gokarn, Bhaarat

gokarn
village
A public baths in the centre of the town, Gokarna, India.JPG
samay mandal: IST (UTC+5:30)
desh Flag of India.svg Bhaarat
raajya Karnataka
jila uttar kannad
janasankhya
ghanatv
25,851 (2001 tak )
• 2,372 /kimi2 (6,143 /varg meal)
kshetrafal
ooainchaai (AMSL)
10.9 km² (4 sq mi)
• 586 meter (1,923 fee॰)
aadhikaarik jaalasthal: www.srigokarna.org

Erioll world.svgnirdeshaank: 14°a33′a00″aN 74°a19′a00″aE / 14.55°aN 74.31667°aE / 14.55; 74.31667 gokarn (kannad: ಗaaೋaaಕaaರaa್aaಣ) dakshin Bhaarat ke Karnataka mein maingalor ke paas sthit ek gram hai. is sthaan se hindu dharm ke logon ki gahari aasthaaen judi hain, saath hi is dhaarmik jagah ke khoobsoorat beechon ke aakarshan se bhi log khinche chale aate hain. apne aitihaasik mandiron ke saath saagar taton ke liye bhi yeh sthaan mashahoor hai. yahaan maana jaata hai ki shivji ka janm gaaya ke kaan se hua aur isi vajah se ise gokarn kaha jaata hai. saath hi ek dhaaran ke anusaar ki gangaavali aur aghanaashini nadiyon ke sangam par base is gaanv ka aakaar bhi ek kaan jaisa hi hai. is kaaran se logon ki yahaan kaafi aastha hai aur yeh ek mahatvapoorn teerth sthal hai. yahaan dekhne laayak kai mandir hain. vaise, yahaan ke khoobsoorat beech dheron paryatakon ko lubhaate hain. kul milaakar yahaan ke behatareen praakrutik maahaul mein dhaamirk aasthaaon ko gaharaai se anubhav kiya ja sakta hai.

anukram

dhaarmik sthaan

gokarn ka Mahabaleshwar mandir yahaan ka sabse puraana mandir hai. Bhagwan Shiv ko samarpit pashchimi ghaat par basa yeh mandir 1500 saal puraana hai aur Karnataka ke saat muktisthalon mein se ek maana jaata hai. kaha jaata hai ki yahaan sthaapit chhah feet oonche shivling ke darshan 40 saal mein sirf ek baar hote hain. apni is dhaarmik maanyata ke chalte is jagah ko 'dakshin ka kaashi' ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai. kaha jaata hai ki Bhagwan Shiv ne yeh shivling raavan ko uske saamraajya ki raksha karne ke liye diya tha, lekin Bhagwan ganesh aur varun devata ne kuchh chaal chalakar shivling yahaan sthaapit karva diya. tamaam koshishein karne ke baavajood raavan ise nikaal naheen paaya. tabhi se yahaan Bhagwan Shiv ka vaas maana jaata hai.

gokarn ka ek aur mahattvapoorn mandir mahaaganapati mandir hai, jo Bhagwan ganesh ko samarpit hai. ganesh ji ne yahaan shivling ki sthaapana karavaai thi, isliye yeh unke naam par is mandir ka nirmaan karavaaya gaya.

yahaan ke doosare aham mandir hain : uma maaheshvari mandir, bhadrakaali mandir, varadaraaj mandir, taamragauri mandir aur sanamukh mandir. inke alaava, sejeshvar, gunavanteshvar, murudeshvar aur dhaareshvar mandir bhi darshaneeya hain. bataate chalein ki Mahabaleshwar aur in chaaron mandiron ko pachan mahaakshetr ke naam se jaana jaata hai.

Mahabaleshwar mandir aur usaki katha

Mahabaleshwar mandir gokarn ka sabse puraana mandir hai. Bhagwan Shiv ko samarpit pashchimi ghaat par basa yeh mandir lagbhag 1500 saal puraana hai aur ise Karnataka ke saat muktisthalon mein se ek maana jaata hai. gokarn mein Bhagwan shankar ka aatmatatv ling hai. shaastron mein gokarn teerth ki badi mahima bataai gayi hai. yahaan ke vigrah ko Mahabaleshwar mahaadev kehte hain. yeh mandir bada hi sundar hai. maanyataaon ke mutaabik, yahaan sthaapit chhah feet oonche shivling ke darshan 40 saal mein sirf ek baar hote hai. is dhaarmik maanyata ke chalte is sthal ko 'dakshin ka kaashi' ke naam se bhi jaana jaata hai.

