnyaaanapeeth dvaara sammaanit hui.[3] inki kaavya chetna ne aitihaasik tatha vaigyaanik yug bodh ke prati sajag bhaav rakha hai. kurup bimbon aur prateekon ke kavi hain. inhonne paramparaagat chhandavidhaan aur sanskrutanishth bhaasha ko apnaaya, parimaarjit kiya aur apne chintan tatha kaavya pratibimbon ke anurup unhein abhivyakti ki nayi saamarthya se pusht kiya.

anukram

jeevan parichay

naayatott ke saralajeevi vaataavaran mein govind shankar kurup ka janm shankar vaariyr ke ghar mein hua. unki maata ka naam lakshmeekutti amma tha. bachapan mein hi pita ka dehaant ho jaane ke kaaran unka laalan-paalan maama ne kiya. unke maama jyotishi aur pandit the jiske kaaran sanskrut padhne mein unki sahaj ruchi rahi aur unhein sanskrut kaavya parampara ke sudrudh sanskaar mile. aage ki padhaai ke liye ve perumapaavoor ke middle school mein padhne gaye. saataveen kaksha ke baad ve moovaattupupa malayalam haai school mein padhne aae. yahaaain ke do adhyaapakon shri aar.si. sharma aur shri S.N. Nair ka unke oopar gahra prabhaav pada. unhonne kocheen raajya ki pandit pareeksha paas ki, baangla aur malayalam ke saahitya ka adhyayan kiya. unki pehli kavita 'aatmaposhini' naamak maasik patrika mein prakaashit hui aur jaldi hi unka pehla kavita sangrah 'saahitya kautumakam' prakaashit hua. is samay ve tiruvilvaamala haai school mein adhyaapak ho gaye. 1921 se 1925 tak shri shankar kurup tiruvilvaamala rahe. 1925 mein ve chaalaakuti haai school aa gaye. isi varsh saahitya kautukam ka doosra bhaag prakaashit hua. unki pratibha aur prasiddhi chaaron or failane lagi thi. 1931 mein naale (aagaami kal) sheershak kavita se ve jan-jan mein pahachaane gaye. 1937 se 1956 tak ve mahaaraaja college ernaakulam mein praadhyaapak ke pad par kaarya karte rahe. praadhyaapaki se avakaash lene ke baad ve aakaashavaani ke salaahakaar bane. 1965 mein jnyaaanapeeth ke baad unhein 1967 mein soviytalaind Nehru puraskaar praapt hua. govind shankar kurup ko saahitya evam shiksha ke kshetr mein san 1968 mein Bhaarat sarkaar ne padm bhooshan se sammaanit kiya tha, tatha usi varsh raashtrapati ne unhein raajya sabha ka sadasya bhi manoneet kiya jis par ve 1968 se 1972 tak bane rahe. 1978 mein unki mrutyu ke samay Kerala mein raajakeeya avakaash ki ghoshana ki gayi.

prakaashit krutiyaaain

  • kavita sangrah - saahitya kautukam - chaar khand (1923-1929), sooryakaanti (1932), navaatithi (1935), pooja pushpama (1944), nimishm (1945), cheinkatirukal muttukal (1945), vanagaayakan (1947), italukal (1948), otakkushl(1950), pathikante paattu (1951), antardaah (1955), vellilpparavakal (1955), vishvadarshanam (1960), jeevan sangeetam (1964), moonnaruviyum oru pushyum (1964), paatheyam (1961), jeeyuhe teranjetutt kavitkal (1972), madhuram saumyam deeptam, velichchattinte dootam, saandhyaraagam.
  • nibandh sangrah - gadyopahaaram (1940), lekhamaal (1943), raakkuyilukal, muttum chippiyum (1959), ji. yute notabuk, ji yute gadya lekhanangal.
  • naatak - iruttinu munpu (1935), saandhya (1944), aagast 15 (1956).
  • baal saahitya - ilam chanchukal (1954), olappeeppi (1944), raadhaaraani, jeeyute baalakavitkaal.
  • aatmakatha - ommaryute olangalil (do khand)
  • anuvaad - anuvaadon mein se teen baangla mein se hain, do sanskrut se, ek angreji ke maadhyam se faarasi kruti ka aur ek isi maadhyam se do freinch krutiyon ke. baangla krutiyaaain hain- geetaanjali, ekottarashati, taagor. sanskrut ki krutiyaaain hain- madhyam vyaayog aur meghadoot, faarasi ki rubaaiyaat A umar khaiyaam[4] aur freinch krutiyon ke angreji naam hain- the old main hoo daj not vaant tu daaya, tatha the child vhich daj not vaunt tu bi baurn.

baahyasootr

sandarbh

  1. jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar. nai Delhi: bhaarateeya jnyaaanapeeth. 2005. pa॰ 18. 81-263-1140-1.
  2. "otakkushal" (peeechapi). bhaarateeya saahitya sangrah. http://www.pustak.org/bs/home.php?bookid=567. abhigman tithi: 2008.
  3. "pehla jnyaaanapeeth puraskaar kise diya gaya tha" (peeechapi). BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/hindi/news/story/2007/04/070407_askus_hercules.shtml. abhigman tithi: 2008.
  4. "umar ki rubaaiyon ke anuvaad bhaarateeya bhaashaaon mein". kaakesh ki kataranein. http://kakesh.com/2007/anuwad_other_language/. abhigman tithi: 2008.