kaha jaata hai ki Bhagwan Shiv ne raavan ko uske saamraajya ki raksha karne ke liye shivling diya tha, lekin Bhagwan ganesh aur varun devata ne kuchh chaalein chalakar shivling yahaan sthaapit karva diya. tamaam koshishein karne ke baavajood raavan ise nikaal naheen paaya. tabhi se yahaan Bhagwan Shiv ka vaas maana jaata hai. yahaan mandir ke bheetar peeth sthaan par araghe ke andar aatmatatv shivling ke mastak ka agrabhaag drushti mein aata hai aur usi ki pooja hoti hai. yeh moorti mrugashrrung ke samaan hai. kaha jaata hai ki paataal mein tapasya karte hue Bhagwan rudr goroop dhaarini pruthvi ke karnarandhr se yahaan prakat hue, isi se is kshetr ka naam gokarn pada. Mahabaleshwar mandir ke paas siddh ganapati ki moorti hai, jiske mastak par raavan dvaara aaghaat karne ka chinh hai. ganesh ji ne yahaan shivling ki sthaapana karavaai thi, isliye unke naam par is mandir ka nirmaan karavaaya gaya. inka darshan karne ke baad hi aatmatatv shivling ke darshan poojan ki vidhi hai.

mandir sthaapana sambandhi prachalit katha- Bhagwan shankar ek baar mrug svaroop banaakar Kailash se antarhit ho gaye the. dhoondhate hue devata us mrug ke paas pahunche. Bhagwan vishnu, bramhaaji tatha indr ne mrug ke seeng pakade. mrug to adrushya ho gaya, kintu teenon devataaon ke haath mein seeng ke teen tukade rah gaye. Bhagwan vishnu tatha bramhaaji ke haath ke tukade- seeng ka moolabhaag tatha madhyabhaag gola- gokarnanaath tatha shrrungeshvar mein sthaapit hue. indr ke haath mein seeng ka agrabhaag tha. indr ne use svarg mein sthaapit kiya. raavan ke putr meghanaath ne jab indr par vijay praapt ki, tab raavan svarg se vah ling moorti lekar lanka ki or chala.

kuchh vidvaanon ka mat hai ki raavan ki maata baaloo ka paarthiv ling banaakar poojan karti thi. samudra kinaare poojan karte samay usaka baaloo ka ling samudra ki laharon se bah gaya. isse vah du:khi ho gayi. maata ko santusht karne ke liye raavan Kailash gaya. vahaan tapasya karke usane Bhagwan shankar se aatmatatv ling ko praapt kiya. raavan jab gokarn kshetr mein pahuncha, tab shaam hone ko aa gayi. raavan ke paas aatmatatv ling hone se devata chintit the. unki maaya se raavan ko shauchaadi ki teevr aavashyakta mahasoos hui. devataaon ki praarthana se ganeshaji vahaan raavan ke paas bramhachaari ke roop mein upasthit hue. raavan ne un bramhachaari ke haath mein vah ling vigrah de diya aur swayam nityakarm mein lag gaya. idhar moorti bhaari ho gayi. bramhachaari bane ganeshaji ne teen baar naam lekar raavan ko pukaara aur uske na aane par moorti pruthvi par rakh di.

raavan apni aavashyakataaon ki poorti karke shuddh hokar aaya. vah bahut parishram karne par bhi moorti ko utha naheen saka. kheejhakar usane ganeshaji ke mastak par prahaar kiya aur niraash hokar lanka chala gaya. raavan ke prahaar se vyathit ganeshaji vahaan se chaalees pad jaakar khade ho gaye. Bhagwan shankar ne prakat hokar unhein aashvaasan aur varadaan diya ki tumhaara darshan kiye bina jo mera darshan poojan karega, use usaka punyafal naheen praapt hoga.

gokarn ke doosare aham mandir hain- uma maaheshvari mandir, bhadrakaali mandir, varadaraaj mandir, taamragauri mandir aur sanamukh mandir. inke alaava sejeshvar, gunavanteshvar, murudeshvar aur dhaareshvar mandir bhi darshaneeya hain.

praakrutik aakarshan

gokarn ka Om saagaratat

pashchimi ghaaton aur arab saagar ke beech basa gokarn jahaan apne mandiron ke chalte dhaarmik aasthaaon ka kendra hai, to yahaan ke beech bhi kuchh kam lubhaavane naheen hain.

om beech

is beech ka aakaar kudarati taur par hi om jaisa hai, isliye ise om beech ke naam se jaana jaata hai.

kadale beech

khajoor ke pedon se ghire is khoobsoorat beech par aap sooraj ke doobne va ugane, donon ka hi aanand le sakte hain.

haalf moon aur pairaadaaij beech

ye donon hi beech thodi doori par hain aur yahaan aap naav se ja sakte hain. agar aap shaantipriya hain, to ye beech aapko behad pasand aaenge.

sandarbh

baahari kadiyaaain